Christopher D. Hawkes

     Christopher D. Hawkes  B.Sc., Ph.D.

    Associate Professor of Civil and Geological Engineering

    Biography

    Education and Experience

    B.Sc., Ph.D.(N.B.) 

    Specialization: Geological Engineering: Petroleum Geomechanics, Rock Mechanics, Numerical Modeling

    Current and Past Projects

    Borehole Stability Analysis for Drilling in Weak Shales; Sand Production Risk Analysis; Caprock Integrity Analysis for Greenhouse Gas Storage Reservoirs; Laboratory Analysis of Rock Mechanical Properties, Numerical and Analytical Modelling of Stresses, Deformations and Fluid Flow in Porous Media; Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Multi-Phase Flow in Natural Fractures and Caprocks

    Publications

    Refereed Journal Publications
    • Soltanzadeh, H. and Hawkes, C.D. (2012). Evaluation of caprock integrity during pore pressure change using a probabilistic implementation of a closed-form poroelastic model, International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 7(Mar.), 30-38. Available online at: www.sciencedirect.com
    • Hudgins, J.A., Spray, J.G. and Hawkes, C.D. (2011). Element diffusion rates in lunar granulitic breccias; evidence for contact metamorphism on the Moon, American Mineralogist, 96(Dec.), 1673-1685. Available online at: http://ammin.geoscienceworld.org/content/96/11-12/1673
    • Soltanzadeh, H. and Hawkes, C.D. (2008). Assessing Fault Reactivation Tendency Within and Surrounding Porous Reservoirs During Fluid Production or Injection, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, 46(1), 1-7. Available online at: www.sciencedirect.com
    • Soltanzadeh, H. and Hawkes, C.D. (2008). Semi-Analytical Models for Stress Change and Fault Reactivation Induced by Reservoir Production and Injection, Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 60(2), 71-85.
    • Soltanzadeh, H., Hawkes, C.D. and Sharma, J.S. (2007). Poroelastic Model for Production- and Injection-Induced Stresses in Reservoirs with Elastic Properties Different from the Surrounding Rock, ASCE Journal of Geomechanics, 7(5), 353-361.
    • Hawkes, C.D. (2007). Assessing the Mechanical Stability of Horizontal Boreholes in Coal, Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 44, 797-813.
    • Hawkes, C., McLellan, P.J. and Bachu, S. (2005). Geomechanical Factors Affecting Geological Storage of CO2 in Depleted Oil and Gas Reservoirs, Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology, 44(10), 52-61.
    Refereed Conference Proceedings
    • Soltanzadeh, H. and Hawkes, C.D. (2007). A semi-analytical model for predicting fault reactivation tendency induced by fluid production and injection in porous reservoirs, Rock Mechanics - Meeting Society''s Challenges and Demands: Proceedings of the 1st Canada-US Rock Mechanics Symposium, Vancouver, May 27-31, 1625-1632.
    • Soltanzadeh, H. and Hawkes, C.D. (2007). Predicting the stress changes induced by fluid production and injection in porous reservoirs, Rock Mechanics - Meeting Society''s Challenges and Demands: Proceedings of the 1st Canada-US Rock Mechanics Symposium, Vancouver, May 27-31, 1609-1616.
    • Smith, T.L., Milne, D. and Hawkes, C.D. (2007). Case study review of rock mass response to artifical ground freezing, Rock Mechanics - Meeting Society''s Challenges and Demands: Proceedings of the 1st Canada-US Rock Mechanics Symposium, Vancouver, May 27-31, 1567-1574.
    • Szczepanik, Z., Milne, D. and Hawkes, C.D. (2007). The confining effect of end roughness on unconfined compressive strength, Rock Mechanics - Meeting Society''s Challenges and Demands: Proceedings of the 1st Canada-US Rock Mechanics Symposium, Vancouver, May 27-31, 793-797.
    Non-refereed Conference Proceedings
    • Thomson, J., Hawkes, C.D., Milne, D., Klemmer, S. and Bashir, R. (2012). Laboratory investigation of flow through fractured sandstone, Proceedings of the 21st Canadian Rock Mechanics Symposium, Edmonton, AB, May 5-9, Paper No. 7149, 147-159 (CD Rom).
    • Soltanzadeh, H. and Hawkes, C.D. (2012). Geomechanical response to CO2 injection for the Heartland Area Redwater Project (HARP), Alberta, Proceedings of the 21st Canadian Rock Mechanics Symposium, Edmonton, AB, May 5-9, Paper No. 7016, 517-527 (CD Rom).
    • Hawkes, C.D., Gardner, C., Watson, T. and Chalaturnyk, R. (2010). Overview of Wellbore Integrity Research for the IEA GHG Weyburn-Midale CO2 Monitoring and Storage Project, 10th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, September 19-23, (9 pages).
    • Bachu, S., Brydie, J., Hauck, T., Lakeman, B., Palombi, D., Stoakes, F., Wendte, J., Lawton, D., Pooladi-Darvish, M., Hawkes, C.D., Chalaturnyk, R., Krawec, T. and Sawchuck, W. (2010). The Heartland Area Redwater CO2 storage project (HARP): Results of Phase I site characterization, 10th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, September 19-23, (8 pages).
    • Rostron, B., Johnson, J., Hawkes, C.D., Gardner, C., Chalaturnyk, R. and Whittaker, S. (2010). CO2 Storage Monitoring Efforts at the Weyburn-Midale Fields, Canada, AAPG/SEG/SPE Hedberg Conference, Vancouver, BC, August 16-19, 2009, Paper No. AAPG Discovery Article 90103, (3 pages).
    • Milne, D., Hawkes, C.D. and Hamilton, C. (2009). A new tool for field characterization of joint surfaces, Proceedings of the 3rd Canada-US Rock Mechanics Symposium (RockEng09), Toronto, ON, May 9-15, Paper No. 4169, (11 pages) (CD Rom).
    • Soltanzadeh, H., Hawkes, C.D., McLellan, P.J. and Smith, S.A. (2009). Poroelastic modelling of productions and injection-induced stress changes in a pinnacle reef, Proceedings of the 3rd Canada-US Rock Mechanics Symposium (RockEng09), Toronto, ON, May 9-15, Paper No. 4182, (12 pages) (CD Rom).
    • Preston, C., Whittaker, S., Rostron, B., Chalaturnyk, R., White, D., Hawkes, C.D., Johnson, J.W., Wilkinson, A. and Sakuta, N. (2008). IEA GHG Weyburn-Midale CO2 Monitoring and Storage Project ? Moving forward with the Final Phase, Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT-9), Washington, DC, November 16-20, 1743-1750.
    • Smith, S.A., McLellan, P.J., Hawkes, C.D., Steadman, E.N. and Harju, J.A. (2008). Geomechanical testing and modeling of reservoir and cap rock integrity in an acid gas EOR/sequestration project, Zama, Alberta, Canada, Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT-9), Washington, DC, November 16-20, 2169-2176.
    • Hawkes, C.D. and Hamid, O. (2008). In-situ stress regime in the Viking Formation, southwest Saskatchewan, Proceedings of the 61st Canadian Geotechnical Conference, Edmonton, AB, September 21-24, Paper No. 418, (10 pages) (CD Rom).
    • Haug, K., Hawkes, C.D. and Bachu, S. (2007). Evaluation of stress and geomechanical characteristics of rocks at Penn West's Pembina CO2-enhanced oil recovery pilot operation, Canadian International Petroleum Conference, Calgary, June 12-14, Paper No. 2007-084, (3 pages).
    • Glemser, C., Kotzer, T. and Hawkes, C.D. (2007). Investigation of pore structure within the Weyburn oilfield using synchrotron microtomography, The Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists and Canadian Society of Exploration Geophysicists Annual Convention, Calgary, May 14-17, 134-137.
    • Chan, T.K. and Hawkes, C. (2006). Petrophysical and Geotechnical Properties of Lea Park Formation Shale from Weyburn, Saskatchewan, Canadian Geotechnical Conference, Saskatoon, SK, September 18-23, 2005, (6 pages) (CD Rom).
    • Hawkes, C. and Bachu, S. (2006). Regional Analysis of Geomechanical Parameters Affecting the Safety of CO2 Geological Storage in the Alberta Basin, Canada, 8th Int. Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, Trondheim, Norway, June 19-22, 2006, (6 pages) (CD Rom).
    • Szczepanik, Z., Milne, D., Hawkes, C. and Greenlay, K. (2005). The Influence of End Effects on Unconfined Compressive Strength, Canadian Geotechnical Conference, Saskatoon, SK, September 18-23, 2005, (8 pages) (CD Rom).
    Conference Presentations / Poster Presentations
    • Thomson, J., Hawkes, C.D., Milne, D. and Bashir, R. (2010). Rock Mass Properties Influencing Groundwater Flow Potential for Shaft Sinking, Canadian Institute of Mining, Vancouver, May.
    • Klemmer, S., Milne, D., Hawkes, C.D. and Bashir, R. (2010). Air Permeability Test Results and Application to Underground Mining, Canadian Institute of Mining, Vancouver, May 2 to May 5.
    • Robb, J., Kotzer, T. and Hawkes, C.D. (2008). Investigation of the 3D Geometry of Low Permeability Rocks Using Synchrotron X-Ray Computed Microtomography, Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists CSEG CWLS Convention, Calgary, Alberta, May 12-15.
    • McLellan, P., Chou, Q., Gao, J., Hawkes, C.D. and Smith, S. (2008). Geomechanical Characterization of the Zama Acid Gas EOR, CO2 Sequestration, and Monitoring Project, Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists CSEG CWLS Convention, Calgary, Alberta, May 12-15.
    • Hamid, O. and Hawkes, C.D. (2007). In-situ stress regime in Cretaceous-age strata of southwest Saskatchewan, 15th Williston Basin Petroleum Conference, Regina, April 29 - May 1.
    • Glemser, C., Kotzer, T., Whittaker, S. and Hawkes, C. (2006). Petrophysical Evaluation of Carbonates from the Weyburn Oil Field using Synchrotron X-ray Computed Microtomography (CMT), Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists Annual Conference, Calgary, AB, May 15-18, 2006.
    Invited Lecture/Talk
    • Hawkes, C.D. (Invited) (2011). Geomechanics at Weyburn, Redwater and Zama, IEA-GHG Combined Modelling and Wellbore Integrity Networks Meeting, Perth, Australia, April 27-29.
    Published Book Chapter
    • Mahoney, E., Kotzer, K. and Hawkes, C.D. (2009). Studying the effects of CO2 exposure on carbonates from the Weyburn Field using microtomographic techniques: An update, Summary of Investigations 2009, Saskatchewan Geological Survey, Misc. Rep. 2009-4.1, Sask. Ministry of Energy and Resources, Regina. SK, 1-13.
    • Soltanzadeh, H. and Hawkes, C.D. (2008). Induced Poroelastic and Thermoelastic Stress Changes Within Reservoirs During Fluid Injection and Production, Chapter 2, Porous Media: Heat and Mass Transfer, Transport and Mechanics, Nova Science Publishers, Inc., Hauppauge, NY, USA, 27-57.

    Research Grants

    2011-2012

    • Co-Principal Investigator, Storage Geomechanics and Reservoir Modelling, Carbon Management Canada (Federal Gov't / Alberta Gov't / Industy, Networks of Centres of Excellence - Grant.
    • Principal Investigator, Geomechanical Characterization Program - Clive Field CO2 Injection, Alberta Innovates Technology Futures, Industry Contract.
    • Principal Investigator, Geomechanical Model Development for Wellbore Stability Analysis, Weatherford International INc., Industry Contract.
    • Principal Investigator, Theme leader - Wellbore integrity: Final phase of the IEA GHG Weyburn-Midale CO2 monitoring & storage project, Petroleum Technology Research Centre, Industry Contract.
    • Co-Investigator, Catalytic gasification for improving the cost and reliability of carbon capture and storage from SK lignite and petroleum coke, Western Economic Diversification Canada, Research Grant.

    2010-2011

    • Co-Principal Investigator, Hydrogeology of Siltstones Overlying N.B. Potash Mine, Potashcorp, Industry Grant.
    • Co-Principal Investigator, Rock Mass Hydrogeological Properties for Shaft-Sinking and Underground Stability, Cameco Corporation, Industry Contract.
    • Principal Investigator, Geomechanical Characterization Program - Clive Field CO2 Injection, Alberta Innovates Technology Futures, Industry Contract.
    • Principal Investigator, Investigating the Mechanics of Two-phase Flow in Rock Fractures and Caprocks, NSERC, Discovery Grant.
    • Principal Investigator, Reservoir-Geomechanical Research - Heartland Area Redwater Project (Phase 2), Alberta Research Council, Industry Contract.
    • Principal Investigator, Theme leader - Wellbore integrity: Final phase of the IEA GHG Weyburn-Midale CO2 monitoring & storage project, Petroleum Technology Research Centre, Industry Contract.

    2009-2010

    • Co-Principal Investigator, Hydrogeology of Siltstones Overlying N.B. Potash Mine, Potashcorp, Industry Grant.
    • Co-Principal Investigator, Rock Mass Hydrogeological Properties for Shaft-Sinking and Underground Stability, Cameco Corporation, Industry Contract.
    • Principal Investigator, Aquistore Project - Technical Advisor, Petroleum Technology Research Centre, Industry Contract.
    • Principal Investigator, Investigating the Mechanics of Two-phase Flow in Rock Fractures and Caprocks, NSERC, Discovery Grant.
    • Principal Investigator, Investigation of Poroelastic Effects on In-situ Stresses and Concomitant Effects on Seal Integrity, Weatherford Advanced Geotechnology, Industry Contract.
    • Principal Investigator, Laboratory Investigation of Aquitard Properties at the Weyburn Oil Field - Lea Park Shale, Petroleum Technology Research Centre, Industry Contract.
    • Principal Investigator, Reservoir-Geomechanical Research - Heartland Area Redwater Project (Phase 2), Alberta Research Council, Industry Contract.
    • Principal Investigator, Theme leader - Wellbore integrity: Final phase of the IEA GHG Weyburn-Midale CO2 monitoring & storage project, Petroleum Technology Research Centre, Industry Contract.
    • Co-Investigator, Micron Scale Analysis of CO2 - Rock Matrix Interaction, Petroleum Technology Research Centre, Industry Contract.

    2008-2009

    • Co-Principal Investigator, Hydrogeology of Siltstones Overlying N.B. Potash Mine, Potashcorp, Industry Grant.
    • Co-Principal Investigator, Rock Mass Hydrogeological Properties for Shaft-Sinking and Underground Stability, Cameco Corporation, Industry Contract.
    • Principal Investigator, Analytical and Semi-analytical Modeling Tools for Geomechanical Analysis of CO2 EOR and Storage Sites, Petroleum Technology Research Centre, Industry Contract.
    • Principal Investigator, Geomechanical considerations in CCS site selection and characterisation, Alberta Research Council, Industry Grant.
    • Principal Investigator, Investigating the Mechanics of Two-phase Flow in Rock Fractures and Caprocks, NSERC, Discovery Grant.
    • Principal Investigator, Laboratory Investigation of Aquitard Properties at the Weyburn Oil Field - Lea Park Shale, Petroleum Technology Research Centre, Industry Contract.
    • Principal Investigator, Reservoir-Geomechanical Research - Heartland Area Redwater Project (Phase 1), Alberta Research Council, Industry Contract.
    • Principal Investigator, Theme leader - Wellbore integrity: Final phase of the IEA GHG Weyburn-Midale CO2 monitoring & storage project, Petroleum Technology Research Centre, Industry Contract.
    • Co-Investigator, Micron Scale Analysis of CO2 - Rock Matrix Interaction, Petroleum Technology Research Centre, Industry Contract.

    2007-2008

    • Principal Investigator, Analytical and Semi-analytical Modeling Tools for Geomechanical Analysis of CO2 EOR and Storage Sites, Petroleum Technology Research Centre, Industry Contract.
    • Principal Investigator, Investigating the Mechanics of Two-phase Flow in Rock Fractures and Caprocks, NSERC, Discovery Grant.
    • Principal Investigator, Laboratory Investigation of Aquitard Properties at the Weyburn Oil Field - Lea Park Shale, Petroleum Technology Research Centre, Industry Contract.
    • Principal Investigator, Theme leader - Wellbore integrity: Final phase of the IEA GHG Weyburn-Midale CO2 monitoring & storage project, Petroleum Technology Research Centre, Industry Contract.
    • Co-Investigator, Micron Scale Analysis of CO2 - Rock Matrix Interaction, Petroleum Technology Research Centre, Industry Contract.

    Teaching

    2011-2012

    • CE852.3 - Advanced Geotechnical Laboratory
    • GEOE378.3 - Engineering Geological Mapping
    • GEOE412.3 - Reservoir Mechanics
    • GEOE466.3 - Petroleum Geomechanics
    • GEOE495.6 - Capstone Design Project

    2010-2011

    • CE874.3 - Underground Rock Mechanics
    • CE898.3 - Advanced Reservoir Mechanics
    • GEOE378.3 - Engineering Geological Mapping
    • GEOE412.3 - Reservoir Mechanics
    • GEOE466.3 - Petroleum Geomechanics
    • GEOE495.6 - Capstone Design Project

    2008-2009

    • CE852.3 - Geotechnical Laboratory
    • CE876.3 - Mechanics of Rock Masses
    • GEOE218.3 - Intro Engineering Geology
    • GEOE378.3 - Engineering Geological Mapping
    • GEOE412.3 - Reservoir Mechanics
    • GEOE466.3 - Petroleum Geomechanics
    • GEOE495.3 - Capstone Design Project

    2007-2008

    • GEOE218.3 - Intro Engineering Geology
    • GEOE378.3 - Engineering Geological Mapping
    • GEOE412.3 - Reservoir Mechanics
    • GEOE466.3 - Petroleum Geomechanics

    Research Projects

    2011-2012

    • Assessing the impact of geomechanical processes on geological storage of greenhouse gases
    • Effects of Hydrogeological Processes on Shaft Sinking
    • Geomechanical Model Development for Wellbore Stability Analysis
    • Investigation of Geological & Geomechanical Controls on Hydraulic Fracturing in the Baaken Formation
    • Micro-cale analysis of CO2 - Carbonate mineral reactions using synchrotron x-ray computed microtomography

    2010-2011

    • Assessing the impact of geomechanical processes on geological storage of greenhouse gases
    • Assessment of Shale as CO2 Containment Barrier
    • Effects of Hydrogeological Processes on Shaft Sinking
    • Hydrogeology of the Mabou Silstone, New Brunswick
    • Investigating the mechanics of two-phase flow in rock fractures and caprocks
    • Micro-cale analysis of CO2 - Carbonate mineral reactions using synchrotron x-ray computed microtomography

    2009-2010

    • Assessing the impact of geomechanical processes on geological storage of greenhouse gases
    • Assessment of Shale as CO2 Containment Barrier
    • Effects of Hydrogeological Processes on Shaft Sinking
    • Geomechanical Modelling for CO2 Storage
    • Hydrogeology of the Mabou Silstone, New Brunswick
    • Investigating the mechanics of two-phase flow in rock fractures and caprocks
    • Micro-cale analysis of CO2 - Carbonate mineral reactions using synchrotron x-ray computed microtomography

    2008-2009

    • Assessing the impact of geomechanical processes on geological storage of greenhouse gases
    • Assessment of Shale as CO2 Containment Barrier
    • Effects of Hydrogeological Processes on Shaft Sinking
    • Geomechanical Modelling for CO2 Storage
    • Hydrogeology of the Mabou Silstone, New Brunswick
    • Investigating the mechanics of two-phase flow in rock fractures and caprocks
    • Micro-cale analysis of CO2 ? carbonate mineral reactions using synchrotron x-ray computed microtomography

    2007-2008

    • Assessing the impact of geomechanical processes on geological storage of greenhouse gases
    • In-situ stresses in coal-bearing strata of southwest Saskatchewan
    • Investigating the mechanics of two-phase flow in rock fractures and caprocks
    • Petrophysical characterization of rocks using synchrotron x-ray computed microtomography