Roy Billinton

     Roy Billinton  B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D., D.Sc.

    Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Electrical Engineering (1964-2003)

    Biography

    Roy Billinton obtained B.Sc and M.Sc degrees from the University of Manitoba and Ph.D and D.Sc degrees from the University of Saskatchewan.  He joined the University of Saskatchewan as an Assistant Professor in 1964, after working in the System Planning and Production Divisions of Manitoba Hydro. 

    Dr. Billinton’s area of research is power system reliability, economics and performance and he has developed a wide range of techniques to evaluate the reliability of engineering systems, from simple configurations to complex systems such as large electric power generation, transmission and distribution systems.  In this regard, he has made a significant contribution to the development and application of quantitative techniques for past performance and predictive assessment of power system reliability.  He is the author or co-author of eight books dealing with power system reliability.  Two of these books, now in their second editions, have been republished in Chinese and one in Russian.  His first book, published in 1970, is considered to be the first book in English on the subject of power system reliability. He is the author or co-author of over 975 technical papers related to his research with over 535 publications in international refereed journals.  He has made presentations, or given courses, in over thirty countries, and has given over one hundred short courses on reliability evaluation to electric power utilities in Canada or abroad.  During his tenure at the University of Saskatchewan over one hundred and thirty five graduate students have received their degrees under his supervision.  He became a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada (RSC) in 1980 and received the University of Saskatchewan Distinguished Researcher Award in October 1993.

    A large portion of his research was conducted while holding important academic responsibilities at the University of Saskatchewan, including serving as the Head of the Department of Electrical Engineering (8 years), Assistant Dean (2 years), Associate Dean (15 years) responsible for Graduate Studies, Research and Extension, and Acting Dean (2 years) of the College of Engineering. Dr. Billinton officially retired and became a Professor Emeritus effective July l, 2003.  Since that time he has been active in conducting research and supervising graduate students either individually or jointly with Professor Rajesh Karki.  He was appointed as a Distinguished Professor Emeritus effective July 2013.

    When Professor Billinton joined the University of Saskatchewan as an Assistant Professor in 1964, one of his assigned tasks was to work with Professor R.J. Fleming to develop a Power System Research Group in the College.  Professor Billinton’s power industry background and earlier reliability research gave him a unique advantage in accomplishing this task and the University of Saskatchewan Power System Research Group was formed and internationally recognized over the next decade.

    Professor Billinton’s research work is international in scope and he has been very active in both the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) and the Canadian Electricity Association (CEA).  He joined the CEA in 1962 while working for Manitoba Hydro and has been continually involved since that time.  He served as Chair of the Power System Reliability Subsection, the System Planning and Operating Section and the Engineering and Operating Division.  He is a founding member of the CEA Consultative Committee on Outage Statistics and served as its Chair for over twenty-five years.  Under his guidance, the CEA has developed and operates, what is arguably the most comprehensive power system outage data collection system in the world.  The Equipment Reliability Information System (ERIS) collects and produces component outage data for generation and transmission systems.  The Electric Power System Performance Assessment (EPSRA) protocols cover bulk system performance assessment, significant power interruptions and service continuity data.  The ERIS and EPSRA methodologies developed for collecting data using a common set of definitions are now accepted as Canadian electric power industry standards.  Both ERIS and EPSRA are national systems that have the strong support of Canada’s electric power utilities.  The models and techniques developed in Professor Billinton’s research program have provided considerable impetus to the development of suitable protocols for component and system outage data collection. His contributions to the CEA and Canada were recognized by giving him the CEA Centennial Award for distinguished service to the Canadian electric power industry in 1991.

    Dr. Billinton has had considerable connection over a long period of time with the IEEE as attested by his Life Fellow status.  He became a Fellow of the IEEE in 1978 based on his research achievements and IEEE activities up to that time.  He joined the Application of Probability Methods (APM) Subcommittee in 1964 and subsequently served a three year term as its Chairman.  He has served on many Task Forces (TF) and Working Groups (WG) over the past fifty years.  These include the Performance Records for Optimizing System Design (PROSD) WG, the T & D Component Outage Data TF, the Deterministic Transmission Criteria TF, the Bulk Power Indices TF (Chair) and numerous others.  His contributions to the APM Subcommittee and its successor the RRPA Subcommittee can be seen in the “History of the Application of Probability Methods (APM) and Reliability, Risk and Probability Applications (RRPA) Subcommittees” on the RRPA SC website.  In addition to his fellowship in the IEEE and the RSC, Professor Billinton is a Fellow of the Engineering Institute of Canada (1981) and the Canadian Academy of Engineering (1999). 

    He has been involved in the development and subsequent creation of three important IEEE Standards in the area of power system reliability assessment.  These are as follows.

    1. IEEE Std. 762  “Standard Definitions for Usage in Reporting Electric Generating Unit Reliability, Availability and Productivity”.
    2. IEEE Std. 859  “IEEE Standard Terms for Reporting and Analyzing Outage Occurrences and Outage States of Electrical Transmission Facilities”.
    3. IEEE Std. 1366  “IEEE Guide for Electric Power Distribution Reliability Indices”.

    His contributions to the above IEEE Standard developments, the CEA ERIS and EPSRA systems and the research and development of reliability models were recognized by the IEEE by presenting Professor Billinton with the Charles Proteus Steinmetz Award in 2008.

    Dr. Billinton’s research work and related industrial activities have provided considerable assistance in the development of models, methods and standards for component and system reliability assessment.  Consistent collection of data based on practical definitions and standards is essential as it forms the input to relevant models, equations and techniques.  Consistent data is also required to continuously monitor the performance of an electric power system and to measure its ability to provide reliable service to its customers.  As shown in his publication record, Professor Billinton’s research covers a wide area that includes the probabilistic evaluation of transient stability, overall system reliability incorporating a hierarchical framework, common cause and dependent system outages, adverse weather outage models and the development of the Roy Billinton Test System (RBTS).  He was a co-founder of the Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems (PMAPS) International Society in 1997 and served on the Board of the Society as a Director and Chair until 2016.

    In addition to his international research activities, Professor Billinton served the College of Engineering as Executive Director of the U of S/CIDA Inner Mongolia Engineering College Project and as the U of S Member on the CIDA/Nepal Engineering College Consortium.  He served as Chair of the Consortium for several years.  His contributions to international activities at the U of S were recognized by presenting him with the J.W. George Ivany Internationalization Award in 2000.

    Professor Billinton has received a number of awards for his research on power system reliability assessment and the practical application of these concepts in generation, transmission and distribution systems.  These awards include the IEEE Canada McNaughton Gold Medal in 1994, and the IEEE Canada Power Medal in 2008.  His teaching skills have been recognized by receiving the IEEE Outstanding Power Engineer Educator Award in 1992 and the IEEE Canada Outstanding Engineer Educator Award in 2001. 

    His research contributions have been recognized by the following two distinct and important awards.

    The Roy Billinton Power System Reliability Award was initiated in 2010 by the IEEE Power & Energy Society to honor Professor Billinton and “to recognize outstanding individuals for their contributions to reliability of electric power systems”. 

    Election to United States National Academy of Engineering membership is considered to be one of the highest professional honors accorded an engineer.  Professor Billinton was elected a Foreign Associate in 2007 for “contributions to teaching, research and application of reliability engineering in electric power generation, transmission, and distribution systems”.

    Publications

    BOOKS:

    1.    "Power System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton.  Gordon and Breach Science Publishers Ltd., New York, 1970.

    2.    "Power System Reliability Calculations", R. Billinton, R.J. Ringlee, A.J. Wood.  MIT Press, Massachusetts, 1973.

    3.    "System Reliability Modelling and Evaluation", C. Singh, R. Billinton.  Hutchinson Educational Press, London, 1977.

    4.    "Reliability Evaluation of Engineering Systems", R. Billinton, R.N. Allan.  Plenum Press, New York, 1983. Second Edition 1992.

    5.    "Reliability Evaluation of Power Systems", R. Billinton, R.N. Allan.  Plenum Press, New York, 1984. Second Edition 1996.

    6.    "Reliability Assessment of Large Electric Power Systems", R. Billinton, R.N. Allan.  Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell, Mass., 1988.

    7.    "Applied Reliability Assessment In Electric Power Systems", R. Billinton, R.N. Allan, L. Salvaderi.  IEEE Press, New York, 1991.

    8.    "Reliability Assessment of Electric Power Systems Using Monte Carlo Methods", R. Billinton, W. Li.  Plenum Press, New York, 1994.

    9.    “Reliability and Risk Evaluation of Wind Integrated Power Systems”, R. Billinton, R. Karki, A.K. Verma, Springer Series on Reliable and Sustainable Electric Power and Energy Systems Management, 2013

    10.  “Reliability Modeling and Analysis of Smart Power Systems”, R. Karki, R. Billinton, A.K. Verma, Springer Series on Reliable and Sustainable Electric Power and Energy Systems, 2014.

    PUBLICATIONS:

    1.              "Optimum Operation Of The Southern Manitoba Power System", M.Z. Tarnawecky, R. Billinton.  CEA Meeting, March 1961, Victoria, B.C.

    2.              "The Application Of A Transmission Loss Formula In The Combined Southern Manitoba System",          M.Z. Tarnawecky, R. Billinton, W.D. Buhr.  Transactions CEA, Volume 2, Part IV, 1963.

    3.              "Service Continuity Statistics", R. Billinton.  Transactions CEA, Volume 2, Part IV, 1963.

    4.              "Application Of Probability Techniques In The Evaluation Of Generating Capacity Requirements",              R. Billinton.  Transactions CEA, Volume 3, Part III, 1964.

    5.              "Report on the Questionnaire on System Generating Capaity Planning”, R. Billinton.  CEA Power System Reliability Committee, Fall Meeting, 1964.

    6.              "Bibliography On Application Of Probability Methods In The Evaluation Of Generating Capacity Requirements", R. Billinton.  Paper No. 31 CP 66-62, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1966 Winter Power Meeting, New York, N.Y.

    7.              "Distributed Representation Of The Forced Outage Probability Value In Generating Capacity Reliability Studies", R. Billinton.  Paper No. 31 CP 66-61, Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, 1966 Winter Power Meeting,  New York, N.Y.

    8.              "Effect Of Generating Unit Transformers In System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton.  Transactions CEA, Volume 5, Part III, 1966.

    9.              "Transmission Reliability Evaluation Using Markov Processes", R. Billinton, K.E. Bollinger.  Transactions IEEE, Vol. PAS-87, Number 2, pp. 538-547, February 1968.

    10.            "Transmission System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton.  Transactions CEA, Volume 6, Part II, Paper No. 67-SP-121, 1967.

    11.            "Loss Of Load Probability Approach To The Evaluation Of Generating Capacity Reliability Of Two Interconnected Systems", R. Billinton, M.P. Bhavaraju.  Transactions CEA, Volume 6, Part II, Paper No. 67-SP-126, 1967.

    12.            "Generating Capacity Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, M.P. Bhavaraju.  Engineering Institute Of Canada Transactions, EIC-67-ELEC 8, Volume 10, Number C.5, October 1967.

    13.            "Generating Capacity Planning In Canada", R. Billinton, C.J. Goodwin.  Institute of Electrical Engineers Conference Transactions, "Economics of Reliability of Supply", October 1967, London, England.

    14.            "Determination Of Spinning Spare Requirements Using Probability Mathematics", R. Billinton, M.P. Musick.  Institute of Electrical Engineers Conference Transactions, "Economics of Reliability of Supply", October 1967, London, England.

    15.            "Spinning Reserve Criteria In A Hydro Thermal System By The Application Of Probability Mathematics",    R. Billinton, M.P. Musick.  Journal of Engineering Institute of Canada, October 1965

    16.            "Direct Current Transmission System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, M.S. Sachdev.  Transactions CEA, Volume 7, Part III, Paper No. SP-170, 1968.

    17.            "Composite System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton.  Transactions IEEE, Volume PAS-88, Number 4, pp. 276-281, April 1969.

    18.            "Electric Power System Studies At The University Of Saskatchewan", R. Billinton, R.J. Fleming.  Journal of the Engineering Institute of Canada, June 1966.

    19.            "Outage Rate Confidence Levels In Static And Spinning Reserve Evaluation", R. Billinton, M.P. Bhavaraju.  Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, Paper No. 68-CP-608-PWR, 1968 Summer Power Meeting, Chicago, Ill.

    20.            "Techniques In Power System Transient Stability Analysis Using Digital Computers", R. Billinton,           G.B. Davidson.  Journal of the Engineering Institute of Canada, October 1968.

    21.            "Steady State Analysis Of Power Systems Containing Series Compensated Transmission Lines", R. Billinton, M.S. Sachdev.  Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, Paper No. 68-CP-685-PWR, 1968 Summer Power Meeting, Chicago, Ill.

    22.            "Digital Representation Of System Loads", R. Billinton, G.B. Davidson.  Transactions CEA, Volume 7, Part III, Paper No. 68-SP-161, 1968.

    23.            "Reliability Engineering", R. Billinton.  The Saskatchewan Engineer 1968.  This paper was also presented to the N.R.C. Joint Committee on Automatic Control - Western Group Meeting, Pinawa, Manitoba, October 1968.

    24.            "Graphical Solution Of D.C. Transmission Lines And Rectifier And Inverter Stations", R. Billinton,         M.S. Sachdev.  Annual General Meeting of the EIC, May 1968, Halifax.

    25.            "Numerical Methods Applied To Power System Load Flow Studies", R.Billinton, D.C. Chan.  Transactions CEA, Volume 8, Part III, Paper No. 69-SP-165, 1969.

    26.            "Power System Interconnection Benefits", R. Billinton, M.P. Bhavaraju, P. Thompson.  Transactions CEA, Volume 8, Part III, Paper No. 69-SP-169, 1969.

    27.            "Quantitative Power System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Third Power System Computational Conference, June 1969, Rome, Italy.

    28.            "Transmission Planning Using A Quantitative Reliability Criterion", R. Billinton, M.P. Bhavaraju.  Proceedings of the Sixth PICA Conference,  May 1969, Denver, Col.

    29.            "How Many Spare Transformers Spell Reliability", R. Billinton, V. Prasad.  Electrical World, October 20, 1969.

    30.            "Transmission Planning Using A Reliability Criterion. Part I, A Reliability Criterion", R. Billinton,            M.P. Bhavaraju.  IEEE Transactions PAS-89 No. 1, January 1970, pp. 28-34.

    31.            "Power System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton.  International Journal of Electrical Engineering Education, Vol. 8, No. 6, November 1970.

    32.            "The Computer Development Of Transmission Loss Formulae And The Effect Of Various Assumptions On The Loss Coefficients", B.S. Sandhu, R. Billinton.  Transactions of the E.I.C. Journal, Vol. 53, No. 10, October 1970.

    33.            "Confidence Levels In The Collection Of Generating Unit Outage Data", R. Billinton.  Transactions CEA, Volume 9, Part III, Paper No. 70-SP-140, 1970.

    34.            "Reliability Techniques Applied To Transmission Planning", R. Billinton, E. Zaleski.  Transactions CEA, Volume 9, Part III, Paper No. 70-SP-156, 1970.

    35.            "Quantitative Evaluation Of System Spinning Reserves", R. Billinton, A.V. Jain.  Transactions CEA, Volume 9, Part III, Paper No. 70-SP-149, 1970.

    36.            "Steady-State Analysis Of Composite AC-DC Systems", M.S. Sachdev, R. Billinton.  Transactions CEA, Volume 9, Part III, Paper No. 70-SP-158, 1970.

    37.            "Determination Of Transmission Line Ampacities By Probability And Numerical Methods", D.O. Koval,      R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions PAS-89, No. 7, Sept/Oct 1970, pp 1485-1492.

    38.            "Transmission Planning Using A Reliability Criterion - Part II Transmission Planning", M.P. Bhavaraju,       R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions PAS-90, No. 1, Jan/Feb 1971, pp 70-78.

    39.            "Quantitative Reliability Assessment Of Spare Single-Phase Transformers In Three-Phase Installations",      R. Billinton, V. Prasad.  Transactions CEA, Volume 9, Part III, Paper No. 70-SP-157, 1970.

    40.            "Quantitative Reliability Analysis Of HVDC Transmission Systems Part I Spare Valve Assessment In Mercury Arc Bridge Configurations", R. Billinton, V. Prasad.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-90, No. 3, May/June 1971, pp 1034-1046.

    41.            "Quantitative Reliability Analysis Of HVDC Transmission Systems Part II Composite System Analysis",      R. Billinton, V. Prasad.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-90, No. 3, May/June 1971, pp 1047-1054.

    42.            "Generating Capacity Benefits Associated With Power System Interconnections", R. Billinton, P. Thompson.  EIC Journal, Vol. 54, No. 10, October 1971.

    43.            "Trends In Power System Optimal Operation", R. Billinton, S.S. Sachdeva.  Transactions of the E.I.C. Journal, Vol. 54, No. 7, July 1971.

    44.            "Generating Capacity Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton.  IEEE Special Publication "Application of Probability Methods In Reliability Evaluation".  Tutorial Session, 1971 IEEE Winter Power Meeting.  Transactions CEA Volume 10, Part 4, Paper No. 71-SP-147.

    45.            "Unit Derating Levels In Spinning Reserve Studies", R. Billinton, A.V. Jain.  IEEE Transactions PAS-90, No. 4, July/Aug. 1971, pp. 1677-1687.

    46.            "Generating Capacity Reliability Evaluation In Interconnected Systems Using A Frequency And Duration Approach, Part I, Mathematical Analysis", R. Billinton, C. Singh.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-90, No. 4, July/Aug. 1971, pp. 1646-1654.

    47.            "Generating Capacity Reliability Evaluation In Interconnected Systems Using A Frequency And Duration Approach, Part II, System Applications", R. Billinton, C. Singh.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-90, No. 4, July/Aug. 1971, pp. 1954-1664.

    48.            "Unbalanced Faults In Series Compensated Transmission Lines" M.S. Sachdev, R. Billinton, IEEE Transactions PAS-90, No. 5, September/October 1971, pp. 2193-2198.

    49.            "Practical Application Of The Frequency And Duration Method Of Generating Capacity Reliability Evaluation", C. Singh, R. Billinton.  Proceedings, 1971 PICA Conference, May 1971, Boston.

    50.            "Computer Solution Of Faulted Series Compensated Transmission Lines", M.S. Sachdev, R. Billinton.  IEEE Paper No. 71 CP 631-PWR, IEEE Summer Power Meeting, Portland, 1971.

    51.            "Models And Techniques For Evaluating Power Plant Auxiliary Equipment Reliability", R. Billinton,          R.J. Ringlee.  Joint Power Generation Conference, September 1971, St. Louis, Mo.

    52.            "Generating System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, A.V. Jain, C. Singh.  Pan-American Electrical and Mechanical Engineering Conference, COPIMERA-71, Lima Peru, November 1971.

    53.            "Optimal Real And Reactive Power Operation In A Hydro Thermal System", R. Billinton, S.S. Sachdeva.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-91, No. 2, July/August 1972, pp. 1405-1411.

    54.            "Interconnected System Spinning Reserve Requirements", R. Billinton, A.V. Jain.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-91, No. 2, March/April 1972, pp. 517-525.

    55.            "The Effect Of Rapid Start And Hot Reserve Units In Spinning Reserve Studies", R. Billinton, A.V. Jain.  IEEE Transactions PAS-91, No. 2, March/April 1972, pp. 511-516.

    56.            "The Frequency And Duration Method Of Generating Capacity Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton,            C. Singh.  Engineering Journal, March 1972, Vol. 55/3.

    57.            "Bibliography On The Application Of Probability Methods In Power System Reliability Evaluation",            R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions PAS-91, No. 2, March/April 1972, pp. 649-660.

    58.            "Transmission System Reliability Methods", R. Billinton, M.P. Bhavaraju, IEEE Transactions, PAS-91, No. 2, March/April 1972, pp. 638-637.

    59.            "Reliability Models For Generating Unit Peaking Equipment", R. Billinton, Transactions CEA, Volume II, Part 3, Paper No. 72 SP-140.

    60.            "Maintenance Considerations From A Reliability Viewpoint", R. Billinton, R.J. Bolton.  Transactions CEA Volume II, Part 1, Paper No. 72-A-60.

    61.            "Generating Capacity Reliability Evaluation In Interconnected Systems Using A Frequency And Duration Approach - Part III - Correlated Load Models", R. Billinton, C. Singh.  IEEE Transactions PAS 91, September/October 1972, pp. 2143-2153.

    62.            "Boundaries Of Normal Operating Conditions", R. Billinton.  Transactions CEA, Volume II, Part 3, Paper No. 72-SP-144.

    63.            "A New Modified Newton's Method For Load Flow Analysis", R. Billinton, K.E. Bollinger, S.B. Dhar.  1972 IEEE Winter Power Meeting, Paper No. C 72 004-5, New York.

    64.            "System Load Representation In Generating Capacity Reliability Studies - Part I - Model Formulation And Analysis", R. Billinton, C. Singh.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-91, September/October 1972, pp. 2125-2132.

    65.            "System Load Representation In Generating Capacity Reliability Studies - Part II - Applications And Extensions", R. Billinton, C. Singh.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-91, September/October 1972, pp. 2133-2142.

    66.            "Optimum Real And Reactive Power Dispatch Models", R. Billinton, S.S. Sachdeva.  CEA Transactions, Volume II, Part 3, Paper No. 72-SP-152.

    67.            "Power System Spinning Reserve Determination In A Multi System Configuration", R. Billinton, A.V. Jain.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-92, March/April 1972, pp. 433-441.

    68.            "Reliability Evaluation In Large Transmission Systems", R. Billinton, C. Singh.  IEEE Summer Power Meeting, Paper No. C 72-475-2.

    69.            "Reliability Evaluation In Systems With Non-Exponential Down Times", R. Billinton, C. Singh.  Proceedings 1972 NATO Conference, Testing and Reliability Evaluation, The Hague, Holland, September 1972.

    70.            "Static Generating Capacity Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, C. Singh.  Proceedings Fourth Power Systems Computational Conference, Grenoble, France, September 1972.

    71.            "Operating Generating Capacity Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, A.V. Jain.  Proceedings Fourth Power Systems Computational Conference, Grenoble, France, September 1972.

    72.            "Reliability Implications In System Design", R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Helsinki Conference on Power System Reliability Evaluation, September 1972, Helsinki, Finland.

    73.            "Generating Capacity Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, A.V. Jain, C. Singh.  Proceedings of the Helsinki Conference on Power System Reliability Evaluation, September 1972, Helsinki, Finland.

    74.            "Subsystem Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Helsinki Conference on Power System Reliability Evaluation, September 1972, Helsinki, Finland.

    75.            "Real And Reactive Power Optimization By Suboptimum Techniques", R. Billinton, S.S. Sachdeva.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-92, May/June 1973, pp. 950-956.

    76.            "Reliability Modelling In Systems With Non-Exponential Down Time Distributions", R. Billinton, C. Singh.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-92, March/April 1973, pp. 790-800.

    77.            "Practical Applications Of Reliability And Maintainability Concepts To Generating Stations Design",           R. Billinton, J. Krasnodebski.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-92, No. 6, Nov/Dec. 1973, pp 1814-1824.

    78.            "A Frequency And Duration Approach To Short Term Reliability Evaluations", R. Billinton, C. Singh.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-92, No. 6, Nov/Dec 1973.

    79.            "Unit Commitment Reliability In A Hydro-Thermal System", R. Billinton, A.V. Jain.  1973 IEEE Winter Power Meeting, Paper No. C 73 096-5.

    80.            "Spinning Reserve Allocation In A Complex Power System", R. Billinton, A.V. Jain.  1973 IEEE Winter Power Meeting, Paper No. C 73 097-3.

    81.            "Optimum Network VAr Planning By Nonlinear Programming", R. Billinton, S.S. Sachdeva.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-92, July/August 1973, pp. 1217-1225.

    82.            "The Role of Universities In Power Development", R.J. Fleming, R. Billinton.  Journal, Engineering Institute of Canada, February 1973.

    83.            "Unit Commitment In Hydro-Thermal Systems", A.V. Jain, R. Billinton.  CEA Transactions, 1973, Part III, Paper No. 73-SP-150.

    84.            "Reliability And Maintainability In The Design Phase Of A Generating Station", R. Billinton, J. Bobyn,         J. Krasnodebski.  CEA Transactions, 1973, Part III, Paper No. 73-SP-152.

    85.            "Economics And Reliability Assessments For Extra High Voltage Long Distance Transmission Lines",      A.N. Karras, R. Billinton.  CEA Transactions, 1973, Part III, Paper No. 73-SP-144.

    86.            "Optimum Network VAr Planning Using Real And Reactive Power Decomposition Non-Linear Analysis", S.S. Sachdeva, R. Billinton.  Paper No. XI-B, Proceedings of the 1973 PICA Conference, pp. 339-347.

    87.            "Reliability Modelling Using The Device Of Stages", C. Singh, R. Billinton, S.Y. Lee.  Paper No. TP 1-A, Proceedings of the 1973 PICA Conference, pp. 22-30.

    88.            "Reliable Loading Of Generating Units For System Operation", A.V. Jain, R. Billinton.  Paper No. TP VIII-A, Proceedings of the 1973 PICA Conference, pp. 221-229.

    89.            "Power System Reliability Indices", R. Billinton.  Nato Advanced Study Institute, July 1973, Liverpool, England.

    90.            "Transportation System Reliability Assessment", C. Singh, R. Billinton, J. Parker.  Second Intersociety Conference on Transportation, Denver, Colorado, September 1973.

    91.            "A New Method To Determine The Failure Frequency Of A Complex System", C. Singh, R. Billinton.  Microelectronics and Reliability, Vol. 12, pp. 459-465, Pergamon Press, 1973.

    92.            "Digital Computer Technique For Evaluating The Performance Of Parallel AC-DC Transmission Links", M.S. Sachdev, R. Billinton.  Rourkee Symposium on D.C. System Technology, December 1973, Rourkee, India.

    93.            "A Fast Load Flow Technique", M.S. Sachdev, S.A. Ibrahim, R. Billinton.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 13, Pt. 3, 1974.

    94.            "Transmission System Reliability Studies", R. Billinton, M.S. Grover, M.S. Sachdev.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 13, Pt. 3, 1974, Paper No. 74-SP-156.

    95.            "Substation And Switching Station Reliability Evaluation", M.S. Grover, R. Billinton. CEA Transactions, Vol. 13, Pt. 3, 1974, Paper No. 74-SP-153.

    96.            "Distribution System Reliability Assessment", M.S. Grover, R. Billinton.  CEA Spring Meeting, Montreal, March 1974.

    97.            "Availability Analysis Of A Heat Transport Pump Configuration Using Markov Models", R. Billinton,       S.Y. Lee.  Specialist Conference on the Applications of Reliability Concepts to Nuclear Plant Design, Liverpool, England, April 1974.

    98.            "Effect Of Partial Outage Representation In Generating System Planning Studies", R. Billinton, A.V. Jain,    C. MacGowan.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-93, September/October 1974, pp. 1252-1259.

    99.            "A Computerized Approach To Substation And Switching Station Reliability Evaluation", M.S. Grover,      R. Billinton, IEEE Transactions, PAS-93, September/October, 1974, pp. 1488-1497.

    100.         "Some Basic Concepts In Optimal Power System Operation", S.S. Sachdeva, R. Billinton.  C 74 376-0, IEEE 1974 Summer Power Meeting, Anaheim, California.

    101.         "Reliability Cost In System Operation", A.V. Jain, R. Billinton.  C74 314-1, IEEE 1974 Summer Power Meeting, Anaheim, California.

    102.         "Reliability Evaluation Of Power Transmission Network Models And Methods", J. Endrenyi, R. Billinton.  CIGRE - International Conference on Large High Voltage Electric Systems, Paris, France, August 1974.

    103.         "Modified Form Of Newtons Method For Faster Load Flow Solutions", A.K. Laha, K.E. Bollinger,             R. Billinton, S.B. Dhar.  Proc. IEE, Vol. 121, No. 8, August 1974.

    104.         "A New Method To Determine The Failure Frequency Of A Complex System", C. Singh, R. Billinton.  IEEE Trans. on Reliability, Oct. 1974, pp. 231-234.

    105.         "Quantitative Evaluation Of Maintenance Policies In Distribution Systems", M.S. Grover, R. Billinton.  IEEE Winter Power Meeting, January 1975, paper no. C 75 112-8.

    106.         "Frequency And Duration Concepts In System Reliability Evaluation", C. Singh, R. Billinton.  IEEE Trans. on Reliability, April 1975, pp. 31-36.

    107.         "Quantitative Evaluation Of Permanent Outages In Distribution Systems", R. Billinton, M.S. Grover.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-75, May/June, 1975, pp. 733-741.

    108.         "Reliability Assessment Of Transmission And Distribution Schemes", R. Billinton, M.S. Grover.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-75, May/June 1975, pp. 724-732.

    109.         "Reliability Techniques In Generation Planning", R. Billinton, P. Thompson, J. Voss.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 14, Part 3, Paper No. 75-SP-141.

    110.         "A Sequential Method For Reliability Analysis Of Distribution And Transmission Systems", R. Billinton, M.S. Grover.  Proceedings of the 1975 Annual Reliability and Maintainability Symposium, January 1975, Washington.

    111.         "Reliability Evaluation In Distribution And Transmission Systems", R. Billinton, M.S. Grover.  Proceedings IEE, Vol. 122, No. 5, May 1975.

    112.         "Definitions Of Customer And Load Reliability Indices For Evaluating Electric Power System Performance", Working Group on Performance Records for Optimizing System Design.  IEEE Summer Power Meeting, Paper No. A 75 588-4, San Francisco, July 1975.

    113.         "Generating Station Availability Data Requirements", R. Billinton, J. Krasnodebski.  The 1975 Joint Power Conference, Portland, Oregon, September 1975.  IEEE Special Publication - Catalogue No. 75 CH 1042-1PWR.

    114.         "Computational Aspects Of Substation Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, M.S. Grover, Vol. I, Proceedings of the Fifth Power System Computational Conference, Sept. 1975, Cambridge, England.

    115.         "Reliability Assessment Of Power System Networks", R.N. Allan, R. Billinton, M.F. De Olivera.  Vol. I, Proceedings of the Fifth Power System Computational Conference, September 1975, Cambridge, England.

    116.         "A Review Of The Techniques For Forecasting Power And Energy Demands", M.S. Sachdev, R. Billinton.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 15, Part 2, Paper No. 76-SP-141.

    117.         "Evaluating The Reliability Of Auxiliary Electrical Systems Of Generating Stations", R.N. Allan,               M.F. De Olivera, R. Billinton.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 15, Part 3, paper No. 76-T-226.

    118.         "Elements Of Composite System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, CEA Transactions, Vol. 15, Part 2, Paper No. 76-SP-148.

    119.         "The Fletcher-Powell Approach For Large Power System Optimization", R. Billinton, S.S. Sachdeva.  Canadian Elec. Eng. Journal, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1976.

    120.         "Reliability And Maintainability In Nuclear Power Generation - Viewpoint Of A Utility", J. Krasnodebski,    R. Billinton.  Society of Reliability Engineers, Symposium on Reliability Engineering, 1976, Ottawa.

    121.         "Reliability Evaluation Of Electrical Systems With Switching Actions", R.N. Allan, R. Billinton,                M.F. De Oliveira.  Proceedings of the IEE, Vol. 123, No. 4, April 1976.

    122.         "Quantitative Evaluation Of Overload Outage Conditions In Substation And Subtransmission Systems",  M.S. Grover, R. Billinton.  IEEE Winter Power Meeting, Paper No. A 76 166-9, January 1976, New York.  IEEE Publication CH 1075-1-PWR.

    123.         "Common Mode Forced Outages Of Overhead Transmission Lines", Task Force of the IEEE Application of Probability Methods Subcommittee.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-95, No. 3, May/June 1976, pp. 859-863.

    124.         "List Of Transmission And Distribution Components For Use In Outage Reporting And Reliability Calculations", Working Group on Performance Records for Optimizing System Design, IEEE Transactions, PAS-95, No. 4, July/August 1976, pp. 1210-1215.

    125.         "Unit Derating Levels In Generating Capacity Evaluation", R. Billinton, P.R.S. Kuruganty, M. Yelland.  Proceedings Third Annual Reliability Engineering Conference For The Electric Power Industry, Montreal, September 1976.

    126.         "The Reliability Challenge", R. Billinton.  Proceedings Third Annual Reliability Engineering Conference for the Electric Power Industry, Montreal, September 1976.

    127.         "Load Modelling In Power System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, J. Endrenyi.  IEEE Paper No. A 76 305-3.  IEEE Summer Power Meeting, 1976, Portland.  IEEE Publication 76 CH 1135-3 PWR.

    128.         "An Efficient Algorithm For Deducing The Minimal Cuts And Reliability Indices Of A General Network Configuration", R.N. Allan, R. Billinton, M.F. De Oliveira.  IEEE Transactions on Reliability, Vol. R-25, No. 4, October 1976.

    129.         "Unavailability Analysis Of An Underwater Cable System", R. Billinton, S.Y. Lee.  IEEE Transactions    PAS-77, January/February 1977, pp. 27-31.

    130.         "Application Of Reliability Concepts In The Selection Of Transformers For Large Generating Units And Stations", R. Billinton, D.O. Koval, D.R. Croteau, R.S. Weaver, V. Prasad.  IEEE Paper No. A 77 085-4, 1977 Winter Power Meeting, New York.  IEEE Publication 77 CH 1190-8-PWR.

    131.         "Evaluation Of Distribution Circuit Reliability", D.O. Koval, R. Billinton.  1977 Winter Power Meeting, New York.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-79, March/April 1979, pp. 504-519.

    132.         "Operating Capacity Reliability Assessment", R. Billinton, P.G. Harrington.  Reliability of Power Supply Systems.  IEE Conference Publication Number 148, February 1977.

    133.         "Reliability Effects Of The Electrical Auxiliary Systems In Power Stations", R.N. Allan, M.F. De Olivera, J.A. Chambers and R. Billinton.  IEE Conference Publication No. 148, February 1977.

    134.         "Representative Bibliography Of Load Forecasting", M.S. Sachdev, R. Billinton, C.A. Peterson.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-77, March/April 1977, pp. 697-700.

    135.         "Calculation Of Reliability Worth", R. Billinton, D.O. Koval and M.S.  Grover.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 16, Part 3, Paper No. 77-SP-143.

    136.         "Second Order Load Flow Techniques", M.S. Sachdev, T.K.P. Medicherla and R. Billinton.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 16, Part 3, Paper No. 77-SP-145.

    137.         "Reliability Modelling Of Electrical Auxiliary Systems In Nuclear Power Stations", R. Billinton, R.N. Allan, M.F. De Olivera.  Nuclear Systems Reliability Engineering and Risk Assessment, (book) SIAM 1977 International Conference, Gatlenberg, Tennessee, June, 1977.

    138.         "Optimization Of Service Policy In A Time Dependent m/m/1 Queueing System Using Optimal Control Theory", M. Alam and R. Billinton.  Proceedings National Systems Conference, June 2-4, 1977, Coimbatore, India.

    139.         "The Method Of Stages For Non-Markov Models", C. Singh, R. Billinton, S.Y. Lee.  IEEE Transactions on Reliability, Vol. R-26, No. 2, June 1977.

    140.         "Evaluation Of Elements Of Distribution Circuit Outage Durations", D.O. Koval, R. Billinton.  IEEE Paper No. A77 685-1.  1977 Summer Power Meeting, Mexico City.  IEEE Publication 77 CH 1193-2-PWR.

    141.         "Reliability Evaluation Of The Auxiliary Electrical Systems Of Power Stations", R.N. Allan, R. Billinton, M.F. De Olivera.  IEEE Winter Power Meeting, New York, IEEE Transactions PAS-96, No. 5, September/October 1977, pp. 1441-1450.

    142.         "Outage Postponability Effects In Operating Capacity Reliability Studies", R. Billinton and M. Alam.  IEEE Paper No. A 78 064-8.  1978 Winter Power Meeting, N.Y.  IEEE Publication 78 CH 1295-5-PWR.

    143.         "Composite Generation and Transmission System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, T.K.P. Medicherla and M.S. Sachdev.  IEEE Paper No. A 78, 237-0, 1978 Winter Power Meeting, N.Y., IEEE Publication 78 CH1295-5-PWR.

    144.         "Transmission System Reliability Models", R. Billinton, Proceedings EPRI Conference on Power System Reliability Research Needs and Priorities, Asilomar, California, March 5-9, 1978, EPRI WS-77-60.

    145.         "The CEA Generation andTransmission Outage Reporting Procedure", R. Billinton, M.B. Guertin.  Proceedings EPRI Conference on Power System Reliability Research Needs and Priorities, Asilomar, California, March 5-9, 1978.  EPRI WS-77-60.

    146.         "Energy Considerations In Generating Capacity Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 17, Part 3, Paper No. 78-SP-147.

    147.         "Reliability Assessment Of A Static Excitation System", R. Billinton, R. Fleming, M. Alam, R. Winsor.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 17, Part 3, Paper No. 78-SP-146.

    148.         "Reliability Of Power Supplies", R. Billinton.  IEE Electronics And Power, April 1978, pp. 307-310.

    149.         "Power System Reliability Evaluation - A Large System Problem", R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Large Engineering Systems, Waterloo, Ontario, May 1978, Sandford Educational Press.  Journal of Combinationatorics, Information & Systm Sciences, Vol. ;6, No. 1, pp. 81-05.

    150.         "Reliability Criteria Used By Canadian Utilities In Generating Capacity Planning And Operation",                R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions PAS-97, No. 4, July/August 1978, pp. 1097-1103.

    151.         "Common-Cause Outages In Multiple Circuit Transmission Lines", R. Billinton, T.K.P. Medicherla,         M.S. Sachdev.  IEEE Transactions On Reliability, Vol. R-27, No. 2, June 1978, pp. 128-131.

    152.         "Evaluating The Effects Of Isolation-Restoration Procedures On Distribution Circuit Reliability Indices", D.O. Koval, R. Billinton, IEEE Summer Power Meeting, July 1978, Paper No. A 78 512-6.

    153.         "Reliability Indices For Use In Bulk Power Supply Adequacy Evaluation", IEEE Working Group on Performance Records for Optimizing System Design.  IEEE Transactions PAS-97, No. 4, July/August 1978, pp. 1097-1103.

    154.         "A Probabilistic Approach To The Transient Stability Assessment Of A Power  System", R. Billinton,    P.R.S. Kuruganty.  Proceedings Canadian Communications and Power Conference, October 1978, IEEE Cat. No. 78 CH 1373-0 REG 7.

    155.         "A Line Overload Alleviation Technique For Composite System Reliability Studies", R. Billinton,         T.K.P. Medicherla, M.S. Sachdev.  Proceedings Canadian Communications and Power Conference, October 1978, IEEE Cat. No. 78 CH 1373-0 REG 7.

    156.         "Evaluation Of Reliability Worth In Distribution Systems", R. Billinton, D.O. Koval.  Proceedings Sixth Power Systems Computational Conference, Darmstadt, Germany, August 1978, IPC Science and Technology Press.

    157.         "Graduate Teaching And Research In Power Engineering At The University Of Saskatchewan", R.J. Fleming, R. Billinton, M.S. Sachdev.  IEEE Transactions on Education, Vol. E-21, No. 3, August 1978.

    158.         "Reliability Evaluation In Energy Limited Generating Capacity Studies", R. Billinton, P.G. Harrington.  IEEE Transactions PAS-97, No. 6, November/December 1978, pp. 2076-2086.

    159.         "Effect Of Restricted Repair On System Reliability Indices", R. Billinton, M. Alam.  IEEE Transactions on Reliability, Vol. R-27, No. 5, December 1978, pp. 376-379.

    160.         "Considerations In Including Uncertainty In LOLE Calculations For Practical Systems", R. Billinton,             G. Hamoud.  IEEE Winter Power Meeting, February 1979, paper No. A 79 075-3.

    161.         "Adequacy Indices For Composite Generation And Transmission System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, T.K.P. Medicherla, M.S. Sachdev.  IEEE Winter Power Meeting, February 1979, paper No. A 79 024-1.

    162.         "Statistical And Analytical Evaluation Of The Duration And Cost Of Consumers Interruptions", D.O. Koval, R. Billinton.  IEEE Winter Power Meeting, February 1979, Paper No. A 79 057-1.

    163.         "Inclusion Of Probability Considerations In Transient Stability Analysis", R. Billinton, P.R.S. Kuruganty.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 18, Part 3, Paper No. 79-SP-154.

    164.         "Reliability Evaluation Using Monte Carlo Simulation", R. Billinton, G.A. Hamoud, M.M. Jamali.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 18, Part 4, paper No. 79-SP-168.

    165.         "Cost Of Power Interruptions - A Users Viewpoint", M.P. Bhavaraju, R. Billinton.  Proceedings, 1979 Reliability Conference for the Electric Power Industry, ASQC, 1979.

    166.         "Probabilistic Evaluation Of Transient Stability In A Multimachine Power System", R. Billinton, P.R.S. Kuruganty.  Proceedings IEE Vol. 126 No. 4, April 1979. pp. 321-326.

    167.         "An Approximate Method For Probabilistic Assessment Of Transient Stability", R. Billinton,                  P.R.S. Kuruganty, M.F. Carvalho.  IEEE Transactions on Reliability, Vol. R-28, No. 3, August 1979,        pp. 255-258.

    168.         "Probabilistic Considerations In Transient Stability Assessment", R. Billinton, P.R.S. Kuruganty.  Canadian Electrical Eng. Journal, Vol. 4, No. 2, 1979. pp. 26-30.

    169.         "A Linear Load Flow Technique For Power System Reliability Studies", T.K.P. Medicherla, M.S. Sachdev,     R. Billinton.  Canadian Electrical Eng. Journal, Vol. 4, No. 3, 1979. pp. 17-21.

    170.         "Transient Security Assessment Of A Power System - A Probabilistic Approach", R. Billinton, P.R.S. Kuruganty.  Proceedings IFAC Symposium On Computer Applications In Large Scale Power Systems,     New Delhi, August 1979.

    171.         "Application And Comparison Of Generating Capacity Reliability Indices", R. Billinton, M.S. Jamali.  International Electrical and Electronics Conference and Exposition.Conference Digest IEEE Cat. No. 79   CH 1473-8 REG 7, October 1979, pp. 8-9.

    172.         "Generation Rescheduling And Load Shedding To Alleviate Line Overloads - Analysis", T.K.P. Medicherla, R. Billinton, M.S. Sachdev.  IEEE Transactions PAS-98, No. 6, Nov./Dec. 1979, pp. 1876-1885.

    173.         "IEEE Reliability Test System", P.F. Albrecht, M.F. Bhavaraju, B.E. Biggerstaff, R. Billinton, G. Jorgenson, N.D. Reppen, P.B. Shortley.  IEEE Transactions PAS-98, No. 6, Nov/Dec 1979.

    174.         "A Probabilistic Index For Transient Stability", R. Billinton, P.R.S. Kuruganty.  IEEE Transactions PAS-99, No. 1, Jan./Feb. 1980, pp. 195-207.

    175.         "Overall Approach To The Reliability Evaluation Of Composite Generation And Transmission Systems",      R. Billinton, T.K.P. Medicherla, IEE  Proc., Vol. 127, Pt. C, No. 2, March 1980.

    176.         "Common Mode And Adverse Weather Considerations In Transmission Line Reliability Models", R. Billinton and Y. Kumar.  CEA Transactions, Volume 19, 1980.

    177.         "Integrated Distribution System Reliability Evaluation Part I - Current Practices", J.E.D. Northcote-Green, T.D. Vismor, C.L. Brooks, R. Billinton.  CEA Transactions, Volume 19, 1980.

    178.         "Integrated Distribution System Reliability Evaluation Part II - The Models", T.D. Vismore, C.L. Brooks, S.J. Kostyal, R. Billinton.  CEA Transactions, Volume 19, 1980.

    179.         "Probability Distributions Associated With Distribution System Reliability Indices", R. Billinton, E. Wojczynski, V. Rodych.  Transactions of the Seventh Annual Engineering Conference on Reliability For The Electric Power Industry, April 1980.

    180.         "Effects Of Common Mode Failures On The Availability Of Systems", R.N. Allan, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 6th Advances In Reliability Technology Symposium, Bradford, April 1980.

    181.         "A Probabilistic Assessment of Transient Stability", P.R.S. Kuruganty, R. Billinton.  The Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, Vol. 2, No. 2, April 1980, pp. 115-119.

    182.         "Effect Of System Peak Load Forecast Uncertainty On Annualized Reliability Indices Of Composite Generation And Transmission Systems", R. Billinton, T.K.P. Medicherla.  Proceedings of the 1980 Society of Reliability Engineers TIE Reliability Symposium, Pergamon Press, May 1980.

    183.         "Protection System Modelling In A Probabilistic Assessment Of Transient Stability", P.R.S. Kuruganty,        R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the IEE Second International Conference On Development In Power System Protection, June 1980.

    184.         "Cost/Benefit Considerations In Providing An Adequate Electric Energy Supply", G. Wacker, E. Wojczynski, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Large Engineering Systems, July 1980.

    185.         "Generation Rescheduling And Load Shedding To Alleviate Line Overloads - System Studies", T.K.P. Medicherla, R. Billinton, M.S. Sachdev.  IEEE Transactions PAS-100, No. 1, January 1981, pp. 36-43.

    186.         "An Approximate And Practical Approach To Including Uncertainty Concepts In Generating Capacity Reliability Evaluation", G. Hamoud, R. Billinton, IEEE Transactions PAS-100, No. 3, March 1981, pp. 1259-1265.

    187.         "Applications Of The Method Of Stages For Power System Reliability Modelling", C. Singh, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Reliability Conference For The Electric Power Industry, April 1981.

    188.         "Interconnected System Reliability Evaluation - Applications", P.R.S. Kuruganty, P.R. Thompson,              R. Billinton and C.L. Wee.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 20, Part 3, Paper No. 81 SP-145, 1981.

    189.         "Interconnected System Reliability Evaluation - Concepts and Philosophy", R. Billinton, C.L. Wee,        P.R.S. Kuruganty, P.R. Thompson.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 20, Part 3, Paper No. 81-SP-144, 1981.

    190.         "Practical Calculations Of Distribution System Reliability Indices And Their Probability Distributions",        R. Billinton, E. Wojczynski, M. Godfrey.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 20, Part I, Paper No. 81-D-41, 1981.

    191.         "Uncertainty Aspects In LOLE Calculations For Two Interconnected Systems", G. Hamoud and R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions PAS-100, No. 5, May 1981, pp. 2320-2329.

    192.         "Protection System Modelling In A Probabilistic Assessment Of Transient Stability", P.R.S. Kuruganty,        R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-100, No. 5, May 1981. pp. 2163-2171.

    193.         "Application Of Common Cause Outage Models In Composite System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, T.K.P. Medicherla, M.S. Sachdev.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-100, No. 7, July 1981, pp. 3648-3659.

    194.         "Probabilistic Assessment Of Transient Stability In A Practical Multimachine System", R. Billinton,                                                                            P.R.S. Kuruganty.  IEEE Transactions PAS-100, No. 7, July 1981, pp. 3634-3642.

    195.         "Transmission Line Reliability Models Including Common Mode And Adverse Weather Effects", R. Billinton and Y. Kumar.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-100, No. 8, August 1981. pp. 3899-3911.

    196.         "Station Originated Multiple Outages In The Reliability Analysis Of A Composite Generation And Transmission System", R. Billinton, T.K.P. Medicherla.  IEEE Transactions PAS-100, No. 8, August 1981, pp. 3869-3878.

    197.         "Quantitative Assessment Of Power Supply/Reliability - Reliability Cost/Reliability Worth Considerations", R. Billinton, G. Wacker, E. Wojczynski.  Proceedings Of The International Symposium on Modelling Policy, and Economics Of Energy and Power Systems, San Francisco, May1981, ACTA Press. pp. 156-160.

    198.         "Exact And Approximate Techniques For Including Parameter Uncertainty In Generating Capacity Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, G. Hamoud.  Proceedings Seventh Power Systems Computational Conference, July 1981, IPC Press Ltd.

    199.         "Comprehensive Indices For Assessing Distribution System Reliability", R. Billinton.  Proceedings, International Electrical, Electronics Conference, Toronto, Oct. 1981, IEEE Catalogue 81 CH 1688-1.

    200.         "Power System Reliability Indices And Their Application In The Assessment Of Reliability Worth",              R. Billinton, G. Wacker, E. Wojczynski, Bai Tongshuo.  IEEE Conference, Mexicon 1981, Guadalajara, Mexico, October 1981.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 21, 1982.

    201.         "Digital Computer Algorithms For The Calculation Of Generating Capacity Reliability Indices", R. Billinton, C.L. Wee, G. Hamoud.  IEEE Transactions, PAS-101, 1982, pp. 986-996.

    202.         "A Frequency And Duration Approach For Interconnected System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton,    C.L. Wee.  IEEE Transactions PAS-101, 1982, pp. 1030-1039.

    203.         "Reliability Equivalents - Basic Concepts", R. Billinton, K. Hossain.  Proceedings Seventh, Advances In Reliability Technology Symposium, Bradford, England, April 1982.  International Journal of Reliability Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 4, 1983.

    204.         "Reliability Equivalents - Power System Applications", R. Billinton, K. Hossain.  Proceedings, Seventh, Advances In Reliability Technology Symposium, Bradford, England, April 1982.  International Journal of Reliability Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 4, 1983.

    205.         "Effect Of Common Mode, Common Environment And Other Common Factors In The Reliability Evaluation Of Repairable Systems", R.N. Allan, R. Billinton.  Proceedings, Seventh, Advances In Reliability Technology Symposium, Bradford, England, April 1982.

    206.         "Customer Damage Resulting From Electric Service Interruptions", R. Billinton, G. Wacker, E. Wojczynski.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 21, 1982.

    207.         "Considerations In Stochastic Stability Assessment", R. Billinton, P.R.S. Kuruganty.  CEA Transactions,  Vol. 21, 1982.

    208.         "Reliability Engineering - A Basic Undergraduate Course", R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Third Canadian Conference On Engineering Education, May 1982.

    209.         "Spare Component Evaluation In Reliability And Availability Studies", R. Billinton, J.R. MacCormack,       D. Harms.  Proceedings Of The 1982 Engineering Conference On Reliability For The Electric Power Industry, June 1982.

    210.         "Distribution System Reliability Indices and Their Evaluation", R. Billinton, R.N. Allan.  .Proceedings Of The Euracon 82 Conference.  Reliability In Electrical And Electronic Components And Systems, June 1982.

    211.         "Distribution System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton.  IEEE Tutorial Course Text, Power System Reliability Evaluation, 82 E1-10 195-8-PWR, July 1982.

    212.         "Uncertainty Considerations In Frequency And Duration Analysis For Radial And Two Interconnected Systems", G. Hamoud, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions PAS-101, October 1982, pp. 3658-3668.

    213.         "Bulk Power System Reliability Assessment - Why and How, Part I:  Why", J. Endrenyi, P.F. Albrecht,       R. Billinton, G.E. Marks, N.D. Reppen, L. Salvaderi.  IEEE Transactions PAS-101, September 1982, pp. 3439-45.

    214.         "Bulk Power System Reliability Assessment - Part II:  How", J. Endrenyi, P.F. Albrecht, R. Billinton,       G.E. Marks, N.D. Reppen, L. Salvaderi.  IEEE Transactions PAS-101, September 1982, 3446-3456.

    215.         "Methods for Analyzing Interconnected System Reliability", R. Billinton, C. Wee.  Proceedings Canadian Communications and Energy Conference, October 1982.  IEEE Catalogue 82 CH 1825-9.

    216.         "Preventive Maintenance Scheduling In Power Generation Systems Using A Quantitative Risk Criterion",     R. Billinton, F.A. El-Sheikhi, Can. Elec. Eng. J. Vol. 8, No. 1, 1983.

    217.         "Single And Two Area Generation System Maintenance Scheduling using The Moment Cumulant Method", R. Billinton, F.A. El-Sheikhi.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 22, 1983.

    218.         "Hierarchical Indices In System Adequacy Assessment", R. Billinton, J.S. Tatla, CEA Transactions. Vol. 22, 1983.

    219.         "Preventive Maintenance Scheduling of Generating Units In Interconnected Systems", R. Billinton,          F.A. El-Sheikhi.  Proceedings of the 10th Annual Conference on RAM for The Electric Power Industry.  IEEE Catalogue No. 83 CH 1907-5. pp. 364-370.

    220.         "Composite Generation And Transmission System Adequacy Evaluation Including Protection System Failure Modes", R. Billinton, J. Tatla, IEEE Transactions PAS-102, No. 6, June 1983, pp. 1823-1831.

    221.         "Comprehensive Bibliography On Electrical Service Interruption Costs", R. Billinton, G. Wacker,                 E. Wojczynski.  IEEE Transactions PAS-102, No. 6, June 1983, pp. 1831-1838.

    222.         "Parameter Uncertainty In Generating Capacity Reliability Evaluation", G. Hamoud, R. Billinton, Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, Vol. 5, No. 3, July 1983.

    223.         "A Reliability Assessment Of The Western Canada Grid", P.R.S. Kuruganty, P.K. Thompson, R. Billinton, IEEE Transactions PAS-102, No. 9, September 1983, pp. 2826-2833.

    224.         "An Energy Based Approach To Generating Capacity Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, L.C.H. Cheung.  IEE Conference Proceedings No. 225, Reliability of Supply Systems, September 1983.

    225.         "Customer Perception Of Interruption Costs - A Canadian Survey", R. Billinton, G. Wacker, E. Wojczynski.  IEE Conference Proceedings No. 225, Reliability of Supply Systems, September 1983.

    226.         "Interruption Cost Methodology And Results - A Canada Residential Survey", G. Wacker, E. Wojczynski,  R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions PAS-102, No. 10, October 1983, pp. 3385-3392.

    227.         "Probabilistic Simulation Of Power System Operation For Maintenance Scheduling Of Generating Facilities", F.A. El-Sheikhi, R. Billinton.  Proceedings IEEE - AFRICON 83, December 1983, Nairobi, Kenya.

    228.         "Bibliography On The Application Of Probability Methods In Power System Reliability Evaluation",        R.N. Allan, R. Billinton, S.H. Lee.  IEEE Transactions PAS-103, No. 2, February 1984, pp. 275-282.

    229.         "Interruption Cost Methodology And Results - A Canadian Commercial And Small Industry Survey", E. Wojczynski, R. Billinton, G. Wacker.  IEEE Transactions PAS-103, No. 2, February 1984, pp. 437-444.

    230.         "Power System Reliability In Perspective", R. Billinton, R.N. Allan.  IEE Electronics and Power, March 1984, pp. 231-236.

    231.         "Reliability Engineering - A Basic Component In An Undergraduate Curriculum", R. Billinton, R.N. Allan.  International Journal of Electrical Engineering Education, April 1984.

    232.         "Effect Of Distributional Assumptions On Spare Component Availability Evaluation", R. Billinton,                P. Dhawan.  Proceedings RAM Conference IEEE 84 CH, April1984, Las Vegas, Nevada.

    233.         "Generating Unit Maintenance Scheduling For Single And Two Interconnected Systems", F.A. El-Sheikhi,  R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions PAS-103, No. 5, May 1984, pp. 1638-1044.

    234.         "Generating Unit Models Using The Canadian Electrical Association Data Base", R. Billinton,                  A.A. Chowdhury.  CEA Transactions, Volume 23, 1984.

    235.         "Using Cost of Electric Service Interruption Surveys in the Determination of a Composite Customer Damage Function", R. Billinton, R.K. Subramaniam, G. Wacker.  Proceedings IASTED Conference, San Francisco, June 1984.

    236.         "Multi-Area Maintenance Scheduling for Generation System Planning Using the Gram-Charlier Series",       R. Billinton, F.A. El-Shiekhi.  Proceedings of the Eighth Power System Computational Conference, Helsinki, Finland, August 1984.

    237.         "A Frequency and Duration Evaluation for Looped Interconnected System Reliability", R. Billinton,         C.L. Wee.  Proceedings of the Eighth Power System Computational Conference, Helsinki, Finland, August 1984.

    238.         "Practice and Trends in Reliability Evaluation by Canadian Electric Power Utilities", R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Canadian Association of Members of Public Utility Tribunals, Toronto, September 1984.

    239.         "Proposed Terms for Reporting and Analyzing Outages of Electrical Transmission and Distribution Facilities", D.W. Forrest, P.F. Albrecht, R.N. Allan, M.P. Bhavaraju, R. Billinton, G.L. Landgren,           M.F. McCoy, N.D. Reppen.  IEEE Transactions, Vol. PAS-104, No. 2, February 1985.

    240.         "Analysis of Generating Unit Outage Data Using the CEA Equipment Reliability Information System",        R. Billinton, A.A. Chowdhury, G. Hart.  Proceedings RAM Conference, IEEE 1985 CH, Baltimore, Maryland, April 1985.

    241.         "Factors Affecting the Development of a Composite Customer Damage Function", G. Wacker,                R.K. Subramaniam, R. Billinton.  Proceedings RAM Conference IEEE 1985 CH, April 1985, Baltimore, Maryland.

    242.         "Maintenance Considerations in Generating Capacity Reliability Assessment - Methodology and Application".,  F.A. El-Sheikhi and R. Billinton.  Journal of Maintenance International, 5, (1985) pp. 63-76.

    243.         "Unavailability Evaluation in Non-Markovian Systems with Spare Components", R. Billinton, P. Dhawan.  Journal of Reliability Engineering Vol. 11, No. 4, 1985.

    244.         "State Availability Analysis using Graph Theory", R. Billinton, S. Kumar.  Proceedings Eighth Advances in Reliability Technology Symposium, Bradford, England, April 1984, Journal of Maintenance Management International, 5, (1985) pp. 117-126.

    245.         "A Probabilistic Basis for the Evaluation of Power System Stability".  R. Billinton and K. Chu.  Proceedings of the International Symposium on Power System Stability, May 1985, Ames, Iowa.

    246.         "Distribution System Reliability Evaluation and Data Collection in the Canadian Utility Industry",                R. Billinton, S.J. Kostyal.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 24, 1985.

    247.         "Adequacy Evaluation of a Composite Power System - A Comparative Study of Existing Computer Programs", R. Billinton, S. Kumar.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 24, 1985.

    248.         "Quantitative Reliability Evaluation of Terminal Stations", R. Billinton, P.K. Vohra.  CEA Transactions,    Vol. 24, 1985.

    249.         "Measurement of Supply Interruptions Related to Customer Impact".  B.D. Caldwell, G. Wacker,                R. Billinton, R.K. Subramaniam.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 24, 1985.

    250.         "Effect of Station Originated Outages in a Composite System Adequacy Evaluation of the IEEE Reliability Test System", R. Billinton, P.K. Vohra, S. Kumar.  IEEE Transactions PAS-104, No. 10, October 1985,    pp. 2649-2656.

    251.         "Graph Theory Concepts in Frequency and Availability Analysis", S. Kumar, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Reliability, Vol. R-34, No. 4, October 1985, pp. 290-294.

    252.         "Distributional Variation of Distribution System Reliability Indices", R. Billinton, E. Wojczynski.  IEEE Transactions PAS-104, No. 11, November 1985, pp. 3152-3160.

    253.         "A Model for Peaking Units Using the Canadian Electrical Association Data Base", R. Billinton and         A.A. Chowdhury.  IEEE Transactions PAS-104, No. 11, November 1985, pp. 2972-2979.

    254.         "Effects of Distribution System Reliability Index Distributions Upon Interruption Cost/Reliability Worth Estimates", E. Wojczynski and R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions PAS-104, No. 11, November 1985,          pp. 3229-3235.

    255.         "Factors Affecting the Development of an Industrial Customer Damage Function", R.K. Subramanian,         R. Billinton, G. Wacker.  IEEE Transactions PAS-104, No. 11, November 1985, pp. 3209-3215.

    256.         "DC Interconnection Reliability Using Frequency and Duration Evaluation", R. Billinton, C.L. Wee.  Proceedings of the IEE International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission, London, England, September 1985.

    257.         "Cost of Electric Service Interruptions To Industrial and Commercial Customers", R. Billinton, G. Wacker.  Proceedings IEEE Industrial Applications Society Conference, Toronto, September 1985.

    258.         "A Comparison Between Two Fundamentally Different Approaches to Composite System Reliability Evaluation",  L. Salvaderi and R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions PAS-104, No. 12, December 1985, pp. 3486-3492.

    259.         "Unit Models For Capacity Reliability Studies Using The Canadian Electrical Association Data Base",         R. Billinton and A.A. Chowdhury.  Canadian Electric Engineering Journal, Vol. II, No. 1, January 1986.

    260.         "The Inclusion Of Load Correlation In The Frequency And Duration Approach For Generating Capacity Reliability Evaluation", C.L. Wee, R. Billinton.  IEE Proceedings, Vol. 133, Pt. C, No. 1, January 1986.

    261.         "Analysis Of Transmission Equipment Forced Outages Based On Canadian Utility Experience", M. Oprisan, I.M. Clark, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the American Power Conference, Chicago, April 1986.

    262.         "Status Of Distribution System Reliability Evaluation in Canada", R. Billinton, S.J. Kostyal.  IEEE Transactions PWRD-1, No. 2, April 1986, pp. 114-120.

    263.         "Pertinent Factors In The Adequacy Assessment Of A Composite Generation And Transmission System",    R. Billinton, S. Kumar.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 25, 1986.

    264.         "Practical Calculation Of Distribution System Reliability Indices", R. Billinton, R. Goel, D.H. Schlageter.  Proceedings RAM Conference IEEE 1986 CH, Syracuse, N.Y., May 1986.

    265.         "Pertinent Factors Associated With Residential, Industrial and Commercial Sector Customer Damage Functions", R. Billinton, G. Wacker, R.K. Subramaniam.  Proceedings RAM Conference, IEEE 1986 CH, Syracuse, N.Y., May 1986.

    266.         "Probabilistic Methodologies Used In The Assessment Of Power System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, R.N. Allan.  Proceedings International Symposium On Probabilistic Methods Applied To Electric Power Systems, Toronto, June 1986.

    267.         "An Analytical Approach To Evaluate Probability Distributions Associated With The Reliability Indices Of Electric Distribution Systems", R. Billinton, R. Goel.  IEEE Transactions, PWRD-1, No. 3, July 1986,        pp. 245-251.

    268.         "A Comparative Study Of System Versus Load Point Indices For Bulk Power Systems", R. Billinton, S. Kumar.  IEEE Transactions, PWRS-1, No. 3, August 1986, pp. 148-156.

    269.         "Incorporation of Weather Effects In Transmission System Models For Composite System Adequacy Evaluation", R. Billinton, L. Cheng.  IEE Proceedings, Vol. 133, Pt. C, No. 6, September 1986, pp. 319-327.

    270.         "The IEEE Reliability Test System - Extensions To And Evaluation Of The Generating System", R.N. Allan, R. Billinton, N.M.K. Abdel-Gawad.  IEEE Transactions, PWRS-1, No. 4, November 1986, pp. 1-7.

    271.         "Transient Stability Evaluation In An Undergraduate Curriculum - A Probabilistic Approach", R. Billinton and K. Chu.  IEEE Transactions, PWRS-1, No. 4, November 1986, pp. 171-178.

    272.         "Factors Affecting The Development Of A Commercial Customer Damage Function", R. Billinton,              G. Wacker , R.K. Subramaniam.  IEEE Transactions, PWRS-1, No. 4, November 1986, pp. 28-33.

    273.         "Station-Initiated Outages In Composite System Adequacy Evaluation", R. Billinton, P.K. Vohra.             IEE Proceedings, Vol. 134, Pt. C, No. 1, January 1987, pp. 10-16.

    274.         "Effect of Higher Level Independent Generator Outages In Composite Sydtem Adequacy Evaluation",         R. Billinton, S. Kumar.  IEE Proceedings, Vol. 134, Pt. C, No. 1, January 1987, pp. 17-26.

    275.         "Reliability Evaluation of Electric Power Distribution Systems", R. Billinton, R. Goel.  Proceedings - First National Systems Engineering Convention, Pretoria, South Africa, January 1987.

    276.         "Factors Affecting The Development Of A Residential Customer Damage Function", R. Billinton,               G. Wacker, R.K. Subramaniam.  IEEE Transactions PWRS-2, No. 1, February 1987, pp. 204-209.

    277.         "Data Collection For Power System Reliability Evaluation - Canadian Experience", R. Billinton, K. Debnath.  Proceedings of the First Symposium On Electric Power Systems In Rapidly Developing Countries, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, March 1987.

    278.         "Reliability Assessment Of Electric Power Systems", R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the First Symposium On Electric Power Systems In Rapidly Developing Countries, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, March 1987.

    279.         "A Stable Algorithm to Calculate Steady-State Probability & Frequency of a Markov System.  S. Kumar,    W. Grassman, R. Billinton, IEEE Transactions on Reliability, Vol. R-36 No 1, April 1987, pp. 58-62.

    280.         "Customer Perceptions of Power System Reliability", G. Wacker, R. Billinton.  Proceedings Inter-RAM Conference IEEE 1987 CH, Toronto, May 1987.

    281.         "Models For Electrical Generation And Transmission Reliability Using Canadian Utility Data".  R. Billinton, K. Debnath, M. Oprisan, I.M. Clark.  Proceedings Inter-RAM Conference IEEE 1987 CH, Toronto, May 1987.

    282.         "Service Continuity Performance Of Canadian Electric Power Utilities - A Historical Perspective",               R. Billinton, C.J. Billinton, J.E. Billinton.  Proceedings Inter-RAM Conference IEEE 1987 CH, Toronto, May 1987.

    283.         "A Program and Canadian Data Base for the Determination of Individual and Composite Customer Damage Functions", R. Billinton, B.J. Hall, G. Wacker.  Proceedings Inter-RAM Conference IEEE 1987 CH, Toronto, May 1987.

    284.         "Reliability Equivalents in Composite System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, H.J. Koglin, E. Roos.  I EE Proceedings, Vol. 134, Pt. C, No. 3, May 1987.

    285.         "A Procedure And Digital Computer Program For Derated State Modelling Of Generating Units Using the CEA Data Base", R. Billinton, C. Wee, K. Debnath.  CEA Transactions, Volume 26, 1987.

    286.         "Generating Capacity Adequacy Criteria Used By Canadian Utilities For Planning Purposes".  R. Billinton, J.J. Kirby, M.L. Asgar-Deen.  CEA Transactions, Volume 26, 1987.

    287.         "Utilization Of Monte Carlo Simulation In Generating Capacity Adequacy Evaluation", R. Billinton,             R. Ghajar.  CEA Transactions, Volume 26, 1987.

    288.         "Reliability Evaluation - An Engineering Discipline", R. Billinton.  Proceedings - First National Systems Engineering Convention, Pretoria, South Africa, January 1987.  Electron, Journal of the South African Institute of Electrical Engineers, June 1987, pp. 18-23.

    289.         "Reliability Of Systems:  Basic Theory", R. Billinton.  Systems and Control Encyclopedia, Pergaman Press, July 1987, pp. 4015-4020.

    290.         "Reliability Of Systems:  Specific Applications", R. Billinton.  Systems and Control Encyclopedia, Pergaman Press, July 1987, pp. 4020-4026.

    291.         "Comparison of Two Alternate Methods To Establish An Interrupted Energy Assessment Rate", R. Billinton, J. Oteng-Adjei, R. Ghajar.  IEEE Transactions, PWRS-2, No. 3, August 1987, pp. 751-757.

    292.         "Low Bus Voltage And Ill-Conditioned Network Situations In Composite System Adequacy Evaluation",    R. Billinton, S. Kumar.  IEEE Transactions, PWRS-2, No. 3, August 1987, pp. 652-659.

    293.         "Load Modification:  A Unified Approach For Generating-Capacity Reliability Evaluation And Production Cost Modelling", R. Billinton, L.C.H. Cheung.  IEE Proceedings, Vol. 134, Pt. C, No. 4, July 1987,           pp. 273-280.

    294.         "Development Of Composite Customer Damage Functions For Use In Power System Planning And Operation".  R. Billinton, G. Wacker.  Proceedings of the Ninth Power Systems Computational Conference, Lisbon Portugal, September 1987, pp. 481-487.

    295.         "Dispersion Analysis In Distribution System Reliability Evaluation".  R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Ninth Power Systems Computational Conference, Lisbon, Portugal, September 1987, pp. 147-153.

    296.         "Reliability Model Development and Data Using The Canadian Electrical Association Equipment Reliability Information System".  R. Billinton, K. Debnath, M. Oprisan, I.M. Clark.  Proceedings of the Ninth Power Systems Computational Conference, Lisbon, Portugal, September 1987, pp. 140-146.

    297.         "Unit Energy Limitation Considerations In Generating Capacity Adequacy Evaluation", A.A. Chowdhury,   R. Billinton.  Proceedings North American Power Symposium, October 1987.

    298.         "Generator Unit Modeling For Power System Reliability Evaluation Using The Canadian Equipment Reliability Information System", K. Debnath, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the North American Power Symposium, October 1987.

    299.         "Assessment Of Spinning Reserve In An Interconnected Generation System Using Probabilistic Techniques", N.A. Chowdhury, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the North American Power Symposium, October 1987.

    300.         "Influence Of Load Diversity Exchange On Preventive Maintenance Scheduling In Interconnected Power Systems", R. Billinton, F.A. El-Sheikhi.  Reliability Engineering and System Safety, Vol. 20, No. 4, 1988,  pp. 287-296.

    301.         "Development and Utilization Of A Generalized Three State Model", R. Billinton, K. Chu.  Reliability Engineering and System Safety, Vol. 21, No. 1, 1988, pp. 47-57.

    302.         IEEE Standard Terms For Reporting And Analyzing Outage Occurrences And Outage States Of Electrical Transmission Facilities.  M.G. Lauby, P.F. Albrecht, R.N. Allan, M.P. Bhavaraju, R. Billinton, D.W. Forrest, G.L. Landgren, M.F. McCoy, N.D. Reppen, A.W. Schneider, Jr.  IEEE Standard, 859-1987, Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, New York, U.S.A., July 1987.

    303.         "A Monte Carlo Simulation Model For The Adequacy Evaluation Of Generating Systems", R. Ghajar,          R. Billinton.  Reliability Engineering and System Safety, Vol. 20, No. 3, 1988, pp. 173-186.

    304.         "Requirements For Composite System Reliability Evaluation Models", M.P. Bhavaraju, R. Billinton,         R.J. Ringlee, N.D. Reppen, P.F. Albrecht.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 3, No. 1, February 1988, pp.  149-157.

    305.         "Cost/Benefit Approach To Establish Optimum Adequacy Level For Generating System Planning",             R. Billinton, J. Oteng-Adjei.  IEE Proceedings, Vol. 135, Pt. C, No. 2, March 1988.

    306.         "Operating Benefits Of Interruptible Loads", R. Billinton, N.A. Chowdhury.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 28, 1988.

    307.         "Adequacy Equivalents In Composite Power System Evaluation - Basic Concepts And System Studies",       R. Billinton, S. Kumar.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 28, 1988.

    308.         "A Modified GO Methodology For System Availability Assessment", R. Billinton, M. Patwardhan.  Proceedings of the Tenth Advances In Reliability Technology Symposium, Bradford, England, April 1988.

    309.         "Power Generation Systems Availability Maintainability Assessment", F.A. El-Sheikhi, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Tenth Advances In Reliability Technology Symposium, Bradford, England, April 1988.

    310.         "The CEA Equipment Reliability And System Performance Reporting Procedure", R. Billinton, K. Debnath, M. Oprison, I.M. Clark.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 28, 1988.

    311.         "A Frequency And Duration Method For Looped Configuration Generating Capacity Reliability Evaluation".  C.L. Wee, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 3, No. 2, May 1988, pp. 698-705.

    312.         "Modeling Energy Limited Units In Generating Capacity Adequacy Assessment", R. Billinton,                  A.A. Chowdhury.  Proceedings, 15th Inter-RAM Conference for the Electric Power Industry, Portland, Oregon, June 1988.

    313.         "Utilization Of Composite Customer Damage Functions In The Development Of An Interrupted Energy Assessment Rate", R. Billinton, J. Oteng-Adjei.  Proceedings, 15th Inter-Ram Conference for the Electric Power Industry, Portland, Oregon, June 1988.

    314.         "Bulk Transmission Outage Data Collection Consideration for the Implementation of Normal/Adverse Weather Modeling", R. Billinton, M.G. Lauby.  Proceedings, 15th Inter-RAM Conference for the Electric Power Industry, Portland, Oregon, June 1988.

    315.         "Sensitivity Of Customer Damage Functions To Basic System Variables", G. Wacker, R. Sawatsky,            R. Billinton.  Proceedings, 15th Inter-RAM Conference for the Electric Power Industry, Portland, Oregon, June 1988.

    316.         "Modeling Of Energy Limited Units In Generating Capacity Reliability Evaluation Of Small Hydro Systems", R. Billinton, J. Oteng-Adjei.  Small Hydro 88 Conference, Toronto, Ontario, July 1988.

    317.         "Distribution System Reliability Performance and Evaluation", R. Billinton.  Journal of Electric Power and Energy Systems, Vol. 10, No. 3, July 1988, pp. 190-200.

    318.         "Concepts Of Power System Reliability Evaluation", R.N. Allan, R. Billinton.  Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, Vol. 10, No. 3, July 1988, pp. 139-141.

    319.         "Availability Analysis in A Cable Transmission System With Repair Restrictions", R. Billinton, P. Alukal.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 3, No. 3, August 1988, pp. 872-878.

    320.         "Adequacy Equivalents in Composite Power System Evaluation", S. Kumar, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 3, No. 3, August 1988, pp. 1167-1173.

    321.         "A Probabilistic Method For Transmission  Planning", A.P. Sakis Meliopoulos, N.D. Reppen, R. Kwacs, M.P. Bhavaraju, N.J. Balu, R. Billinton.  Second International Symposium On Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems, San Francisco, California, September 1988.

    322.         "Reliability Indices", L. Salvaderi, R. Billinton, J. Endrenyi, A. Harpur, J. Prince, R. Ringlee, W. Wellsson, W. Winter.  CIGRE Special Publication, Power System Reliability Analysis:  Application Guide.  CIGRE Conference, Paris, September 1988.

    323.         "Methodologies", L. Salvaderi, R. Billinton, J. Endrenyi, J. Prince, R. Ringlee.  CIGRE Special Publication, Power System Reliability Analysis:  Application Guide, CIGRE Conference, Paris, September 1988.

    324.         "Generation Equipment - Outage Data Collection and Processing", M. Bhavaraju, R. Billinton, M. Brown,    J. Kasinger, R.J. Ringlee.  CIGRE Special Publication, Power System Reliability Analysis:  Application Guide.  CIGRE Conference, Paris, September 1988.

    325.         "Transmission Equipment - Outage Data Collection and Processing", R.N. Allan, S.J. Argent, R. Billinton,   J. Endrenyi, W. Inesi, A.W. Schneider, F. Talandier, P.O. Wright.  CIGRE Special Publication, Power System Reliability Analysis:  Application Guide, CIGRE Conference, Paris, September 1988.

    326.         "Dependency Concepts", R. Billinton, R.N. Allan, O. Bertoldi, M.G. Lauby.  CIGRE Special Publication, Power  System Reliability Analysis:  Application Guide, CIGRE Conference, Paris, September 1988.

    327.         "Weather Modelling", O. Bertoldi, R. Billinton, M.G. Lauby, S.J. Argent. CIGRE Special Publication, Power System Reliability Analysis:  Application Guide, CIGRE Conference, Paris, September 1988.

    328.         "Terminology", R.J. Ringlee, R. Billinton, J. Endrenyi, P.T. Manning, J. Mastracola, L. Salvaderi,                W. Wellsson.  CIGRE Special Publication, Power System Reliability Analysis:  Application Guide, CIGRE Conference, Paris, September 1988.

    329.         Substation Modeling”,  S. Scalina, J. Endrenyi, R.J. Ringlee, R. Billinton, B. MacRae, R. Naggar.  CIGRE Conference, Paris, 1988.

    330.         "Power System Reliability Analysis", D. McGillis, R.N. Allan, O. Bertoldi, M. Bhavaraju, R. Billinton,          J. Endrenyi, R.J. Ringlee, L. Salvaderi, S. Scalcino, D. Thorne.  CIGRE Special Publication, Power System Reliability Analysis:  Application Guide, CIGRE Conference, September 1988.

    331.         "Transmission System Reliability Analysis - The Canadian Approach", M. Oprisan, I.M. Clark, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Utility Fault and Disturbance Analysis Conference, October 1988.

    332.         "The Canadian Approach to Reliability And Transmission Systems", M. Oprisan, D. McGillis, R. Billinton.  Seventh Conference on the Electric Power Supply Industry, Brisbane, Australia, October 1988.

    333.         "Bibliography on The Application Of Probability Methods In Power System Reliability Evaluation",         R.N. Allan, R. Billinton, S.M. Shahidehpour, C. Singh.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 3,      No. 4, November 1988, pp. 1555-1564.

    334.         "Adequacy Evaluation of Generation Systems Including Energy Limited Units", R. Billinton,                     A.A. Chowdhury.  Canadian Electrical Association. Fall Meeting, November 1988.  CEA Transactions,     Vol. 28, 1988/89.

    335.         "Operating Reserve Assessment In Interconnected Generating Systems", R. Billinton, N.A. Chowdhury.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 3, No. 4, November, 1988, pp. 1479-1487.

    336.         "Criteria Used by Canadian Utilities in the Planning and Operation of Generating Capacity", R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 3, No. 4, November 1988, pp. 1488-1493.

    337.         "Distribution System Reliability Indices", R. Billinton, J.E. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 1989, pp. 561-568.

    338.         "Interruptible Load Carrying Capability of a Generation System", N. Chowdhury, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 4, No. 1, February 1989, pp. 115-121.

    339.         "Some Aspects of Generating Unit Availability Models", K. Debnath, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 4, No. 1, March 1989, pp. 41-46.

    340.         "Utilization of Contingency Selection Techniques in the Adequacy Evaluation of a Composite Generation and Transmission System", R. Billinton, E. Khan.  CEA Spring Meeting, March 1989.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 28, 1988/89.

    341.         "A Comparison of Existing Computer Programs for Composite System Adequacy Evaluation", R. Billinton, E. Khan.  CEA Spring Meeting, March 1989.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 28, 1988/89.

    342.         "Effect of Maintenance Factors on Risk and Adequacy of Power Generation", F.A. Fl-Sheikhi, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Sixth Eurodata Conference, Reliability Data Collection and Use in Risk and Availability Assessment, Siena, Italy,  March 1989.

    343.         "Adequacy Evaluation of a Small Area in a Large Composite Power Network", S. Kumar, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 4, No. 2, May 1989, pp. 551-558.

    344.         "Farm Losses Resulting From Electric Service Interruptions - A Canadian Survey", G. Wacker, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 14, No. 2, May 1989, pp. 472-478.

    345.         "Measuring Bulk System Reliability - Why and How", C.C. Fong, R. Billinton, R.O. Gunderson,               P.M. O'Neill, J. Raksany, A.W. Schneider, B. Silverstein.  Proceedings, 16th Inter-RAM Conference for the Electric Power Industry, June 1989.

    346.         "A Local Approach for Composite System Adequacy Assessment", R. Billinton, M.G. Lauby, T.S. White.  Proceedings, 16th Inter-RAM Conference for the Electric Power Industry, June 1989.

    347.         "Electric Power System Reliability Assessment - The Canadian Approach", R. Billinton, M. Oprisan,         I.M. Clark.  Proceedings, 16th Inter-RAM Conference for the Electric Power Industry, June 1989.

    348.         "Some Aspects of Operating Reserve in Interconnected Generation Systems", N. Chowdhury, R. Billinton.  Proceedings, 16th Inter-RAM Conference for the Electric Power Industry, June 1989.

    349.         "Impacts of Generating Unit Unreliability on Power System Adequacy and Costs", R. Billinton, L. Goel.  Proceedings, 16th Inter-RAM Conference for the Electric Power Industry, June 1989.

    350.         "Impacts of Electric Service Interruptions to Canadian Farm Operators", G. Wacker, P. Kos, R. Billinton.  Proceedings, 16th Inter-RAM Conference for the Electric Power Industry, June 1989.

    351.         "A Comparative Study of Two Analytical Methods for the Adequacy Evaluation of a Power System",       S.K. Agarwal, R. Billinton.  Proceedings, 16th Inter-RAM Conference for the Electric Power Industry, June 1989.

    352.         "Customer Cost of Electric Service Interruptions", G. Wacker, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 77, No. 6, June 1989, pp. 919-930.

    353.         "Contingency Cut-Off Criteria in Transmission System Adequacy Assessment", R. Billinton, E. Khan,      S.K. Agarwal.  IEE Proceedings, Vol. 136, Pt. C, No. 4, July 1989.

    354.         "Bibliography on Composite System Reliability (1964-1988), M. Th. Schilling, M.A. El-Kady, R. Billinton, A.M. Leite da Silva.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 4, No. 3, August 1989, pp. 1122-1131.

    355.         "Probabilistic Generating Capacity Cost of Service Allocation", K. Chu, R. Billinton.  Paper No. 89 WM 137-1 -PWRS.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 4, No. 3, August 1989, pp. 912-919.

    356.         "Bulk System Reliability - Measurement and Indices", C.C. Fong, R. Billinton, R.O. Gunderson, P.M. O'Neill, J. Raksany, A.W. Schneider, B.  Silverstein.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 4, No. 3, August 1989, pp. 829-835.

    357.         "A Reliability Test System for Educational Purposes - Basic Data", R. Billinton, S. Kumar, N. Chowdhury, K. Chu, K. Debnath, L. Goel, E. Khan, P. Kos, G. Nourbakhsh, J. Oteng-Adjei.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 4, No. 3, August 1989, pp. 1238-1244.

    358.         "Assessment of Spinning Reserve in Interconnected Generation Systems with Export/Import Constraints",  N. Chowdhury, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 4, No. 3, August 1989, pp. 1102-1109.

    359.         "Basic Elements in Reliability Evaluation of Composite Generation and Transmission Systems", R. Billinton, E. Khan.  Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Operational and Expansion Planning, Sao Paulo, Brazil, August 1989.

    360.         "Operating Reserve Evaluation in Single and Interconnected Systems", R. Billinton, N. Chowdhury.  Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Operational and Expansion Planning, Sao Paulo, Brazil, August 1989.

    361.         "The Canadian National Data Base for Reliability Evaluation and Assessment", R. Billinton, M. Oprisan,  I.M. Clark.  Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Operational and Expansion Planning, Sao Paulo, Brazil, August 1989.

    362.         "Utilization of Customer Interruption Costs in Generation and Transmission System Planning", R. Billinton, J. Oteng-Adjei, G. Wacker.  Proceedings of the Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, Montreal, September 1989.

    363.         "A Probabilistic Approach to Generating Capacity Cost of Service Allocation", R. Billinton, K. Chu.  CEA Fall Meeting, September 1989.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 29, 1989/90.

    364.         "Reliability Concepts of Composite Power Systems", R.N. Allan, R. Billinton.  IEEE Tutorial Text, "Reliability Assessment of Composite Generation and Transmission Systems", No. 90 EH03ll-1-PWR, January 1990.

    365.         "Composite System Adequacy Assessment - The Contingency Enumeration Approach", R. Billinton.  IEEE Tutorial Text, "Reliability Assessment of Composite Generation and Transmission Systems", No. 90 EH0311-1-PWR, January 1990.

    366.         "Bibliography on Power System Probabilistic Analysis (1962-1988):  M. Th. Schilling, A.M. Leite de Silva, R. Billinton, M.A. El-Kady, July 1989.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 5, No. 1, February 1990, pp. 1-11.

    367.         "A Reliability Test System for Educational Purposes - Basic Results", R. Billinton, S. Kumar, N. Chowdhury, K. Chu, L. Goel, E. Khan, P. Kos, G. Nourbakhsh, J. Oteng-Adjei.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 5, No. 1, February 1990, pp. 319-325.

    368.         "Generating Unit Modelling in Power System Adequacy Analysis", R. Billinton, K. Debnath.  Reliability Engineering and System Safety, Vol. 27, No. 2, 1990, pp. 155-165.

    369.         "Generation Adequacy Impacts of Cogeneration Sources", R. Billinton, A. Chowdhury.  IEE Proceedings, Vol. 137, Pt. C, No. 2, March 1990.

    370.         "Examination of Severe Contingencies in a Small Area of a Large Composite Power System Using Adequacy Equivalents", R. Billinton, S.K. Agarwal.  IEE Proceedings, Vol. 137, Pt. C, No. 2, March 1990.

    371.         "Interruptible Load Consideration in Spinning Reserve Assessment of Isolated and Interconnected Generating Systems", N. Chowdhury, R. Billinton.  IEE Proceedings, Vol. 137, Pt. C, No. 2, March 1990.

    372.         "Basic Power System Reliability Concepts", R. Billinton, R.N. Allan.  Reliability Engineering and System Safety, Vol. 27, No. 3, 1990.

    373.         "Generating Unit Component Data Base Used by the Canadian Electrical Association", M. Oprisan,          I.M. Clark, R. Billinton.  CEA Spring Meeting, Montreal, March 1990.

    374.         "Reliability Assessment of Composite Cogeneration and Electric Utility Systems", R. Billinton,                A.A. Chowdhury.  CEA Spring Meeting, Montreal, March 1990.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 29, 1989/90.

    375.         "Risk Constrained Generating Unit Commitment and Load Dispatch in Interconnected Systems",                  N. Chowdhury, R. Billinton.  CEA Spring Meeting, Montreal, March 1990.  CEA Transactions, Vol. 29, 1989/90.

    376.         "Canadian Electric Power System Reliability Assessment - Performance and Prediction", R. Billinton,          M. Oprisan, I.M. Clark.  Proceedings - 11th Advances in Reliability Technology Symposium, Liverpool, U.K., April  1990.

    377.         "Sensitivity of Operating Cost to Selected Risk Level in Interconnected Generating Systems", N. Chowdhury, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 17th Inter-RAM Conference for the Electric Power Industry, June 1990.

    378.         "Interrupted Energy Assessment Rate Determination in Composite Generation and Transmission Systems", R. Billinton, J. Oteng-Adjei.  Proceedings of the 17th Inter-RAM Conference for the Electric Power Industry, June 1990.

    379.         "An Analytical Technique for Modelling Cogenerating Unit Operating Considerations in Conventional Generation Systems Reliability Evaluation",  R. Billinton, A.A. Chowdhury.  Proceedings of the 17th Inter-RAM Conference for the Electric Power Industry, June 1990.

    380.         "Methodologies Used in the Determination of an Agriculture Customer Damage Function", P. Kos,              G. Wacker, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 17th Inter-RAM Conference for the Electric Power Industry, June 1990.

    381.         "Adequacy Evaluation of an Interconnected Bulk Power Network", S.K. Agarwal, P.M. Anderson,              R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 17th Inter-RAM Conference for the Electric Power Industry, June 1990.

    382.         "Contingency Selection in Composite System Adequacy Assessment", R. Billinton, E. Khan.  IEEE Paper No. 90 SM 476-2 PWRS.  IEEE Summer Power Meeting, Minneapolis, July 1990.

    383.         "Indices for Use in Composite Generation and Transmission System Adequacy Evaluation", R. Billinton,      S. Kumar.  Journal of Electric Power and Energy Systems, Vol. 12, No. 3, July 1990, pp. 147-155.

    384.         "Determination of Reliability Worth for Power System Design Applications", G. Wacker, R. Billinton,           J. Oteng-Adjei, P. Kos.  Proceedings of the 10th Power System Computational Conference.  Graz, Austria, August 1990.

    385.         "Probabilistic Assessment of Spinning Reserve in Interconnected Systems", R. Billinton, N. Chowdhury.  Proceedings of the 10th Power System Computational Conference, Graz, Austria, August 1990.

    386.         "Quantitative Assessment of Composite Generation and Transmission Systems", R. Billinton, E. Khan.  Proceedings of the 10th Power System Computational Conference, Graz, Austria, August 1990.

    387.         "State of the Art of Composite-System Reliability Evaluation", L. Salvaderi, R.N. Allan, R. Billinton,            J. Endrenyi, D. McGillis, M. Lanby, P. Manning, R. Ringlee.  Proceedings of CIGRE, Paris, France, August, 1990.

    388.         "A Generalized Probabilistic Cost of Service Allocation Approach for Generation and Transmission Facilities", K. Chu, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 5, No. 3, August 1990, pp. 842-851.

    389.         "A Procedure for Estimating the Overall Worth Associated with Generating Unit Refurbishment",                R. Billinton, L. Goel.  Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Vol. 15, No. 4.1990.

    390.         "Energy Based Models for Wind Energy Conversion Systems in Adequacy Assessment of Generation Systems", R. Billinton, A.A. Chowdhury.  Proceedings, Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ottawa, September, 1990.

    391.         "A Probabilistic Approach to Spinning Reserve Assessment in Interconnected Generating Systems",            N. Chowdhury, R. Billinton.  Proceedings Canadian Conference on Electrical & Computer Engineering, Ottawa, September, 1990.

    392.         "Bulk System Reliability - Predictive Indices", R.N. Allan, R. Billinton, R.B. Adler, C.C. Fong,                G.A. Hinschberger, R.P. Ludorf, M.F. McCoy, T.C. Mielnik, P.M. O'Neill, N.D. Reppen, R.J. Ringlee,       L. Salvaderi.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 5, No. 4, November 1990, pp. 1204-1213.

    393.         "Risk Constrained Economic Load Dispatch in Interconnected Generating Systems", N. Chowdhury,           R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 5, No. 4, Nov. 1990, pp. 1239-1247.

    394.         "Unit Commitment in Interconnected Generating Systems Using a Probabilistic Technique", N. Chowdhury, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 5, No. 4, Nov. 1990, pp. 1231-1238.

    395.         "Evaluation of Interrupted Energy Assessment Rates in Composite Systems", J. Oteng-Adjei, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 5, No. 4, Nov. 1990, pp. 1317-1323.

    396.         "Export/Import of Spinning Reserve in Interconnected Generating Systems", N. Chowdhury, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. No. 1, February 1991, pp. 43-50.

    397.         "A Reliability Test System for Educational Purposes - Basic Distribution System Data and Results",          R.N. Allan, R. Billinton. I Sjarief, L. Goel, K.S. So.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 6, No. 2, May 1991, pp. 813-820.

    398.         "A Reliability Data System for the Reporting of Forced Outages of Distribution Equipment", M. Oprisan,     F. Filippelli, I.M. Clark, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the IEEE Wescanex 91 Conference, Regina, May 1991.

    399.         "Basic Data and Evaluation of Distribution System Reliability Worth", L. Goel, R. Billinton, R. Gupta.  Proceedings of the IEEE Wescanex 91 Conference, Regina, May 1991.

    400.         "Reliability Evaluation of Subtransmission Systems".  R. Billinton, R. Gupta, L. Goel.  Proceedings of the IEEE Wescanex 91 Conference, Regina, May 1991.

    401.         "Reliability Criteria and Techniques for Generating Capacity Planning", R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Regulatory Conference of the Canadian Association of Members of Public Utility Tribunals, Banff, Alberta, May 1991.

    402.         "Hybrid Approach for Reliability Evaluation of Composite Generation and Transmission Systems Using Monte Carlo Simulation and Enumeration Technique", R. Billinton, L. Wenyuan.  IEE Proceedings-C, Vol. 138, No. 3, May 1991.

    403.         "Applications of Monte Carlo Simulation in Power System Adequacy Assessment", R. Billinton, L. Gan,     L. Goel, G. Lian, W. Li.  CEA Spring Meeting, Toronto, CEA Transactions, 1991.

    404.         "Composite System Reliability Assessment Using a Monte Carlo Approach", R. Billinton, L. Wenyuan.  Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Electric Power Systems.  IEE Conference Proceedings, No. 338, London, U.K., July 1991.

    405.         "Security Considerations in Composite Power System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, E. Khan.  Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Electric Power Systems.  IEE Conference Proceedings, No. 338, London, U.K., July 1991.

    406.         "Load Forecast Uncertainty Considerations in Generating Unit Preventive Maintenance Scheduling for Single  Systems", F.A. El-Sheikhi, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Electric Power Systems.  IEE Conference Proceedings, No. 338, London, U.K., July 1991.

    407.         "A Reliability Data Base for Performance and Predictive Assessment of Electric Power Systems",                 R. Billinton, M. Oprisan, I.M. Clark.  Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Electric Power Systems.  IEE Conference Proceedings, No. 338, London, U.K., July 1991.

    408.         "A Monte Carlo Simulation Model for Adequacy Assessment of Multi-Area Generating Systems",                R. Billinton, L. Gan.  Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Electric Power Systems.  IEE Conference Proceedings, No. 338, London, U.K., July 1991.

    409.         "Utilization of Interrupted Energy Assessment Rates in Generation and Transmission System Planning",      R. Billinton, J. Oteng-Adjei.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 6, No. 3, August 1991, pp. 1245- 1253.

    410.         "A Novel Method for Incorporating Weather Effects in Composite System Adequacy Evaluation".               R. Billinton, L. Wenyuan.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 6, No. 3, August 1991, pp. 1154-1160.

    411.         "Evaluation of Interrupted Energy Assessment Rates in Distribution Systems", L. Goel, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 6, No. 4, October 1991, p. 1876-1882.

    412.         "Cost of Electric Power Interruptions in the Agricultural Sector - Statistical Analysis", P. Kos, R. Billinton, G. Wacker.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 6, No. 4, November 1991, pp. 1432-1438.

    413.         "Effect of Bus Load Uncertainty and Correlation in Composite System Adequacy Evaluation". L. Wenyuan, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 6, No. 4, November 1991, pp. 1522-1529.

    414.         "Comprehensive Bibliography on Reliability Worth and Electrical Service Consumer Interruption Costs 1980-1990".  G. Tollefson, R. Billinton, G. Wacker.IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 6, No. 4, November 1991, pp. 1508-1514.

    415.         "A Procedure for Evaluating Interrupted Energy Assessment Rates in an Overall Electric Power System",     L. Goel, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 6, No. 4, November 1991,                     pp. 1396- 1403.

    416.         "Use of Monte Carlo Simulation in Teaching Generating Capacity Adequacy Assessment", R. Billinton,       L. Gan.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 6, No. 4, November 1991, pp. 1571-1577.

    417.         "A Reliability Test System for Educational Purposes - Spinning Reserve Studies in Isolated and Interconnected Systems", N. Chowdhury, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 6, No. 4, November 1991, pp. 1578-1583.

    418.         "Electric Power Systems", R. Billinton.  McGraw Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology 1992, McGraw Hill, New York, December 1991, pp. 110-112.

    419.         "Consideration of Multi-State Generating Unit Models in Composite System Adequacy Assessment Using Monte Carlo Simulation", R. Billinton, L. Wenyuan. Canadian Journal Elect. and Comp. Engin., Vol. 17, No. 1, January 1992, pp. 24-28.

    420.         "Overall Adequacy Assessment of an Electric Power System", R. Billinton, L. Goel.  IEE Proceedings-       C, Vol. 139, No. 1, January 1992, pp. 57-63.

    421.         "Incorporation of Wind Energy Conversion Systems in Conventional Generating Capacity Adequacy Assessment", R. Billinton, A.A. Chowdhury.  IEE Proceedings-C, Vol. 139, No. 1, January 1992.

    422.         "Current Industry Practices in Bulk Transmission Outage Data Collection and Analysis", R.O. Gunderson, M.P. Bhavaraju, R. Billinton, D. Klempel, M.A. Klopp, M.G. Lanby, R.P. Ludorf, M.F. McCoy,              T.C. Mielnik, A.W.  Schneider, E.P. Weber, T.S. White.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 7, No. 1, February 1992, pp. 158-166.

    423.         "A Hybrid Model for Quantifying Different Operating States of Composite Power Systems", M.E. Khan,     R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 7, No. 1, Feb. 1992, pp. 187-193.

    424.         "A Security Based Approach to Composite Power System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, E. Khan.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 7, No. 1, Feb. 1992, pp. 65-72.

    425.         "NSERC Customer Cost of Interruption Study - Preliminary Results", G. Tollefson, G. Wacker, R. Billinton, E. Chan, J. Aweya.  CEA Transactions, 1992.

    426.         "Electric Service Reliability Worth Evaluation in Power Systems", R. Billinton, L. Goel.  CEA Transactions, 1992.

    427.         "Basic Concepts in Probabilistic Assessment of Operating Reserve in Interconnected Generating Systems",  N. Chowdhury, R. Billinton.  CEA Transactions, 1992.

    428.         "Adequacy Modelling of Large Windfarms in Electric Utility Generation Planning", A.A. Chowdhury,          R. Billinton.  CEA Transactions, 1992.

    429.         "Reliability Indices for Use in Generation, Transmission and Distribution Systems", R. Billinton, L. Goel.  Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium of Specialists in Electrical, Operational and Expansion Planning, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, May 1992.

    430.         "A New Approach to Incorporate Security Considerations in Composite Generation and Transmission System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, M.E. Khan.  Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium of Specialists in Electrical, Operational and Expansion Planning, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, May 1992.

    431.         "Utilization of Customer Outage Costs in Generation and Transmission Planning", R. Billinton, J. Oteng-Adjei.  Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium of Specialists in Electrical, Operational and Expansion Planning, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, May 1992.

    432.         "Probabilistic Methods Applied to Electric Power Systems - Are They Worth It", R.N. Allan and R. Billinton.  IEE Power Engineering Journal, May 1992, pp. 121-129.

    433.         "Incorporation of a DC Link in a Composite System Adequacy Assessment - DC System Modelling",          R. Billinton, D.S. Ahluwalia.  IEE Proceedings-C, Vol. 139, No. 3, May 1992.

    434.         "Incorporation of a DC Link in a Composite System Adequacy Assessment - Composite System Analysis", R. Billinton, D.S. Ahluwalia.  IEE Proceedings-C, Vol. 139, No. 3, May 1992.

    435.         "Power System Reliability and Its Assessment, Part 1, Background and Generating Capacity", R.N. Allan,   R. Billinton.  Power Engineering Journal, July 1992, pp. 191-196.

    436.         "Effects of the Distribution System on Overall Electric Power System Adequacy", L. Goel, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Inter-RAMQ Conference, Philadelphia, August 1992.

    437.         "Understanding the Customers Role in Reliability Worth Assessment Using Customer Surveys", G. Wacker, G. Tollefson, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Inter-RAMQ Conference, Philadelphia, August 1992.

    438.         "Direct Incorporation of Load Variations in Monte Carlo Simulation of Composite System Adequacy",        R. Billinton, W. Li.  Proceedings of the Inter-RAMQ Conference, Philadelphia, August 1992.

    439.         "Substation Reliability Worth Assessment Using A Monte Carlo Approach", R. Billinton, G. Lian.  Proceedings of the Inter-RAMQ Conference, Philadelphia, August 1992.

    440.         "The Canadian Approach to Collecting Distribution Equipment Outage Data and Assessing Customer Service Performance", M. Oprisan, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Inter-RAMQ Conference, Philadelphia, August 1992.

    441.         "On Some Aspects of Power System Reliability Cost/Worth Evaluation and Application", L. Goel,              R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the ICARCV'92 Conference, Singapore, September 1992.

    442.         "An Integrated Approach to Electric Power System Planning and Cost of Service Allocation", R. Billinton, K. Chu.  Utilities Policy, Vol. 2, No. 4, October 1992.

    443.         "Assessment and Application of Value of Service Reliability for Distribution Systems", L. Goel, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 9th CEPSI Conference, Hong Kong, October 1992.

    444.         "A Monte Carlo Method for Multi-Area Generation System Reliability Assessment", R. Billinton, W. Li.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 7, No. 4, Nov. 1992, pp. 1487-1492.

    445.         "System Reliability Improvement and Cost Savings by Generating Unit Forced Outage Rate Reduction",      L. Goel, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Singapore National Committee World Energy Council Conference on Energy System Planning and Management, Singapore, November 20, 1992.

    446.         "Power System Reliability and Its Assessment, Part 2, Composite Generation and Transmission Systems", R.N. Allan, R. Billinton.  Power Engineering Journal, November 1992.

    447.         "Reliability Evaluation Using a Composite System Operating State Risk Index", R. Billinton, G. Lian.      CEA Transactions, 1993.

    448.         "Customer Requirements for Electric Service Reliability:  An NSERC Study", R. Billinton, G. Wacker,       G. Tollefson, J. Aweya, E. Chan.  CEA Transactions, 1993.

    449.         "Understanding Industrial Losses Resulting from Electric Service Interruptions", R.K. Subramaniam,           R. Billinton, G. Wacker.  IEEE Transactions on Industry Application, Vol. 29, No. 1, January/February 1993.

    450.         "Understanding Commercial Losses Resulting from Electric Service Interruptions", R.K. Subramanium,      G. Wacker, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 29, No. 1, January/February 1993.

    451.         "A Monte Carlo Approach to Substation Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, G. Lian.  IEE Proceedings-C, Vol. 140, No. 2, March 1993, pp. 147-152.

    452.         "Computer Programs for Reliability Evaluation of Distribution Systems", R.  Billinton, R. Gupta,              N.A. Chowdhury, L. Goel.  Proceedings of the International Power Engineering Conference, March 1993, Singapore, pp. 37-42.

    453.         "Distribution System Reliability Evaluation; A Sensitivity Study", L. Goel, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the International Power Conference, March 1993, Singapore, pp. 1-6.

    454.         "Application of Clustering Technique to Generating Capacity State Model for Reliability Evaluation",         G. Nourbakhsh, R. Billinton, M.E. Khan, G.F.  Shannon.  Proceedings of the International Power Engineering Conference, March 1993, Singapore, pp. 160-165.

    455.         "Reliability Criteria Selection for Integrated Resource Planning", D. Ruiu, R. Billinton, C. Ye, D. Lakhanpal.  CEA Transactions, 1993.

    456.         "Photovoltaic Generating Facilities in Generating Capacity Adequacy Assessment", R. Billinton,              A.A. Chowdhury.  CEA Transactions, 1993.

    457.         "Bulk System Delivery Point Performance Reporting at Alberta Power Limited", A.A. Chowdhury,           C.F. Fuchshuber, R. Billinton.  CEA Transactions, 1993.

    458.         "Customer Costs Associated with Electrical Supply Failures", R. Billinton, G. Wacker, G. Tollefson.        CEA Transactions, 1993.

    459.         "Assessment of Electric Service Reliability Worth", R. Billinton, G. Tollefson, G. Wacker.  Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Electric Power Systems.               IEE Conference Proceedings, No. 338, London, U.K., July 1991.  International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, Vol. 15, No. 2, April 1993, pp. 95-100.

    460.         "A Minimum Cost Assessment Method for Composite Generation and Transmission System Expansion Planning", W. Li, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 8, No. 2, May 1993,                pp. 628-635.

    461.         "Value Based Reliability Evaluation of Electric Distribution Systems", R. Billinton, J. Aweya, G. Wacker.  Proceedings of the IEEE Wescanex 93 Conference, May 1993, pp. 107-114.

    462.         "Effect of Dependent Outages on Composite System Reliability Performance", R. Billinton, G. Lian.  Proceedings of the IEEE Wescanex 93 Conference, May 1993, pp. 127-133.

    463.         "Adequacy Evaluation in Generation, Transmission and Distribution Systems of an Electric Power System", R. Billinton, J. Satish.  Proceedings of the IEEE Wescanex 93 Conference, May 1993, pp. 120-126.

    464.         "Wind Power Modelling and Application in Generating Capacity Assessment", R. Billinton, L. Gan.  Proceedings of the IEEE Wescanex 93 Conference, May 1993, pp. 100-106.

    465.         "Reliability of Electric Power System Equipment", R. Billinton. Electrical Technology in Industry, Century Publications, 1992, pp. 141-145.

    466.         "Reliability Analysis", R.N. Allan, R. Billinton.  Electrical Engineers Reference Book, Butterworth Heinemann, 1993, pp. 7-1 to 7-18.

    467.         "Station Reliability Evaluation Using a Monte Carlo Approach", R. Billinton, G. Lian.  IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Volume 8, No. 3, July 1993, pp. 1239-1245.

    468.         "Utilization of Interrupted Energy Assessment Rates to Evaluate Reliability Worth in Electric Power Systems", L. Goel, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 8, No. 3, August 1993,           pp. 929-936.

    469.         "A System State Transition Sampling Method for Composite System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton,    W. Li.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 8, No. 3, August 1993, pp. 761-770.  

    470.         "Incorporation and Effects of Different Supporting Policies in Multi-Area Generation System Reliability Assessment", W. Li, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 8, No. 3, August 1993,        pp. 1061-1067.

    471.         "Effects of Non-Utility Generators on Composite System Adequacy Evaluation", R. Billinton, F. Gbeddy.  IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 8, No. 3, August 1993, pp. 771-777.

    472.         "Generating Unit Operating Reserve Assessment In a Composite Generation and Transmission System",      R. Billinton, G. Lian.  Proceedings of the Power System Computational Conference, Avignon, France, August 1993, pp. 63-70.

    473.         "Power System Reliability and its Assessment - Part 3, Distribution Systems and Economic Considerations", R.N. Allan, R. Billinton.  Power Engineering Journal, August 1993, pp. 185-192.

    474.         "A Canadian Cost of Interruption Study", G. Wacker, G. Tollefson, R. Billinton. Proceedings of the Athens POWERTECH-IEEE Conference, Greece, September 1993, pp. 861-865.

    475.         "Hierarchical Reliability Evaluation In An Electric Power System", R. Billinton, J. Satish, L. Goel.  Proceedings of the Athens POWERTECH-IEEE Conference, Greece, September 1993, pp. 616-621.

    476.         "A Practical Approach To Evaluating The Marginal Outage Costs Of Generating Systems", R. Billinton,      R. Ghajar.  Proceedings of the Athens POWERTECH-IEEE Conference, Greece, September1993,      pp. 786-790.

    477.         "Generating Unit Commitment in Composite Generation and Transmission Systems", M.E. Khan,                 R. Billinton.  IEE Proceedings-C, Vol. 140, No. 5, September 1993, pp. 404-410.

    478.         "Power System Reliability Worth Assessment", R. Billinton, G. Tollefson, G. Wacker.  Proceedings of the SRE Symposium, Arnhem, Netherlands, October 1993.

    479.         "Reliability Evaluation Of Electric Distribution Systems", R. Billinton, J. Aweya, J. Satish.  Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Electricity Distribution and Energy Management, Singapore, October 1993, pp. 322-327.

    480.         ------J

    481.         "Customer Costs Associated With Electric Supply Failures", R. Billinton, G. Wacker, G. Tollefson.  Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Electricity Distribution and Energy Management, Singapore, October 1993, pp. 328-332.

    482.         "Reliability Worth Evaluation in Electric Power Distribution Systems", R. Billinton, J. Satish, J. Aweya.  Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Electricity Distribution and Energy Management, Singapore, October 1993, pp. 333-337.

    483.         "Monte Carlo Simulation Model for Multi-area Generation System Reliability Studies", R. Billinton, L. Gan.  IEE - Proceedings - C Vol. 140, No. 6, November 1993, pp. 532-538.

    484.         "Comparison of Alternative Techniques for Evaluating the Marginal Outage Costs of Generating Systems", R. Ghajar, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 8, No. 4, November 1993,                  pp. 1550-1556.

    485.         "Consideration of Dependent Outages in Security Constrained Adequacy Evaluation of Composite systems", R. Billinton, G. Lian.  IEE Proceedings - C, Vol. 141, No. 1, January 1994, pp. 47-52.

    486.         "Use Of A Reliability Index in Surface Mine Production Contingency Evaluation", K. Kumar, R. Billinton.  The Mining Engineer, Vol. 152, No. 377, February 1994, pp. 229-233.

    487.         "Bulk Power System Reliability Criteria and Indices:  Trends and Future Needs", R.J. Ringlee, R. Billinton, et al.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 9, No. 1, February 1994, pp. 181-190.

    488.         "Evaluation of Marginal Outage Costs of Generating Systems for the Purposes of Spot Pricing", R. Billinton, R. Ghajar.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 9, No. 1, February 1994, pp. 68-75.

    489.         "Bibliography on the Application of Probability Methods in Power System Reliability Evaluation, 1987-1991", R.N. Allan, R. Billinton, A.M. Breipohl, C.H. Grigg.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 9, No. 1, February 1994, pp. 41-49.

    490.         "A Canadian Customer Survey to Assess Power System Reliability Worth", G. Tollefson, R. Billinton,        G. Wacker, E. Chan, J. Aweya.  IEEE Transactions.on Power Systems, Vol. 9, No. 1, February 1994, pp. 443-450.

    491.         "Effect of Protection Systems on Bulk Power Reliability Evaluation", M. Shahidehpour, R. Billinton, et al.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 9, No. 1, February 1994, pp. 198-205.

    492.         "Evaluation of the Marginal Outage Costs in Electric Generating Systems", R. Billinton, R. Ghajar.  Utilities Policy, Vol. 4, No. 2, April 1994, pp. 155-164.

    493.         "Hierarchical Power System Reliability Evaluation Using the Canadian Electrical Association Data Base",     R. Billinton, J. Satish, R. Ghajar.  CEA Transactions, 1994.

    494.         "Adequacy Evaluation of Generating Systems Containing WECS Using Simulation Techniques", R. Billinton, X. Cao, R. Ghajar.  CEA Transactions, 1994.

    495.         "Composite Power System Health Analysis Using A Security Constrained Adequacy Evaluation Procedure", R. Billinton, G. Lian.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 9, No. 2, May 1994, pp. 936-941.

    496.         "Adequacy and Security Considerations in Generating Capacity Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton,            M. Fothuhi-Firuzabad.  Proceedings of the Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering.  Tehran, Iran, May 1994, pp. 85-93.

    497.         "Determination of Reliability Worth for Distribution System Planning", L. Goel, R. Billinton.   IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 9, No. 3, July 1994, pp. 1577-1583.

    498.         "Operating Reserve Risk Assessment in Composite Power Systems", G. Lian, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 9, No. 3, August 1994, pp. 1270-1276.

    499.         "A Basic Framework For Generating System Operating Health Analysis", R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 9, No. 3, August 1994, pp. 1610-1617.

    500.         "Generating System Operating Health Analysis Considering Standby Units, Interruptible Load and Postponable Outages", R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 9, No. 3, August 1994, 1618-1625.

    501.         "Adequacy Assessment Of Composite Power Systems With HVDC Links Using Monte Carlo Simulation",  R. Billinton, A. Sankarakrishnan.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 9, No. 3, August 1994,       pp. 1626-1633.

    502.         "A System State Transition Sampling Technique for Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, A. Sankarakrishnan.  Reliability Engineering and System Safety, Vol. 44, No. 2, 1994, pp. 131-134.

    503.         "A Comparison of Three Fundamentally Different Methods for Generating Capacity Reliability Evaluation", L. Goel, R. Billinton.  Electric Power Systems Research Journal, Vol. 29, No. 1, 1994, pp. 1-8.

    504.         "Monte Carlo Simulation Applied to Distribution Feeder Reliability Evaluation", L. Goel, R. Billinton.  Electric Power System Research, Journal, Vol. 29, No. 3, 1994, pp. 193-202.

    505.         Prediction of Customer Load Point Service Reliability Worth Estimates In An Electric Power System".         L. Goel, R. Billinton.  IEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission, Distribution, Vol. 141, No. 4, July 1994, pp. 390-396.

    506.         "Predictive Assessment of Bulk-System-Reliability Performance Indices", R. Billinton, J. Satish.   IEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission, Distribution, Vol. 141, No. 5, September 1994, pp. 466-472.

    507.         "Prediction of Customer Supply Interruption Cost Using Distribution System Reliability Criteria", L. Goel,  R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Electric Power Systems Conference, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, September 1994.

    508.         "Impact of Reinforcements on Overall Power System Reliability Indices".  R. Billinton, J. Satish.  Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Electric Power Systems Conference, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, September 1994.

    509.         "Evaluation of the Marginal Outage Costs in Electric Power Systems", R. Ghajar, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Electric Power Systems Conference, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, September 1994.

    510.         "Reliability of an HVDC System Using Monte Carlo Simulation", R. Billinton, A. Sankarakrishnan.  Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Electric Power Systems Conference, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, September 1994.

    511.         "System Health Considerations in Unit Commitment", R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad.  Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Electric Power Systems Conference, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, September 1994.

    512.         "Cost Benefit Approach in Generation, Transmission, Distribution System Planning", L. Goel, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Electric Power Systems Conference, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, September 1994.

    513.         "Evaluation of the Marginal Outage Costs In Composite Generation And Transmission Systems", R. Ghajar, R. Billinton.  Electric Power System Research Journal, Vol. 31, No. 2, 1994, pp. 79-86.

    514.         "Effects of Adverse Weather Conditions and Higher Order Outages on Customer Interruption Costs in Electric Subtransmission Systems".  L. Goel, R. Billinton, R. Gupta.  Electric Power Systems Research Journal, Vol. 31, No. 3, 1994, pp. 195-202.

    515.         "Wind System Reliability Evaluation:  A Monte Carlo Approach", R. Billinton, M. Gasper, R. Ghajar.  Proceedings of the Canadian Wind Energy Conference.  Regina, Saskatchewan, October 1994, pp. 181-197.

    516.         "Evaluation of Reliability Worth in an Electric Power System", R. Billinton.  Reliability Engineering and System Safety, Vol. 46, No. 1, 1994, pp. 15-23.

    517.         "Utilization of Quantitative Reliability Concepts in Evaluating the Marginal Outage Costs of Electric Generating Systems", R. Ghajar, R. Billinton. Reliability Engineering and System Safety, Vol. 46, No. 1, 1994, pp. 93-100.

    518.         "Power System Reliability", R.N. Allan, R. Billinton.  Journal of Power Generation Technology, 1994,       pp. 71-76.

    519.         "Value Based Distribution Reliability Assessment and Planning", R.L. Chen, K. Allen, R. Billinton.   IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 10, No. 1, January 1995, pp. 421-429.

    520.         "A New Technique for Active Minimal Cut Set Selection Used in Substation Reliability Evaluation",            R. Billinton, G. Lian.  Journal of Microelectronics and Reliability, Vol. 35, No. 5, 1995, pp. 797-805.

    521.         "Probability Distribution Approach to Describe Customer Costs Due to Electric Supply Interruptions",         R. Billinton, E. Chan, G. Wacker.  IEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 141, No. 6, November 1994, pp. 594-598.

    522.         "Impacts on Predicted Customer Interruption Costs of Different Failure Modes Affecting the Reliability of Electric Subtransmission Systems",  L. Goel, R. Billinton, R. Gupta.  Proceedings of the International Power Conference, Singapore, March 1995, pp. 12-17.

    523.         "Concepts of Data for Assessing the Reliability of Transmission and Distribution Equipment", R.N. Allan,    R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the IEE Conference on the Reliability of Transmission and Distribution Equipment, IEE No. 406, March 1995, pp. 1-6.

    524.         "The Canadian Electrical Association Approach to Transmission and Distribution Equipment Reliability Assessment", R. Billinton, R. Ghajar, F. Filippelli, R. Del Bianco.  Proceedings of the IEE Conference on the Reliability of Transmission and Distribution Equipment, IEE No. 406, March 1995, pp.7-12.

    525.         "Transmission Equipment Reliability Using the Canadian Electrical Association Information System",           R. Billinton, R. Ghajar, F. Filippelli, R. Del Bianco.  Proceedings of the IEE Conference on the Reliability of Transmission and Distribution Equipment, IEE No. 406, March 1995, pp.13-18.

    526.         "Avoided Operating Costs in Thermal Generating Systems", N. Chowdhury, R. Billinton, R. Gupta.  Proceedings of the CEA Electricity 95 Conference, March 1995.

    527.         "NUG Reliability Implications in a Composite Generation and Transmission System", R. Billinton, S. Adzanu.  Proceedings of the CEA Electricity 95 Conference, March 1995, pp. 1-19.

    528.         "System and Equipment Performance Assessment", R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the IEE Symposium on the Reliability Security and Power Quality of Distribution Systems, April 1995, pp. 1-16.

    529.         "A Comparison of Monte Carlo Simulation Techniques for Composite Power System Reliability Assessment", R. Billinton, A. Sankarakrishnan.  Proceedings of  the IEEE Wescanex 95 Conference, May 1995, pp. 145-150.

    530.         "A Basic Framework for Composite Power System Security Evaluation", R. Billinton, S. Aboreshaid.  Proceedings of  the IEEE Wescanex 95 Conference, May 1995, pp. 151-160.

    531.         "Composite System Reliability Concepts in the Evaluation of Non-Utility Generation", R. Billinton, S. Adzanu.  Proceedings of the IEEE Wescanex 95 Conference, May 1995, pp. 157-162.

    532.         "An Adequacy Equivalent Approach for Composite Power System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton.       W. Zhang.  Proceedings of the IEEE Wescanex 95 Conference, May 1995, pp. 163-168.

    533.         "A Probabilistic Technique for Operating Reserve Assessment Using System Operating States", R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad.  Proceedings of the IEEE Wescanex 95 Conference, May 1995, pp. 169-174.

    534.         "Reliability Cost/Reliability Worth Assessment of Station Configurations", R. Billinton, J. Satish.  Proceedings of the IEEE Wescanex 95 Conference, May 1995, pp. 175-180.

    535.         "A Generalized Method for Distribution System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, P. Wang.  Proceedings of the IEEE Wescanex 95 Conference, May 1995, pp. 349-354.

    536.         "Evaluation of the Marginal Outage Costs in Interconnected Generating Systems", R. Ghajar, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the IEEE Wescanex 95 Conference, May 1995, pp. 355-360.

    537.         "Development of Customer Survey Instruments for Reliability Worth Evaluation in Electric Power Systems", J. Gates, G. Wacker, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the IEEE Wescanex 95 Conference, May 1995, pp. 12-17.

    538.         "Composite System Spinning Reserve Assessment in Interconnected Systems", M.E. Khan, R. Billinton.   IEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 142, No. 3, May 1995, pp. 305-309.

    539.         "Evaluation of the Marginal Outage Costs in Interconnected and Composite Power Systems".  R. Ghajar, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 10, No. 2, May 1995, pp. 753-759.

    540.         "Pertinent Factors in the Adequacy Evaluation of an Overall Electric Power System", L. Goel, R. Billinton.  IEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 142, No. 4, July 1995, pp. 337-342.

    541.         "Stochastic Modelling of High Speed Reclosing in Probabilistic Transient Stability Studies", R. Billinton,     S. Aboreshaid.  IEE-Proceedings - Generation, Transmission and Distribution.  Vol. 142, No. 4, July 1995, pp. 350-354.

    542.         "Sequential Monte Carlo Simulation for Composite Power System Reliability Analysis with Time Varying Loads", A. Sankarakrishnan, R. Billinton.   IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 10, No. 3, August 1995, pp. 1540-1545.

    543.         "Cost-Benefit Analysis of Power System Reliability:  Two Utility Case Studies", E.G. Neudorf, R. Billinton et al.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 10, No. 3, August 1995, pp. 1667-1675.

    544.         "An Approach to Evaluating System Well-Being in Engineering Reliability Applications", R. Billinton,         M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, S. Aboreshaid.  Journal of Reliability Engineering and System Safety, Vol. 50, No. 1, August 1995, pp. 1-5.

    545.         "Economic Implications to Electric Power Utilities of Wind Energy Produced by Non-Utility Generation",   R. Gupta, N. Chowdhury, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering.  September 1995, pp. 177-180.

    546.         "Security Evaluation of Composite Power Systems", R. Billinton, S. Aboreshaid.  IEE Proceedings – Generation, Transmission, Distribution,  Vol. 142, No. 5, September 1995, pp. 511-516.

    547.         "Minimum Cost Analysis of Station Configurations", J. Satish, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 10, No. 4, October 1995, pp. 1799-1805.

    548.         "Pooling Generating Unit Data for Improved Estimates of Performance Indices", A.M. Breipohl, R. Billinton et al.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 10, No. 4, November 1995, pp. 1912-1918.

    549.         "Adequacy Assessment and Worth Evaluation and its Application to NUG Planning in Composite Generation and Transmission Systems", R. Billinton, A. Sankarakrishnan, S. Adzanu, J. Satish.  Proceedings of the Singapore Conference on Energy Management and Power Delivery, November 1995.

    550.         "Application of Reliability Concepts to the Nepal Power System", R. Billinton, M. Pandey, S. Aboreshaid,  M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad.  Proceedings of the Singapore Conference Conference on Energy Management and Power Delivery, November 1995.

    551.         "An Integrated Approach to Power System Reliability Assessment", M.Th. Schilling, M.B. DoCoutto Filho, A.M. Leite da Silva, R. Billinton, R.N. Allan.  Journal of Electric Power and Energy Systems, Vol. 17, No. 6, December 1995, pp. 381-390.

    552.         "Adequacy and Reliability Cost/Worth Implications of Non Utility Generation", R. Billinton, S. Adzanu..  IEE Proceedings - Generation-Transmission-Distribution, Vol. 143, No. 1, January 1996, pp. 115-122.

    553.         "Effect of Rotational Load Shedding on Overall Power System Adequacy Indices", R. Billinton, J. Satish.  IEE Proceedings on Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 143, No. 2, March 1996, pp. 181-187.

    554.         "Impact of Power Wheeling on Composite System Adequacy Evaluation", R. Billinton, F. Gbeddy.  Journal of Electric Power And Energy System, Vol. 18, No. 3, March 1996, pp. 143-151.

    555.         "Reserve Capacity Assessment in Small Isolated Electric Power Generating Systems", R. Billinton,             M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad.  Power Engineering Journal, Vol. 10, No. 2, April 1996, pp. 73-80.

    556.         "Generating System Operating Health Analysis", R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, S. Aboreshaid.          CEA, Electricity - 96 Conference, Transactions of the CEA, April 1996.

    557.         "Impacts of Demand Side Management on Reliability Cost/Reliability Worth Analysis", R. Billinton,            D. Lakhanpal.  IEE Proceedings, Generation, Transmission Distribution, Vol. 143, No. 3, May 1996,         pp. 225-231.

    558.         "Conceptual Framework for Composite Power System Health Analysis", R. Billinton, S. Aboreshaid,           M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad.  Proceedings, Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 1996.

    559.         "Reliability Cost/Worth Analysis of Non-Utility Generation", R. Billinton, S. Adzanu.  Proceedings, Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 1996.

    560.         "Variance Reduction Techniques for Use with Sequential Monte Carlo Simulation in Bulk Power System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, A. Jonnavithula.  Proceedings, Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 1996.

    561.         "Quantitative Reliability Assessment of Electric Power System in Developing Countries", R. Billinton,        M. Pandey.  Proceedings, Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 1996.

    562.         "Economic Impact of Non-Utility Generation in Hydrothermal Systems With Variable Head Hydro Units",  R. Gupta, N. Chowdhury, R. Billinton.  Proceedings, Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 1996.

    563.         "Spinning Reserve Allocation Using Response Health Analysis", M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, R. Billinton,               S. Aboreshaid.  IEE Proceedings - Generation - Transmission - Distribution, Vol. 143, No.4, July 1996,      pp. 337-343.

    564.         "Optimal Switching Device Placement in Radial Distribution Systems", R. Billinton, S. Jonnavithula.  IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 11, No. 3, July 1996, pp. 1646-1651.

    565.         "Time Series Models for Reliability Evaluation of Power Systems Including Wind Energy", R. Billinton,       H. Chen, R. Ghajar.  Journal of Microelectronics and Reliability, Vol. 36, No. 9, August 1996, pp. 1253-1261.

    566.         "Reporting Bulk Power System Delivery Point Reliability", E. Weber, R. Billinton et al.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 11, No. 3, August 1996, pp. 1262-1268.

    567.         "Effective Techniques for Reliability Worth Assessment in Composite Power System Networks Using Monte Carlo Simulation", A. Sankarakrishnan, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 11, No. 3, August 1996, pp. 1255-1261.

    568.         "Distributed Nature of Residential Customer Outage Costs", R. Ghajar, R. Billinton, E. Chan.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 11, No. 3, August 1996, pp. 1236-1244.

    569.         "Cost Benefit Analysis of Terminal Station Configurations in an Electric Power System", R. Billinton,          S. Jonnavithula.  Proceedings of the 12th Power System Computational Conference, August 1996, pp. 152-158.

    570.         "Incorporating the Distributed Nature of Customer Interruption Costs in Reliability Worth Assessment",      R. Billinton, G. Wacker, E. Chan.  Proceedings of the 12th Power System Computational Conference, August 1996, pp. 1025-1031.

    571.         "Enhanced Adequacy Equivalent for Composite Power System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, Iv. Zhong.  IEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission, Distribution, Vol. 143, No. 5, September 1996,         pp. 420-426.

    572.         "Stochastic Evaluation of Turbine-Generator Shaft Torsional Torques During Faulty Synchronization",    S.O. Faried, R. Billinton, S. Aboreshaid, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad.  IEE Proceedings on Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 143, No. 5, September 1996, pp. 487-491.

    573.         "Minimum Cost Analysis of Feeder Routing in Distribution System Planning", S. Jonnavithula, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 11, No. 4, October 1996, pp. 1935-1940.

    574.         "A Test System for Teaching Overall Power System Reliability Assessment", R. Billinton, S. Jonnavithula.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 11, No. 4, November 1996, pp. 1670-1676.

    575.         "Probabilistic Transient Stability Studies Using the Method of Bisection", S. Aboreshaid, R. Billinton,          M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 11, No. 4, November 1996, pp. 1990-1995.

    576.         "Response Health Constraints in Economic Load Dispatch Considering Standby Units, Interruptible Loads and Postponable Outages", M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, R. Billinton, S. Aboreshaid.  IEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission, Distribution, Vol. 143, No. 6, November 1996, pp. 599-607.

    577.         A Sequential Simulation Technique for Adequacy Evaluation of Generating Systems Including Wind Energy", R. Billinton, H. Chen, R. Ghajar.  IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 11, No. 4, December 1996, pp. 728-734.

    578.         "A Stochastic Approach for the Evaluation of Turbine-Generator Shaft Stresses Following Faulty Synchronization", S. Aboreshaid, R. Billinton, S.O. Faried.  Proceedings of the Fifth International Middle East Power System Conference, MEPCON 97, January 1997, pp. 224-228.

    579.         "Power System Health Analysis", R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, S. Aboreshaid.  Reliability Engineering and System Safety, Vol. 55, No. 1, January 1997, pp. 1-8.

    580.         "Composite System Adequacy Assessment Using Sequential Monte Carlo Simulation with Variance Reduction Techniques", R. Billinton, A. Jonnavithula.  IEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission, Distribution, Vol. 144, No. 1, January 1997, pp. 1-6.

    581.         "Topological Analysis in Bulk Power System Reliability Evaluation", S. Jonnavithula, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 12, No. 1, February 1997, pp. 456-463.

    582.         "Stochastic Evaluation of Turbine-Generator Shaft Torsional Torques", R. Billinton, S. Aboreshaid,         S.O. Faried.  IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 12, No. 1, March 1997, pp. 17-23.

    583.         "Application of Sequential Monte Carlo Simulation to Evaluation of Distributions of Composite System Indices", R. Billinton, A. Jonnavithula.  IEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission, Distribution, Vol. 144, No. 2, March 1997, pp. 87-90.

    584.         "Economic Impact of Cogenerated Energy on a Power System", R. Gupta, N. Chowdhury, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of International Power Engineering Conference, Singapore, March 1997, pp. 276-281.

    585.         "Reliability Considerations in the New Electric Power Utility Industry", R. Billinton.  Canadian Electricity Association Electricity 97' Conference and Exposition, April 1997, pp. 1-10.

    586.         "Well-Being Analysis for HVDC Transmission Systems", R. Billinton, S. Aboreshaid, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 12, No. 2, May 1997, pp. 913-918.

    587.         "Energy and Load Curtailment Based Indices in Probabilistic Transient Stability Studies", R. Billinton,         S. Aboreshaid.  Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 2, 1997.

    588.         "A Hybrid Deterministic/Probabilistic Technique for HVDC Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton,S. Aboreshaid, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad.  Proceedings IEEE WESCANEX Conference, June 1997, pp. 35-40.

    589.         "Composite Generation and Transmission System Adequacy Assessment with Time Varying Loads Using a Contingency Enumeration Approach", R. Billinton, S. Adzanu.  Proceedings IEEE WESCANEX Conference, June 1997, pp. 41-46.

    590.         "Effect of Windturbine Parameters on the Capacity Adequacy of Generating Systems Using Wind Energy", R. Billinton, H. Chen.  Proceedings IEEE WESCANEX Conference, June 1997, pp. 47-52.

    591.         "Reliability Assessment of an Electric Power System Using a Reliability Network Equivaleent Approach",    R. Billinton, P. Wang, Wei Zhang.  Proceedings IEEE WESCANEX Conference, June 1997, pp. 53-58.

    592.         Impacts of Pertinent Factors on Reliability Worth Indices in an Electric Power System", L. Goel,               R. Billinton.  Electric Power Systems Research 41 (1997), pp. 151-158.

    593.         "Unit Commitment Health Analysis for Interconnected Systems", R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad,            S. Aboreshaid.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 12, No. 3, August 1997, pp. 1194-1201.

    594.         "Embedding Deterministic Considerations Into the Probabilistic Evaluation of Electric Power Systems".       . R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, S. Aboreshaid.  Proceedings of the University Power Engineering Conference, Manchester, U.K., September 1997, Vol. 1, pp. 85-88.

    595.         "Teaching Overall Power System Reliability Assessment", R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the University Power Engineering Conference, Manchester, U.K., September 1997, Vol. 2, pp. 1085-1088.

    596.         "An Approach to Load Point Health Analysis", R. Billinton, S. Aboreshaid.  Proceedings of the Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems - 1997 Conference, Vancouver, B.C., September 1997, pp. 3-8.

    597.         "Determination of Load Carrying Capacity Benefits of Wind Energy Conversion Systems", R. Billinton,      H. Chen.  Proceedings of the Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems - 1997 Conference, Vancouver, B.C., September 1997, pp. 169-174.

    598.         "Equivalents in Adequacy Evaluation of Power Systems", R. Billinton, W. Zhang. Proceedings of the Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems - 1997 Conference, Vancouver, B.C., September 1997,    pp. 195-200.

    599.         "Reliability Cost Worth Assessment of Non-Utility Generation in Composite Generation and Transmission Systems", R. Billinton, S. Adzanu.  Proceedings of the Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems - 1997 Conference, Vancouver, B.C., September 1997, pp. 229-334.

    600.         "Probabilistic Methods Applied to Adequacy Assessment of Small Isolated Power Generating Systems",       R. Billinton, R. Karki, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, Proceedings of the Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems - 1997 Conference, Vancouver, B.C., September 1997, pp. 457-462.

    601.         "Reliability Worth Assessment of Electric Power Systems in Developing Countries", R. Billinton, M. Pandey.  Proceedings of the Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems - 1997 Conference, Vancouver, B.C., September 1997, pp. 589-594.

    602.         "Practical Considerations for Calculating Marginal Outage Costs", R.F. Ghajar, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Conference on Computer Simulation, Beirut, Lebanon, September 1997, pp. 6.

    603.         "Application of the State Transition Sampling Technique to System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton,         A. Jonnavithula.  Proceedings of the Advances in Reliability Technology Conference, April 1996, Journal of Quality and Reliability Engineering International, Vol. 13, No. 5, September/October 1997, pp. 311-315.

    604.         "Diagnosing the Health of Engineering Systems", R. Billinton, S. Aboreshaid, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad.  Proceedings of the Advances in Reliability Technology Conference, April 1996,  Journal of Quality and Reliability Engineering International, Vol. 13, No. 5, September/October 1997, pp. 317-323.

    605.         "Generalized n+2 State System Markov Model for Station-Oriented Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton,      H. Chen, J. Zhou.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 12, No. 4, November 1997, pp. 1511-1517.

    606.         "Recommendations and Final Report in the Alberta TransmissionAdministrator Function", R. Billinton,        R. Smith, B. Wallace.  The National Regulatory Research Institute Quarterly Bulletin, Vol. 18, No. 3, November 1997, pp. 309-326.

    607.         "Features that Influence Composite Power System Reliability Worth Assessment", A. Jonnavithula,              R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 12, No. 4, November 1997, pp. 1536-1541.

    608.         "An Energy Based Approach to Evaluate Optimum Interruptible Load Carrying Capability in Isolated and Interconnected Systems Including Well-Being Constraints", M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 12, No. 4, November 1997, pp. 1676-1681.

    609.         "Reliability Issues in Today's Electric Power Utility Environment", R. Billinton et al.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 12, No. 4, November 1997, pp. 1708-1714.

    610.         "Diagnosing the Health of Bulk Generation and HVDC Transmission Systems", R. Billinton, S. Aboreshaid, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 12, No. 4, November 1997, pp. 1740-1745.

    611.         "Weaknesses of the Conventional Three-State Model in Station-Oriented Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, H. Chen.  Journal of Microelectronics and Reliability, Vol. 37, No. 12, November 1997, pp. 1799-1804.

    612.         "Evaluation of Avoided Operating Cost Utilizing a Probabilistic Technique", R. Gupta, N. Chowdhury,       R. Billinton, L. Goel.  Proceedings of the Energy Management and Power Delivery 98 Conference, Singapore, March 3, 1998, pp. 73-78.

    613.         "An Approach for Reliability Evaluation of HVDC Transmission Systems Using a Wellbeing Framework",    R   Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, S. Aboreshaid.  Proceedings of the Energy Management and Power Delivery 98 Conference, Singapore, March 3, 1998, pp. 363-368.

    614.         "A New Approach to Adequacy Assessment of Small Isolated Power Generation Systems", R. Billinton,      M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, R. Karki.  Proceedings of the Energy Management and Power Delivery 98 Conference, Singapore, March 3, 1998, pp. 625-630.

    615.         "Optimal Maintenance Scheduling in a Two identical Component Parallel Redundant System", R. Billinton,  J. Pan.  Journal of Reliability Engineering and System Safety, Vol. 59, No. 3, March 1998, pp. 309-316.

    616.         "Algorithm for Failure Frequency and Duration Assessment of Composite Power Systems", R. Billinton,    W. Zhang.  IEE Proceedings - Generation - Transmission - Distribution, Vol. 145, No. 2, March 1998,       pp. 117-122.

    617.         "Reliability Network Equivalent Approach to Distribution System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton,         P. Wang.  IEE Proceedings - Generation - Transmission - Distribution, Vol. 145, No. 2, March 1998, pp. 149-153.

    618.         "Customer Interruption Cost Assessment and Utilization", R. Billinton, R.N. Allan.  Proceedings of the       IV Symposium in Electric Operational and Expansion Planning, Salvador, Brazil, May 1998.

    619.         "Wellbeing Analysis in the New Competitive Environment of an Electric Power System", R. Billinton,        M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, S. Aboreshaid.   Proceedings of the IV Symposium in Electric Operational and Expansion Planning, Salvador, Brazil, May 1998.

    620.         "Voltage Stability Considerations in Composite Power System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton,               S. Aboreshaid.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 13, No. 2, May 1998, pp. 655-660.

    621.         "Application of an Adequacy Equivalent Method in Bulk Power System Reliability Evaluation", W. Zhang,   R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 13, No. 2, May 1998, pp. 661-666.

    622.         "Cost-Benefit Analysis of Generation Additions in System Planning", S. Jonnavithula, R. Billinton.            IEE Proceedings Generation, Transmission, Distribution, Vol. 145, No. 3, May 1998, pp. 288-292.

    623.         "Reliability Considerations in Electric Power Systems", R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Conference on Energy and Environmental Management for the 21st Century in Lebanon and the Middle East (ENVIMA), Beirut, Lebanon, June 1998, pp. 18.

    624.         Effect of Adaptive Single Pole Reclosing on the Stochastic Behavior of Turbine-Generator Shaft Torsional Torques”, S. Aboreshaid, R. Billinton, S.O. Faried.  IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 13, No. 2, June 1998, pp. 133-139.

    625.         Reliability Evaluation in Modern Electric Power Systems”, R. Billinton.  Quality and Reliability Engineering International, Vol. 14, Issue 3, July 1998, pp. 121-122.

    626.         State Extension in Adequacy Evaluation of Composite Power Systems – Concept and Algorithm”,              R. Billinton, W. Zhang.  Electric Power Systems Research 47 (1998), pp. 189-195.

    627.         Demand-Side Optimal Selection of Switching Devices in Radial Distribution System Planning”, P. Wang,    R. Billinton.  IEE Proceedings, Generation, Transmission, Distribution, Vol. 195, No. 4, July 1998, pp. 409-414.

    628.         Assessment of Risk-Based Capacity Benefit Factors Associated with Wind Energy Conversion Systems”,   R. Billinton, H. Chen.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 13, No. 3, August 1998, pp. 1191-1196.

    629.         Composite System Reliability Evaluation Using Sequential Monte Carlo Simulation”, R. Billinton, D. Li.  Proceedings of the University Power Engineering Conference, September 1998, Edinburgh, UK, pp. 38-42.

    630.         Determination and Sensitivity of Interrupted Energy Assessment Rates”, R. Billinton, Y. Jiang, G. Wacker.  Proceedings of the University Power Engineering Conference. September 1998, Edinburgh, UK. pp.

    631.         Canadian Utility System Reliability Performance”, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Reliability in a Deregulated Market International Conference and Summit Meeting, September 1998, Washington, DC, USA.

    632.         Distribution System Reliability Cost/Worth Analysis Using Analytical and Sequential Simulation Techniques”, R. Billinton, P. Wang.  IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 13, No. 4, November 1998, pp. 1245-1250.

    633.         Customer Interruption Cost Assessment:  An International Perspective”, R. Billinton, M. Pandey.  IEEE Power Engineering Review, January 1999, pp. 65-66.

    634.         Deregulated Power System Planning Using a Reliability Network Equivalent Technique”, R. Billinton,        P. Wang.  IEE Proceedings – Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 146, No. 1, January 1999,   pp. 25-30.

    635.         Capacity Planning in Small Isolated Power Systems Using Probabilistic Methods”, R. Billinton, R. Karki.  IEE Proceedings – Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 146, No. 1, January 1999, pp. 61-64.

    636.         Determination of the Optimum Site-Matching Wind Turbine Using Risk-Based Capacity Benefit Factors,   R. Billinton, H. Chen.  IEE Proceedings – Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 146, No. 1, January 1999, pp. 96-100.

    637.         Electric Service Reliability Worth Evaluation for Government, Institutions and Office Buildings”, J. Gates, R. Billinton, G. Wacker.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 14, No. 1, February 1999, pp. 43-50.

    638.         Bibliography on the Application of Probability Methods in Power System Reliability Evaluation:  1992-1996”, R.N. Allan, R. Billinton, A.M. Breipohl, C.H. Grigg.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 14, No. 1, February 1999, pp. 51-57.

    639.         Probabilistic Evaluation of Voltage Stability”, S. Aboreshaid, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 14, No. 1, February 1999, pp. 342-348.

    640.         Power System Reliability Enhancement Using a Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitor”, R. Billinton,         M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, S. Faried.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 14, No. 1, February 1999, pp. 369-374.

    641.         Program Improvements in the CEA Service Continuity Report and Impact of the Ice Storm on CEA Data”, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Canadian Electricity Association Electricity 99 Conference, Vancouver, B.C., March 1999.

    642.         Calculation of Frequency, Duration and Availability Indices in Complex Networks”, R. Billinton,                 S. Jonnavithula.  IEEE Transactions on Reliability, Vol. 48, No. 1, March 1999, pp. 25-30.

    643.         Unit Commitment Health Analysis in Composite Generation and Transmission Systems Considering Standby Units”, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, R. Billinton.  IEE Proceedings – Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 146, No. 2, March 1999, pp. 164-168.

    644.         Teaching Distribution System Reliability Evaluation Using Monte Carlo Simulation”, R. Billinton, P. Wang.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 14, No. 2, May 1999, pp. 397-403.

    645.         Capacity Reserve Assessment Using System Well-Being Analysis”, R. Billinton, R. Karki. IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 14, No. 2, May 1999, pp. 433-438.

    646.         Generating Unit Commitment Using a Reliability Framework”, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 1999 IEEE Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 1999,  pp. 1309-1313.

    647.         Determination of Interruptible Load Carrying Capability Using Sequential Monte Carlo Simulation”,          H. Chen. R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 1999 IEEE Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 1999, pp. 1460-1464.

    648.         Determination and Use of Sector and Composite Customer Damage Functions”, S.A. Ali, G. Wacker,        R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 1999 IEEE Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 1999, pp.1483-1488.

    649.         Electric Service Reliability Worth Determination in the Nepal Power System”, M. Pandey, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 1999 IEEE Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 1999,  pp. 1465-1470.

    650.         New Techniques to Determine Appropriate System Capacity Requirements”, R. Karki, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 1999 IEEE Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 1999,  pp. 1758-1763.

    651.         Extending Unit Commitment Health Analysis to Include Transmission Considerations”, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, R. Billinton, M.E. Khan.  Journal of Electric Power Systems Research, Vol. 50, No. 1, May 1999, pp. 35-42.

    652.         Reliability Worth of Distribution System Network Reinforcement Considering Dispersed Customer Cost Data”, R. Billinton, P. Wang.  IEE Proceedings – Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 146, No. 3, May 1999, pp. 318-324.

    653.         Development of a Method for ELDC Construction in a Composite Power System”, J. Choi, D. Do,            S. Moon, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 1999 Large Engineering Systems Conference on Power Engineering, Halifax, Canada, June 1999.

    654.         A Well-Being Framework for Incorporating Demand-Side Management in Power System Reliability Evaluation”, R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi Firuzabad.  Proceedings of the 13th Power System Computational Conference, Norway, July 1999, pp. 60-66.

    655.         Generating System Adequacy Evaluation using System Well-Being Techniques”, R. Billinton, R. Karki.  Proceedings of the 13th  Power System Computational Conference, Norway, July 1999, pp. 88-94.

    656.         Optimal Maintenance Scheduling in a Parallel Redundant System Consisting of Series Components in Each Branch”, R. Billinton, J. Pan.  IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 14, No. 3, July 1999, pp. 928-933.

    657.         Time Sequential Distribution System Reliability Worth Analysis Considering Time Varying Load and Cost Models”, P. Wang, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 14, No. 3, July 1999, pp. 1046-1051.

    658.         A Framework for Incorporating Voltage and Transient Stability Considerations in Well-Being Evaluation of Composite Power Systems”, S. Aboreshaid, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the IEEE Power Engineering Society Summer Power Meeting, July 1999, pp. 219-224.

    659.         Economic Impact of Cogenerated Energy on a Power System”, R. Gupta, N. Chowdhury, R. Billinton.  Journal of the Institute of Engineers Singapore, Vol. 38, No. 6, July 1999, pp. 43-47.

    660.         Application of Monte Carlo Simulation to Generating System Well-Being Analysis”, R. Billinton, R. Karki.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 14, No. 3, August 1999, pp. 1172-1177.

    661.         The IEEE Reliability Test System – 1996”, C. Grigg, P. Wang, P. Albrecht, R.N. Allan, M. Bhavaraju, R. Billinton et al.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 14, No. 3, August 1999, pp. 1010-1020.

    662.         Adequacy Equivalent Development of Composite Generation and Transmission Systems Using a D.C. Load Flow”, R. Billinton, W. Zhang.  Reliability Engineering and System Safety, Vol. 65, No. 3, September 1999, pp. 295-305.

    663.         Long Term Demand Side Optimal Switch Selection in Radial Distribution System Planning”, R. Billinton, P. Wang.  Proceedings of the IEEE Andean Region International Conference, IEEE – ANDESCON 99, Venezuela, Sept. 8-10, 1999, pp. 10-16.

    664.         A Reliability Test System for Educational Purposes Operating Reserve Assessment”, R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad.  Proceedings of the 34th Universities Power Engineering Conference, Leicester, United Kingdom, Sept. 1999, pp. 189-192.

    665.         Effect of Time Varying Load and Cost Models on Distribution System Reliability Indices”, R. Billinton, P. Wang.  Proceedings of the 34th University Power Conference, Leicester, United Kingdom, Sept. 1999, pp. 632-635.

    666.         Generating Capacity Planning Criteria Determination for Developing Countries:  Case Study of Nepal”, R. Billinton, M. Pandey.  IEE Proceedings, Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 146, No. 5, September 1999.

    667.         Impact of Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitors on Subtransmission System Reliability”, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, R. Billinton, S.O. Faried.  Proceedings of the IEEE-Wescanex 99 Conference, October 1999, pp. 1-7.

    668.         Sensitivity of Customer Cost of Unserved Energy Indices”, G. Wacker, R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, Y. Jiang.  Proceedings of the IEEE-Wescanex 99 Conference, October 1999, pp. 22-28.

    669.         Reliability Worth Assessment in a Developing Country- Residential Survey Results”, R. Billinton, M. Pandey.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 14, No. 4, November 1999, pp. 1226-1231.

    670.         Reliability Worth Assessment in a Developing Country – Commercial and Industrial Survey Results”, M. Pandey, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 14, No. 4, November 1999, pp. 1232-1237.

    671.         Individual Generating Station Reliability Assessment”, R. Billinton, H. Chen, J. Zhou.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 14, No. 4, November 1999, pp. 1238-1244.

    672.         A Monte Carlo Simulation Approach to the Evaluation of Maximum Turbine-Generator Shaft Torsional Torques During Faulty Synchronization”, R. Billinton, S. Aboreshaid, S.O. Faried, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 14, No. 4, November 1999, pp. 1382-1387.

    673.         Optimum Load Scheduling Technique to Reduce the Total Customer Interruption Cost in a Distribution Network”, P. Wang, R. Billinton.  IEE Proceedings – Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 147, No. 1, January 2000, pp. 51-56.

    674.         Incorporating a DC Link in Composite System Reliability Evaluation”, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, R. Billinton, S.O. Faried. Proceedings of the IEEE Power Engineering Society Winter Power Meeting, January 2000, pp.

    675.         Subtransmission System Reliability Enhancement Using a Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitor”, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, R. Billinton, S.O. Faried.  IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 15, No. 1, January 2000, pp. 443-448.

    676.         Probabilistic Evaluation of Power Systems”, R.N. Allan, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the IEEE, Special Issue – The Technology of Power System Competition, February 2000, pp. 140-162.

    677.         Pseudo-Chronological Simulation for Composite Reliability Analysis with Time Varying Loads”, A.M. Leite da Silva L.A.F. da Fonseca Manso, J.C.O. de Oliveira Mello, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 15, No. 15, February 2000, pp. 73-80.

    678.         Impact of Unified Power Flow Controllers on Power System Reliability”, R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, S.O. Faried, S. Aboreshaid.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 15, No. 15, February 2000, pp. 410-415.

    679.         State Extension for Adequacy Evaluation of Composite Power Systems – Applications”, R. Billinton, W. Zhang.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 15, No. 15, February 2000, pp. 427-432.

    680.         Predicting Bulk Electricity Systems Performance Indices”, R. Billinton, X. Tang. Proceedings of the 2000 Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 2000, pp. 750-754.

    681.         Adequacy Evaluation of Interconnected Systems with an AC/DC Link Using an Equivalent Approach”, R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, S.O. Faried.  Proceedings of the 2000 Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 2000, pp. 755-759.

    682.         Probability Distribution Evaluation of Distribution System Reliability Indices Using a Time Sequential Simulation Technique”,  P. Wang, L. Goel, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 2000 Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 2000, pp. 760-764.

    683.         Impact of Adaptive Short Time Compensation on Turbine Generator Shaft Torsional Torques: A Stochastic Approach”, S.O. Faried, R. Billinton, S. Aboreschaid, M. Fotuhi-Foruzabad.  Proceedings of the 2000 Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 2000, pp. 335-339.

    684.         Reliability Modelling of Transmission System Elements”, R. Billinton, M. Fothu-Firuzabad.  Proceedings of the VII Symposium of Specialists in Electric Operational and Expansion Planning. Curitiba Brasil, May 2000.

    685.         Avaljacao Integrada da Confiabilidade de Sistemas de Geracao, Transmissao e Distribuicao”, A.M. Casula, A.M. Leite da Silva, R. Bilinton, L.A.F. Manso, C.E. Sacramanto.  Proceedings of the VII Symposium of Specialists in Electric Operational and Expansion Planning. Curitiba Brasil, May 2000.

    686.         System Reliability Performance Assessment”, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the VII Symposium of Specialists in Electric Operational and Expansion Planning. Curitiba Brasil, May 2000.

    687.         Impact of Load Management on Composite System Reliability Evaluation Short-Term Operating Benefits”, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 15, No. 2, May 2000, pp. 858-864.

    688.         Equipment and System Reliability Data Collection in Canada”, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the IEEE Summer Power Meeting, July 2000, pp. 5-9.

    689.         A Security Based Approach for Generating Unit Scheduling”, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the IEEE Summer Power Meeting, July 2000, pp. 1995-2000.

    690.         Development of the ELDC and Reliability Evaluation of Composite Power System Using Monte Carlo Method”, J. Choi, S. Moon, H. Kim, B. Lee, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the IEEE Summer Power Meeting, July 2000, pp. 2063-2068.

    691.         Cost Related Reliability Evaluation of Interconnected Bulk Power Systems Using an Equivalent Approach”, R. Billinton, W. Zhang.  Electric Machines and Power Systems, Vol. 28, No. 9, September 2000, pp. 793-810.

    692.         Effect of Adaptive Short Time Compensation on the Stochastic Behavior of Turbine-Generated Shaft Torsional Torques”, S.O. Faried, R. Billinton, S. Aboreshaid, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad.  IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 15, No. 3, September 2000, pp. 305-311.

    693.         Electric Power System Reliability Criteria Determination in a Developing Country – An Investigation in Nepal”, M. Pandey, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 15, No. 3, September 2000, pp. 342-347.

    694.         Risk Based Optimum-Site Matching Wind Turbine Analysis”, R. Billinton, Hua Chen. Wind Engineering, Vol. 23, No. 6, 2000, pp. 341-351.

    695.         A Reliability Framework for Generating Unit Commitment”, R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad.  Electric Power System Research, Vol. 56, 2000, pp. 81-86.

    696.         Application of Monte Carlo Simulation to Optimal Maintenance Scheduling in a Parallel-Redundant System”, R. Billinton, J. Pan.  IEE Proceedings – Generation, Transmissions and Distribution, Vol. 147, No. 5, September 2000, pp. 274-278.

    697.         A Methodology to Determine Interruptible Load Carrying Capability in a Generating System”, R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad.  Proceedings of the 35th University Power Engineering Conference, Belfast, United Kingdom, September 2000 (CD ROM).

    698.         Generating Facilities Maintenance Scheduling Using a Probabilistic Technique”, R. Billinton, A.S. Abdulwhab.  Proceedings of the 35th Universities Power Engineering Conference, Belfast, United Kingdom, September 2000 (CD ROM).

    699.         An Educational Tool for Reliability Data and Evaluation Programs”, R. Ghajar, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the International Conference on Power and Energy Systems, IASTED, Marbella, Spain, September 2000, pp. 552-557.

    700.         Effects of Selected Operating Considerations in Response Health Analysis of Generating Systems”, R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad.  Proceedings of the Euro Conference on Risk Management in Power System Planning and Operation in a Market Environment, Funchal, Madeira, September 2000.

    701.         Time Sequential Distribution System Unreliability Cost Assessment Considering Overall System Time Varying Parameters”, P. Wang, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Probabilistic Models Applied to Power Systems, Funchal, Madeira, September 2000.

    702.         Effect of Individual Customer Outage Cost Characteristics on Distribution System Reliability Worth Estimates”, R. Billinton, S. Ali, G. Wacker.  Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Probabilistic Models Applied to Power Systems, Funchal, Madeira, September 2000.

    703.         The Canadian Approach to the Collection of Equipment and Power System Reliability Data”, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Association of Power Exchanges Electricity Industry Conference, Kananaska, Alberta, October 2000.

    704.         The Influences of Deregulation on Electric Power Supply Reliability”, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Frontiers of Power Conference, Stillwater, Oklahoma, October 2000.

    705.         Evaluation of Probability Distribution of Distribution System Reliability Indices Considering WTG as Alternative Supply”, P. Wang, L. Goel, R. Billinton.  Electric Machines and Power Systems, Vol. 28, No. 10, October 2000, pp. 901-914.

    706.         Cost Related Reliability Evaluation of Bulk Power Systems”. R. Billinton, W. Zhang.  International Journal of Electric Power and Energy Systems, Vol. 23, No. 2, February 2001, pp. 99-112.

    707.         Development of an Analytical Method for Outage Cost Assessment in a Composite Power System”, J.S. Choi, S.P. Moon, H.S. Kim, J.J. Kang, H.Y. Kim, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of Power Con 2000 International Conference on Power System Technology, Perth, Australia, December 2000, pp. 1527-1532.

    708.         Power System Reliability Enhancement Using Unified Power Flow Controllers”, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, R. Billinton, S.O. Faried, S. Aboreshaid.  Proceedings of PowerCon 2000 International Conference on Power System Technology, Perth, Australia, December 2000, pp. 1527-1532.

    709.         Electric Power System Reliability”, R. Billinton.  MacMillan Encyclopedia of Energy, ed F. Zumerchik, December 2000, pp. 422-427.

    710.         Reliability/Cost Implications of Utilizing Wind Energy in Small Isolated Power Systems”, R. Karki, R. Billinton.  Wind Engineering, Vol. 24, No. 5, 2000, pp. 379-388.

    711.         Predictive Reliability Assessment of Distribution Systems Including Extreme Adverse Weather”, R. Billinton, C. Wu.  Proceedings of the Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering.  Toronto, May 2001.

    712.         Composite System Operating Reserve Assessment Using a Reliability Framework”, R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad.  Proceedings of the Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering.  Toronto, May 2001.

    713.         Power System Adequacy Evaluation Incorporating a Unified Power Flow Controller”, R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, S.O. Faried, S. Aboreshaid.  Proceedings of the Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering.  Toronto, May 2001.

    714.         "Implementation of Non-Uniform Reliability in a Deregulated Power Market", P. Wang, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, Toronto, May 2001.

    715.         Reliability Worth Comparisons”, R. Billinton, S.A. Ali, G. Wacker.  IEEE Power Engineering Review, Vol. 21, No. 5, May 2001, pp. 3-5, 9.

    716.         Effects of Rounding Adequacy Equivalents of Composite Power Systems”, W. Zhang, R. Billinton.  Electric Power Systems and Components, Vol. 29, No. 6, June 2001, pp. 503-516.

    717.         Reliability Benefit Analysis of Adding WTG to a Distribution System”, P. Wang, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 16, No. 2, June 2001, pp. 134-139.

    718.         "Nodal Probabilistic Congestion and Reliability Evaluations of Transmission Systems under a Deregulated Electricity Market", J. Choi, H. Kim, J. Cha, R. Billinton. Proceedings of the IEEE Summer Power Meeting, July 2001, pp.

    719.         "Transmission System Reliability Evaluation Incorporating HVDC Links and Facts Devices", M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, R. Billinton, S.O. Faried.  Proceedings of the IEEE Summer Power Meeting, July 2001, pp.

    720.         "Time Sequential Simulation Technique for Rural Distribution System Reliability Cost/Worth Evaluation Including Wind Generation as an Alternative Supply", P. Wang, R. Billinton.  IEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 148, No. 4, July 2001, pp. 355-360.

    721.         Methods to Consider Customer Interruption Costs in Power System Analysis”, R. Billinton, H. Abilgard et al.  ELECTRA 197, August 2001.

    722.         "Nodal Probabilistic Production Cost Simulation and Reliability Evaluation at Local Points of a Composite Power system".  J. Choi, H. Kim, S. Moon, Y. Moon, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 36th University Power Engineering Conference, Swansea, U.K., September 2001.

    723.         "Application of Probabilistic Health Analysis in Generating Facilities Maintenance Scheduling", R. Billinton, A. Abdulwahab.  Proceedings of IEEE Porto Power Tech. Conference, September 2001.

    724.         "Optimum Load Shedding Strategies in Distribution Systems", A.M. Leite da Silva, A.M. Cassula, R. Billinton, L.A.F. Manso.  Proceedings of the IEEE Porto Power Tech. Conference, September 2001.

    725.         "Effect of Selected Operating Considerations in Health Analysis of Interconnected Systems", "R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad.  Proceedings of the IEEE Porto Power Tech. Conference, September 2001.

    726.         "Adequacy Equivalent Development of Composite Generation and Transmission Systems", R. Billinton, W. Zhang.  Reliability Engineering and System Safety, Vol. 74, No. 1, October 2001, pp. 1-12.

    727.         "Bibliography on the Application of Probability Methods in Power System Reliability Evaluation 1996-1999", R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, L. Bertling.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 16, No. 4, November 2001, pp. 595-602.

    728.         "The Present Status of Maintenance Strategies and the Impact of Maintenance on Reliability", IEEE Task Force (R. Billinton member).  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 16, No. 4, November 2001, pp. 638-646.

    729.         "Capacity Expansion of Small Isolated Power Systems Using PV and Wind Energy", R. Billinton, R. Karki.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 16, No. 4, November 2001, pp. 892-897.

    730.         "Impacts of Station-Related Failures on Distribution System Reliability", P. Wang, R. Billinton.  Journal of Electric Power Components and Systems, Vol. 29, No. 11, November 2001, pp. 965-976.

    731.         "Maintaining Supply Reliability of Small Isolated Power Systems using Renewable Energy", R. Billinton, R. Karki.  IEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 148, No. 6, November 2001, pp. 530-534.

    732.         "Interruptable Load Analysis Using Sequential Monte Carlo Simulation", H. Chen, R. Billinton.  IEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 148, No. 6, November 2001, pp. 535-539.

    733.         Reliability/Cost Implications of PV and Wind Energy Utilization in Small Isolated Power Systems”, R. Karki, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 16, No. 4, December 2001, pp. 368-373.

    734.         "Load Duration Curve Incorporation in the Reliability Evaluation of Bulk Power Systems", R. Billinton, W. Zhang.  Journal of Electric Power Components and Systems, Vol. 30, No. 1, January 2002, pp. 89-105.

    735.         "Reliability Cost/Worth Assessment of Distribution Systems Incorporating Time-Varying Weather Conditions and Restoration Resources", P. Wang, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 17, No. 1, January 2002, pp. 260-265.

    736.         "Integrated Reliability Evaluation of Generation Transmission and Distribution Systems", A.M. Leite da Silva, A.M. Cassula, R. Billinton, L.A.F. Momso.  IEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 149, No. 1, January 2002, pp. 1-6.

    737.         "Economic Cost of Non-Supply", R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the IEEE Winter Power Meeting, January 2002.

    738.         "Reliability Evaluation of Composite Electric Power Systems Incorporating FACTS", R. Billinton, Y. Cui.  Proceedings of the 2002 Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 2002, pp. 1-6.

    739.         "Incorporating Reliability Index Probability Distributions in Performance Based Regulation", R. Billinton, Z. Pan.  Proceedings of the 2002 Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 2002, pp. 12-17.

    740.         "Adequacy Evaluation of Generation Systems Including Wind Energy", R. Billinton, G. Bai.  Proceedings of the 2002 Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 2002, pp. 24-29.

    741.         "Composite System Reliability Evaluations Incorporating an HVDC Link and a Static Synchronous Series Compensator", R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, S. Faried, S. Aboreshaid.  Proceedings of the 2002 Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 2002, pp. 42-47.

    742.         "A Comparison of North American Generating Unit Outage Parameters and Unavailability Indices", R. Billinton, J. Ge.  Proceedings of the 2002 Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 2002, pp. 66-71.

    743.         "A Sequential Simulation Method for the Generating Capacity Adequacy Evaluation of Small Stand-Alone Wind Energy Conversion Systems", R. Billinton, Bagen.  Proceedings of the 2002 Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 2002, pp. 72-77.

    744.         "Application of Well-being Concepts in Short Term Generating Unit Preventive Maintenance Scheduling", A. Abdulwahab, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 2002 Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 2002, pp. 150-155.

    745.         "Reliability Assessment of Transmission and Distribution Systems Considering Repair in Adverse Weather", R. Billinton, G. Singh.  Proceedings of the 2002 Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 2002, pp. 88-93.

    746.         "Customer Outage Cost Evaluation of an Actual Failure Event", R. Billinton, W. Wangdee. Proceedings of the 2002 Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 2002, pp. 94-99.

    747.         "Assessment of Customer Service Reliability", R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the VIII Symposium of Specialists in Electric Operational and Expansion Planning, Brasilia, Brazil, May 2002.

    748.         "Extreme Adverse Weather Modelling in Transmission and Distribution System Reliability Evaluation", R. Billinton, C. Wu, G. Singh.  Proceedings of the 2002 Power System Computational Conference, Seville, Spain, June 2002.

    749.         "A Mathematical Framework for Unit Commitment and Operating Reserve Assessment in Electric Power Systems", M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 2002 Power System Computational Conference, Seville, Spain, June 2002.

    750.         Transmission System Reliability Evaluation of KEPCO System in Face of Deregulation”, S.P. Moon, J.B. Choo, D.H. Jeon, H.S. Kim, J.S. Choi, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the IEEE Summer Power Meeting, July 2002.

    751.         Transmission System Expansion Planning of KEPCO System (Youngnam Area) using Fuzzy Set Theory”, H. Kim, S. Moon, J. Choi, C. Lee, J. Wang, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the IEEE Summer Power Meeting, July 2002.

    752.         Unreliability Cost Assessment of an Electric Power System Using Reliability Network Equivalent Approaches”, P. Wang, R. Billinton, L. Goel.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 17, No. 3, August 2002, pp. 549-556.

    753.         Probability Distribution Development in Distribution System Reliability Evaluation”, R. Billinton, L. Cui, Z. Pan, P. Wang.  Journal of Electric Power Components and Systems, Vol. 30, No. 9, September 2002, pp. 907-916.

    754.         Determination of the Optimum Routine Test and Self-Checking Intervals in Protective Relaying Using a Reliability Model”, R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, T.S. Sidhu.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 17, No. 3, August 2002, pp. 663-669.

    755.         Utilization of Quantitative Reliability Evaluation in Composite System Planning”, R. Billinton, X. Tang.  Proceedings of the Probability Methods Applied to Power Systems Conference, September 2002, pp. 317-322.

    756.         "A Study on Transmission System Expansion Planning Using Fuzzy Branch and Bound Method", J. Choi,    S. Kang, H. Kim, S. Moon, S. Lee, R. Billinton.  KIEE International Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 2-A, No. 3, September 2002, pp. 121-128.

    757.         "A Study on the Fuzzy ELDC of Composite Power Systems Based on Probabilistic and Fuzzy Set Theories", J. Choi, H. Kim, S. Moon, J. Cha, D. Rho, R. Billinton.  KIEE International Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 2-A, No. 3, September 2002, pp. 95-101.

    758.         "Reliability Evaluation of Hybrid Multiterminal HVDC Subtransmission Systems", R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, S.O. Faried.  IEE Proceedings, Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 149, No. 5, September 2002, pp. 571-577.

    759.         Quantitative Reliability Considerations in the Determination of Performance-Based Rates and Customer Service Disruption Payments”, R. Billinton, L. Cui, Z. Pan.  IEE Proceedings – Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 149, No. 6, November 2002, pp. 640-644.

    760.         Reliability/Cost Implications of Utilizing Photovoltaics in Small Isolated Power Systems”, R. Billinton, R. Karki.  Reliability Engineering and System Safety, Vol. 79, No. 1, January 2003, pp. 11-16.

    761.         Reliability Evaluation of Small Stand-Alone Wind Energy Conversion Systems Using a Time Series Simulation Model”, R. Billinton, Bagen, Y. Cui.  IEE Proceedings – Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 150, No. 1, January 2003, pp. 96-100.

    762.         Adequacy Considerations in Wind Power Benefit Analysis”, R. Billinton, G. Bai, R. Karki.  Proceedings of the AltEnergy 2003 Conference, Calgary, Alberta, March 2003.

    763.         A Comprehensive Approach to the Collection of Equipment and Power System Reliability Data”, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 15th ARTS, April 2003, pp. 225-234.

    764.         "Considering Renewable Energy in Small Isolated Power System Expansion", R. Karki, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the Canadian Electrical and Computer Engineering Conference, May 2003.

    765.         "Impact of Equipment Availability on Composite System Reliability", R. Billinton, R. Mo.  Proceedings of the Canadian Electrical and Computer Engineering Conference, May 2003.

    766.         "Composite System Reliability Evaluation in the Deregulated Environment", M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, R. Billinton, S. Aboreshaid, S.O. Faried.  Proceedings of the ICEE 03 Conference, Vol. 4, May 2003, Shiraz, Iran, pp. 553-560.

    767.         "Common Cause Outage Models in Power System Reliability Evaluation Using an Elbedded Probabilistic/Deterministic Approach", W. Li, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 18, No. 2, May 2003, pp. 966-967.

    768.         "Probabilistic Evaluation of Voltage Sag in Transmission Systems", S.O. Faried, R. Billinton, S. Aboreshaid, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad.  Proceedings of the 2003 IEEE Bologna Power Tech., June 2003.

    769.         "Composite System Reliability Evaluation Incorporating a Six-Phase Transmission Line", R. Billinton, S.O. Faried, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad.  IEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 150, No. 4, July 2003, pp. 413-419.

    770.         "Short Term Generating Unit Maintenance Scheduling in a Deregulated Power System Using a Probabilistic Approach", R. Billinton, A. Abdulwahab.  IEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 150, No. 4, July 2003, pp. 463-468.

    771.         "Reliability of Electric Power Systems:  An Overview", R. Billinton, R.N. Allan.  Handbook of Reliability Engineering, Springer-Verlag Publishers, July 2003, pp. 511-528.

    772.         "Quantitative Consideration of Reward/Penalty Policy Setting in Performance Based Regulation", Z. Pan, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the IASTED International Conference on Power and Energy Systems, September 2003, Marbella, Spain, pp. 409-414.

    773.         "Tie Line Constrained Equivalent Assisting Generator Model (TEAG) Considering Forced Outage Rates of Transmission Systems", J. Choi, K. Kim, S. Kang, D. Park, Y. Yoon, S. Moon, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the IASTED International Conference on Power and Energy Systems, September 2003, Marbella, Spain, pp. 596-602.

    774.         "Transmission System Expansion Planning Using a Branch and Bound Approach, TT. Tran, J. Choi, S. Moon, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the IASTED International Conference on Power and Energy Systems, September 2003, Marbella, Spain, pp. 672-677.

    775.         "Reliability Evaluation of Isolated Solar-Diesel Power Systems Using a Monte-Carlo Simulation Approach", Bagen, R. Billinton, R. Karki.  Solar Energy of Canada Annual Conference, Kingston, Ontario, August 2003, pp. 1-10.

    776.         "Adequacy Assessment of Small Isolated Power Systems Using a Well-being Approach", M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, M. Rashidinejad, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the IFAC Symposium on Power Plants and Power Systems Control, Seoul, Korea, September 2003, pp. 1281-1285.

    777.         "Reliability Assessment of a Restructured Power System Using Reliability Network Equivalent Techniques", P. Wang, R. Billinton.  IEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 150, No. 5, September 2003, pp. 555-560.

    778.         "Contribution of Individual Generating Unit Unavailability to Power System Inadequacy", R. Karki, R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 2003 Canadian Reliability and Maintainability symposium, October 2003, Ottawa, pp. P-04-1,6.

    779.         Estimating Customer Outage Costs Due To A Specific Failure Event”, R. Billinton, W. Wangdee, IEE Proceedings, Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 150, No. 6, November, 2003, pp. 668-672.

    780.         Reliability Evaluation Algorithm for Complex Medium Voltage Electrical Distribution     Networks Based on the Shortest Path”, K. Xie, J. Zhou, R. Billinton, IEE Proceedings, Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 150, No. 6, November, 2003, pp. 686-690.

    781.         Generating System Wellbeing Index Evaluation”, A. Abdulwahab, R. Billinton, International Journal of Electric Power and Energy Systems, Vol. 26, No. 3, March 2004, pp. 221-229.

    782.         A Novel Approach to Determine Minimal Tie-Sets of Complex Networks”, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, R. Billinton, T.S. Munian, B. Vinayagam, IEEE Transactions on Reliability, Vol. 53, No. 1, March 2004, pp. 61-70.

    783.         Rural Distribution System Reliability Worth Evaluation Using Individual Customer Outage Cost Characteristics”, R. Billinton, S. Ali, G. Wacker, Journal of Electric Power and Energy Systems, Volume 26, 2004, pp. 235-240, Proceedings of the Probability Methods Applied To Power Systems Conference, Naples, September 2002, pp. 3-8.

    784.         A Comparison of Four-State Generating Unit Reliability Models for Peaking Units”, R. Billinton, J. Gee, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 19, No. 2, May 2004, pp. 763-768.

    785.         Reliability Assessment of a Restructured Power System Considering the Reserve Agreements”, P. Wang, R. Billinton, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 19, No. 2, May 4, 2004, pp. 972-978.

    786.         Identifying Transmission Deficiencies in Composite Electric Power Systems”, R. Billinton, Y. Li, Proceedings of the Canadian Electrical and Computer Engineering Conference, May 2004.

    787.         Bulk Electricity System Reliability Performance Assessment”, R. Billinton, W. Wangdee, Proceedings of the IX Symposium of Specialists in Electric Operational and Expansion Planning, Brazil, May 2004.

    788.         Incorporating Extreme Adverse Weather Considerations in Transmission System Reliability Evaluation”, R. Billinton, G. Singh, Proceedings of the IX Symposium of Specialists in Electric Operational and Expansion Planning, Brazil, May 2004.

    789.         Avaliacao da Confiabilidade Preventiva de Sistemas de Potencia”, L.A.F. Manso, W.S. Sales, A.M. Leite da Silva, L.C. Resende, R. Billinton, Proceedings of the IX Symposio de Especialistas em Planejamento da Operacao e Expansao Electrica, Brazil, May 2004.

    790.         Selected Considerations in Utilizing Monte Carlo Simulation in Quantitative Reliability Evaluation of Composite Power Systems”, R. Billinton, X. Tang, Journal of Electric Power Systems Research, Vol. 69, Issues 2-3, May 2004, pp. 205-211.

    791.         Deterministic/Probabilistic Contingency Evaluation in Composite Generation and Transmission Systems”, R. Billinton, R. Mo, Proceedings of the IEEE-PES General Meeting, June 2004.

    792.         Reliability Evaluation of the IEEE-RTS Incorporating Station Related Outages”, R. Nighot, R. Billinton, Proceedings of the IEEE-PES General Meeting, June 2004.

    793.         A Study on the Reliability Evaluation of Interconnected Power Systems Considering Forced Outage Rates of Transmission Systems”, J. Choi, T. Tran, S.I. Moon, D.W. Park, J.Y. Yoon, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, R. Billinton, Proceedings of the IEEE-PES General Meeting, June 2004.

    794.         A Study on Optimal Reliability Criterion Determination for Transmission System Expansion Planning”, T. Tran, J. Choi, D.H. Jeon, J.B. Chu, R. Thomas, R. Billinton, Proceedings of the IEEE-PES General Meeting, June 2004.

    795.         Probabilistic Security Assessment for Power System Operations”, J. McCalley et al   (Incl. R. Billinton), Proceedings of the IEEE-PES General Meeting, June 2004.

    796.         Tie Line Equivalent Constrained Assisting Generator Model (TEAG) Considering Forced Outage Rates of Transmission Systems – II”, J.S. Choi, T.T. Tran, S.I. Moon, D.W. Park, J.Y. Youn, R. Billinton, Proceedings of the IEEE-PES General Meeting, June 2004.

    797.         Cost-Effective Wind Energy Utilization for Reliable Power Supply”, R. Karki, R. Billinton, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 19, No. 2, June 2004, pp. 435-440.

    798.         The Best Line Choice for Transmission System Expansion Planning on the Side of the Highest Reliability Level”, S. Kang, T. Tran, J. Choi, J. Cha, D. Rho, R. Billinton, KIEE International Transactions on Power Engineering, Vol. 4-A, No. 2, June 2004, pp. 84-90.

    799.         Tie Line Constrained Equivalent Assisting Generator Model (TEAG) Considering Forced Outage Rates of Transmission Systems”, J. Choi, T. Tran, S. Kang, D. Park, J. Soon, S. Moon, R. Billinton, KIEE International Transactions on Power Engineering, Vol. 4-A, No. 2, June 2004, pp. 91-99.

    800.         Mathematical Methods of Combining Deterministic/Probabilistic Criteria in Short-term Generating Reserve Scheduling”, R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, Proceedings Institute of Mechanical Engineers, Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 218, Part E, May 2004, pp. 69-75, Proceedings of the 15th ARTS, April 2003, pp. 1-14.

    801.         Incorporating reliability index distributions in small isolated generating system reliability performance assessment”, R. Billinton, Bagen, IEE Proceedings Generation, Transmission, Distribution, Vol. 151, No. 4, July 2004, pp. 469-476

    802.          “Sensitivity Analysis of Probabilistic Reliability Evaluation of IEEE MRTS Using TRELSS”, T. Tran,          J. Choi, D. Jeon, J. Choo, R. Billinton, Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems, Ames Iowa, September 12-14, 2004.

    803.         Canadian Experience in the Collection of Transmission and Distribution Component Unavailability Data”,    R. Billinton, Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems, Ames Iowa, September 12-14, 2004.

    804.         Risk Based Equivalent Wind Capacity in Power Generating Systems”, R. Karki, R. Billinton, G. Bai, Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems, Ames Iowa, September 12-14, 2004.

    805.          “Generating Capacity Adequacy Associated With Wind Energy”, R. Billinton, G. Bai, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 19, No. 3, September, 2004, pp. 641-646.

    806.         Historic Performance-Based Distribution System Risk Assessment”, R. Billinton, Z. Pan, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 19, No. 4, October 2004, pp. 1759-1765.

    807.         Impact of Wind Energy on the Capacity Adequacy of Generating Systems”, R. Billinton, Bagen, Proceedings of the World Wind Energy Conference, Beijing, November 2004.

    808.         Adequacy Assessment of Composite Power Systems with FACTS Devices Using a DC Load Flow Method”, R. Billinton, Y.Cui, Journal of Electric Power Components and Systems, Vol. 32, No. 11, November 2004, pp. 1137-1150.

    809.         Well-Being Analysis for Composite Generation and Transmission Systems”, A.M. Leite da Silva, L. Chaves de Resende, L.A. da Fanseca Manso, R. Billinton, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 19, No. 4, November 2004, pp. 1763-1770.

    810.         Maintenance Scheduling Optimization Using a Genetic Algorithm (GA) with a Probabilistic Fitness Function”, A. Abdulwahab, R. Billinton, A.A. El-Dematy, S.O. Faried, Journal of Electric Power Components and Systems, Vol. 32, No. 12, December 2004, pp. 1239-1254.

    811.         Development of a Nodal Effective Load Model Considering Transmission System Element Unavailabilities”, J. Choi, R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, IEE Proceedings, Generation, Transmission & Distribution, Vol. 152, No. 1, January 2005, pp. 79-89.

    812.         Composite System Maintenance Co-ordination in a Deregulated Environment”,  R. Billinton, R. Mo, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 20, No. 1, February, 2005, pp. 485-492.

    813.         Incorporating Well-Being Considerations in Generating Systems Using Energy Storage”, Bagen,                R. Billinton, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 20, No. 1, March 2005, pp. 225-231.

    814.         Development of Tie Line Constrained Equivalent Assisting Generator Model (TEAG) For Reliability Evaluation of NEAREST-III”, T. Tran, J Choi, H. Kim, S. Moon, R. Billinton, KIEE International Transactions on Power Engineering, Vol. 5-A, No. 1, March 2005, pp. 31-39.

    815.         A Study on Transmission System Expansion Planning on the Side of Highest Satisfaction Level of Decision Maker”, T. Tran, S. Kang, J. Choi, R. Billinton, A.A. El-Keib, KIEE International Transactions on Power Engineering, Vol. 5-A, No. 1, March 2005, pp. 46-55.

    816.         A Study on Optimal Reliability Criterion Determination for Transmission System Expansion Planning”,      T. Tran, J. Choi, D. Jeon, J. Chu, R. Thomas, R. Billinton, KIEE International Transactions on Power Engineering, Vol. 5-A, No. 1, March 2005, pp. 62-69.

    817.         Incorporating Station-Related Outages in Composite System Reliability Analysis”, R. Billinton, R. Nighot, IEE Proceedings – Generation, Transmission & Distribution, Vol. 152, No. 2, March 2005, pp. 227-232.

    818.         Impacts of Energy Storage on Power System Reliability Performance”, Bagen, R. Billinton, Proceedings of the Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 2005.

    819.         A Basic Method for Composite Power System Expansion Planning Considering Probabilistic Reliability Criteria”, J. Choi, T. Tinh, A. El-Keib, R. Thomas, R. Billinton, Proceedings of the Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 2005.

    820.         Basic Considerations in Generating Capacity Adequacy Evaluation”, R. Billinton, D. Huang, Proceedings of the Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 2005.

    821.         Consideration of Multi-State Weather Models In Reliability Evaluation of Transmission and Distribution Systems”, R. Billinton, J. Acharya, Proceedings of the Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 2005.

    822.         Incorporating Maintenance Outage Effects in Substation and Switching Station Reliability Studies”,            R. Billinton, H. Yang, Proceedings of the Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 2005.

    823.         Approximate Methods for Event-Based Customer Interruption Cost Evaluation”, R. Billinton, W. Wangdee, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 20, No. 2, May 2005, pp. 1103-1110.

    824.         "Incorporating Reliability Index Probability Distributions in Financial Risk Assessment with Performance Based Regulation”, R. Billinton and Z. Pan. Journal of Electric Power Components and Systems, Vol. 33, No. 6, June 2005, pp. 685-697.

    825.          “A Method for Composite Power System Expansion Planning Considering Probabilistic Reliability Criteria”, J. Choi, T. Tran, A. El-Keib, R. Thomas, H. Oh, R. Billinton, Proceedings of the IEEE-PES General Meeting, June 2005.

    826.         A Study on Probabilistic Optimal Reliability Criterion Determination in Composite Power System Expansion Planning”, J. Choi, R. Thomas, Z Wang, A El-Keib, R. Billinton, Proceedings of the IEEE-PES General Meeting, June 2005.

    827.         A Method for Transmission System Expansion Planning Considering Probabilistic Reliability Criteria” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, J. Choi, T, Tran, A. El-Keib, R. Thomas, H. Oh, R. Billinton, Vol. 20,     No. 3, August 2005, pp. 1606-1615.

    828.         Evaluation of Different Operating Strategies in Small Stand-Alone Power Systems”, Bagen, R. Billinton, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 20, No. 3, September 2005, pp. 654-660.

    829.         Reliability Performance Index Probability Distribution Analysis of Bulk Electricity Systems”, W. Wangdee, R. Billinton, Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Vol.30, No. 4, Fall 2005,                pp 189-193.  Proceedings of the Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, May 2005.

    830.         Reliability Data Requirements, Practices and Recommendations”, R. Billinton, IEEE Tutorial Course on Electric Delivery System Reliability Evaluation, 05TP175, May 2005, pp. 52-67.

    831.         Impact of Utilising Sequential and Nonsequential Simulation Techniques in Bulk-Electric-System Reliability Assessment”, R. Billinton, W. Wangdee, IEE Proceedings, Generation, Transmission & Distribution, Vol. 152, No. 5, September 2005, pp.

    832.         Stochastic Evaluation of Voltage Sag and Unbalance in Transmission Systems”, S.O. Faried, R. Billinton,  S. Aboreshaid, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery”, Vol. 20, No. 4, October 2005, pp. 2631-2637.

    833.         Reward/Penalty Structure Proposed”, R. Billinton, Z. Feng, Transmission Distribution World, October 2005, pp. 52-57.

    834.         Utilization of Time Varying Event-Based Customer Interruption Cost Load Shedding Schemes”, W. Wangdee, R. Billinton, International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, Vol. 27, No. 9-11, November/December 2005, pp. 674-681.  Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems, Ames Iowa, September, 12-14, 2004.

    835.         Incorporating Station Related Aging Failures in Bulk System Reliability Analysis”, R. Billinton, H. Yang, KIEE International Transactions on Power Engineering, Vol. 5-A, No. 4, December 2005, pp. 322-330.

    836.         Delivery Point Reliability Indices of a Bulk Electric System Using Sequential Monte Carlo Simulation, R. Billinton, W. Wangdee, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 21, No. 1, January 2006, pp. 345-352.

    837.         Economic Costs of Power Interruptions:  A Consistent Model and Methodology”, R.F. Ghajar, R. Billinton, International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, Vol. 28, No. 1, January 2006, pp. 29-35.

    838.         Application of Adverse and Extreme Adverse Weather Modelling In Transmission and Distribution System Reliability Evaluation”, R. Billinton, G Singh, IEE -Proceedings Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 153, No.1, January, 2006, pp 115-120.

    839.         Bulk Electric System Well-Being Analysis Using Sequential Monte Carlo Simulation”, W. Wangdee,         R. Billinton, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 21, No. 1, February 2006, pp. 188-194.

    840.         Impact of Load Shedding Philosophies on Bulk Electric System Reliability Analysis Using Sequential Monte Carlo Simulation”, W. Wangdee, R. Billinton, Electric Power Components and Systems, Vol. 34, No. 3, March 2006, pp. 355-368.

    841.         Generating Capacity Adequacy Evaluation of Small Stand-Alone Power Systems Containing Solar Energy”, R. Billinton, Bagen, Reliability Engineering and System Safety, Vol. 91, April 2006, pp. 438-443.

    842.         Impact of Renewable Energy Unit Availability On Power System Adequacy”, R. Karki and R. Billinton, International Journal of Power and Energy Systems, Vol. 26, No. 2, 2006, pp. 147-152.

    843.         Predicting Bulk Electricity System Reliability Performance Indices Using Sequential Monte Carlo Simulation”, R. Billinton, W. Wangdee, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 21, No. 2, April 2006, pp. 909-917.

    844.         Peaking Unit Considerations in Generating Capacity Adequacy Assessment”, R. Billinton, D. Huang, Proceedings of the Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ottawa, May 11-10, 2006.

    845.          “Incorporating Station Related Forced and Maintenance Outages in Bulk System Reliability Analysis”,       R. Billinton, H. Yang, Proceedings of the X Symposium of Specialists in Electric Operational and Expansion Planning, Florianopolis, Brazil, May 21-25, 2006.

    846.         Reliability Considerations in the Utilization of Wind Energy, Solar Energy and Energy Storage in Electric Power Systems”, R. Billinton, Bagen, Proceedings of the Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems Symposium, Stockholm, Sweden, June 11 - 15, 2006.

    847.         Basic Concepts in Generating Capacity Adequacy Evaluation”, R. Billinton, D. Huang, Proceedings of the Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems Symposium, Stockholm, Sweden, June 11 - 15, 2006.

    848.         Utilizing Bulk Electric System Reliability Performance Index Probability Distributions in a Performance Based Regulation Framework”, R. Billinton, W. Wangdee, Proceedings of the Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems Symposium, Stockholm, Sweden, June 11-15, 2006.

    849.         Probabilistic Reliability Based Tie Line Capacity for Interconnecting Power Systems of South Korea, North Korea and Far East Russia”, J.S. Choi, T. Tran, J.J. Kwon, D.W. Park, J.Y. Moon, S.I. Moon, J.M. Cha,    R. Billinton, Proceedings of the Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems Symposium, Stockholm, Sweden, June 11-15, 2006.

    850.         Sensitivity Analysis of Probabilistic Reliability Evaluation of Korea Power System”, J. Choi, T. Tran,          J. Kwon, R. Billinton, Proceedings of the IEEE General Meeting, Montreal, June 18-22, 2006.

    851.         Probabilistic Reliability Evaluation for Interconnecting the Power Systems in North East Asia”, J. Choi,      T. Tran, K. Jungji, R. Billinton, Proceedings of the IEEE General Meeting, Montreal, June 18-22, 2006.

    852.         A Simplified Wind Power Generation Model for Reliability Evaluation”, R. Karki, P. Hu, R. Billinton, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 21, No. 2, June 2006, pp. 533-540.

    853.         Failure Bunching Phenomena in Electric Power Transmission Systems”, R. Billinton, G. Singh, and             J. Acharya, Journal of Risk and Reliability, Vol. 220, No. 01, June 2006, pp. 1-7. Presented at the 16th Advances in Reliability Technology Symposium, United Kingdom, April 2005, pp. 21-33.

    854.         Incorporating Multi-State Unit Models in Composite System Adequacy Evaluation”,    R. Billinton, Y. Li, European Transactions on Electric Power, Vol. 17, No.4, July/August.2007,  pp 317-325.  Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems, Ames Iowa, September 12-14, 2004.

    855.         Major Event Day Segmentation”, R. Billinton and J.R. Acharya, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems,  Vol. 21, No. 3, August 2006, pp. 1463-1464.

    856.         Reliability Evaluation of a Wind Power Delivery System Using an Approximate Wind Model”,  R. Karki,   P. Hu, R. Billinton, Proceedings of the 41st International Universities Power Engineering Conference,  United Kingdom, September 2006.

    857.         Distribution System Reliability Assessment Incorporating Weather Effects”, R. Billinton, J. Acharya, Proceedings of the 41st International Universities Power Engineering Conference, United Kingdom, September 2006.

    858.         Weather-Based Distribution System Reliability Evaluation”, R. Billinton, and J. Acharya, IEE Proceedings, Generation, Transmission & Distribution, Vol. 153, No. 5, September 2006, pp. 499-506.

    859.         Considering Load-Carrying Capability and Wind Speed Correlation of WECS in Generation Adequacy Assessment”, W. Wangdee and R. Billinton, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 21, No. 3, September 2006, pp. 734-741.

    860.         Probabilistic Reliability Criterion for Planning Transmission System Expansions”,  J. Choi, T.D. Mount,  R.J. Thomas, R. Billinton, IEE Proceedings, Generation, Transmission & Distribution,  Vol. 153, Issue 6, November 2006, pp. 719-727.

    861.         A Combined Bulk Electric System Reliability Framework Using Adequacy and Static Security Indices”,     R. Billinton and W. Wangdee, Journal of Electrical Engineering & Technology, Vol. 1, No. 4, December 2006, pp. 414-422.

    862.         Reliability-Based Transmission Reinforcement Planning Associated With Large-Scale Wind Farms”,           R. Billinton and W. Wangdee, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 22, No. 1, February 2007,         pp. 34-41.

    863.         A Test on Probabilistic Reliability Evaluation of the Korea Power System”, T.T. Tran, K. Jungli, J. Choi,   D. Jeon, J. Choo, K. Han, R. Billinton, International Journal of Emerging Electric Power Systems, Vol. 8, Issue 2, Article 2, 2007, pp. 1-25.

    864.         Reliability Assessment of an Automated Distribution System”, S. Kazemi, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, R. Billinton, IET, Generation, Transmission & Distribution, Vol. 1, Issue 2, March 2007, pp. 223-233.

    865.         Repair State Residence Time Distribution Considerations In Electric Power Generating Capacity Adequacy Evaluation”, D. Huang, R. Billinton, Proceedings of the 17th Advances in Risk and Reliability Technology Symposium, United Kingdom, April 2007.

    866.         Distribution System Reliability Risk Assessment Using Historical Utility Data”, R. Billinton, Z. Feng, Electric Power Components and Systems, Vol. 35, No. 6, June 2007, pp. 693-713.

    867.          “Wind Energy Considerations in Generating Capacity Adequacy Assessment”, R. Billinton, R. Karki,         Y. Gao, P. Hu,  D. Huang, CIGRE Canada Conference on Power Systems, Calgary, Alberta,               August 28, 29, 2007.

    868.         Reliability Assessment of Restructured Power Systems Using Reliability Network Equivalent and Pseudo-sequential Simulation Techniques”, Y. Ding, P. Wang, L. Goel, R. Billinton, R. Karki, Electric Power System Research, Vol. 77, No. 12, Oct. 2007, pp. 1665-1671.

    869.         Area Annual Outage Cost Assessment of KEPCO System by TRELSS”,  S. Shi, S. Jeong, J. Park, J. Choi, B. Jang, Y. Yun, K. Han, AA. El-Keib, R. Billinton, Proceedings of the Large Engineering Systems Conference on Power Engineering, Oct. 2007.

    870.         Extended Reliability Model of A Unified Power Flow Controller”, F. Aminifar, M.  Fotuhi-Firuzabad,         R. Billinton, IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, Vol. 1, No. 6, November 2007, pp. 896-903.

    871.         Reliability Evaluation of Generating Systems Including Wind Energy and Storage”, R.Karki, P. Hu,            R. Billinton.  Proceedings of the 8th International Power Engineering Conference – IPEC, December 3-6, 2007, Singapore.

    872.         Reliability Assessment of Bulk Electric Systems Containing Large Wind Farms”, W. Wangdee, R. Billinton, International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, Vol. 29, No. 10, Dec. 2007, pp. 759-766.

    873.         Impacts of Repair State Residence Time Distributions in an Electric Power Generating Capacity Adequacy Assessment”, D. Huang, R. Billinton, Journal of Risk and Reliability, Vol. 221, No. 04, December 2007,    pp. 297-306.

    874.         Power System Reliability in an Uncertain Future”, R. Billinton, Proceedings of the 2007 Australasian Universities Power Engineering Conference, December 2007, Perth, Western Australia.

    875.         Nodal Probabilistic Production Cost Simulation Considering Transmission System Unavailability”, J. Choi, T. Tran, J. Kwan, R. Thomas, T. Mount, R. Billinton, IET Generation, Transmission, Distribution, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2008, pp. 32-42.

    876.         Multi-state Wind Energy Conversion System Models for Adequacy Assessment of Generating Systems Incorporating Wind Energy”, R Billinton, Y. Gao, IEEE Transactions       on Energy Conversion, Vol. 23,     No. 2, March 2008, pp. 163-170.

    877.         Adequacy Assessment of Composite Power Generation and Transmission Systems with Wind Energy,         R. Billinton, Y. Gao, International Journal of Reliability and Safety, Vol. 2, No. 1/2, 2008, pp. 79-98.

    878.          “Effects of Load Forecast Uncertainty on Bulk Electric System Reliability Evaluation”, R. Billinton,            D. Huang, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 23, No. 2, May 2008, pp. 418-425.

    879.          “Combined Adequacy and Static Security Considerations in Transmission System    Reinforcement”,         W. Wangdee, R. Billinton, Proceedings of the Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems Conference, Puerto Rico, USA, May 25-29, 2008.

    880.          “Reliability Cost/Worth Associated with Wind Energy and Energy Storage Utilization in  Electric Power Systems”, Bagen, R. Billinton,  Proceedings of the Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems Conference, Puerto Rico, USA, May 25-29, 2008.

    881.         Aleatory and Epistemic Uncertainty Considerations in Power System Reliability Evaluation”, R. Billinton,   D. Huang, Proceedings of the Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems Conference, Puerto Rico, USA, May 25-29, 2008.

    882.          “A Joint Deterministic-Probabilistic Approach to Bulk System Reliability Assessment”, R. Billinton, H. Bao, R. Karki,  Proceedings of the Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems Conference, Puerto Rico, USA, May 25-29, 2008.

    883.          “Identification of Major Outage Years in Utility Reliability Performance”, R. Billinton, Z. Feng, Electric Power Components and Systems”, Vol. 36, No. 5, May 2008, pp. 525-539.

    884.          “Quantitative Reliability Assessment of Electricity Supply”, R. Billinton, Encyclopedia of Quantitative Risk Assessment and Analysis, Melnick, E. and Everitt, B. (eds), John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, UK,         pp. 1393-1397.

    885.         Composite Generation and Transmission System Reliability Evaluation Incorporating Two Wind Energy Facilities Considering Wind Speed Correlation”, Y. Gao, R. Billinton, R. Karki. Proceedings of the 40th North American Power Symposium, September 2008, Calgary, Canada.

    886.         Load Forecast Uncertainty Considerations in Bulk Electric System Reliability Assessment”, D. Huang,       R. Billinton, Proceedings of the 40th North American Power Symposium, September 2008, Calgary, Canada.

    887.         Load Carrying Capability of Wind Integrated Systems”, B. Karki, R. Billinton, R. Karki, R. Gokaraju, Proceedings of the 40th North American Power Symposium, September 2008, Calgary, Canada.

    888.          “Evaluation of Wind Capacity Credit Considering Key System Parameters”, P. Hu, R. Karki, R. Billinton, Proceedings of the CIGRE Canada Conference on Power Systems, October 2008, Winnipeg, Canada.

    889.         Generating System Adequacy Evaluation Considering Wind and Storage Operating Strategies”, P. Hu,      R. Karki, R. Billinton, Proceedings of the CIGRE Canada Conference on Power Systems, October 2008, Winnipeg, Canada.

    890.          “Operating Reserve Assessment of Wind Integrated Systems”, R. Billinton, B. Karki, R. Karki, R. Gokaraju, Proceedings of the CIGRE Canada Conference on Power Systems, October 2008, Winnipeg, Canada.

    891.         Fast Algorithm for the Reliability Evaluation of Large-Scale Electrical Distribution Networks Using the Section Technique”, K, Xie, J. Zhou, R. Billinton, IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, 2008, Vol. 2, No. 5, pp. 701-707.

    892.          “Tracing the Unreliability Contributions of Power System Components”, K. Xie,  R. Billinton, J. Zhou,  Electric Power Components and Systems, Vol. 36, No. 12, December 2008, pp. 1299-1309.

    893.         Considering Wind Speed Correlation of WECS in Reliability Evaluation Using the Time-Shifting Technique”, K. Xie, R. Billinton, Electric Power System Research, Vol. 79, No 4, 2009, pp. 687-693.

    894.         Reliability Evaluation of Grid in Korea:  Fourth Supply Plan”, J. Park, W. Liang, J. Choi, D. Jeon, T. Tran; R. Billinton, 2009 Transmission & Distribution Conference & Exposition:  Asia and Pacific.

    895.         Tracing the Unreliability and Recognizing the Major Unreliability Contribution of Network Components”, K.  Xie, R. Billinton, Reliability Engineering and System Safety”, 94 (2009) 927-931.

    896.         Reliability Evaluation for Interconnection Planning in North East Asia”, J. Cha, J. Choi, D. Park, J. Yoon,  S. Moon, J. Watada, R. Billinton, International Journal of Innovative Computing, Information and Control, Vol. 5, No. 4,  April 2009, pp. 6-17.

    897.         Unit Commitment Risk Analysis of Wind Integrated Power Systems”, R. Billinton, B. Karki, R. Karki,        G. Ramakrishna, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 24, No. 2, May 2009, pp. 930-939.

    898.         Bibliography on Power Systems Probabilistic Security Analysis 1968-2008”. M.T. Schilling, R. Billinton M.G. dos Santos, International Journal of Emerging Electric Power Systems, Vol. 10, Issue 3, Article 1, May 2009.

    899.         Reliability Evaluation of Generating Systems Containing Wind Power and Energy Storage”, P. Hu, R. Karki and R. Bilinton.  IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, 3(8) 2009, pp. 783-791.

    900.         Adequacy Assessment of Generating Systems Containing Wind Power Considering Wind Speed Correlation”, Y. Gao, R. Billinton, IET Renewable Power Generation, Vol. 3, Issue 2, June 2009, pp. 217-226.

    901.         Composite Generation and Transmission System Adequacy Assessment Considering Wind Energy Seasonal Characteristics”, Y. Gao, R. Billinton, R. Karki, Proceedings, IEEE General Meeting, Calgary, July, 2009.

    902.         Data Concepts and Requirements for Value-Based Transmission and Distribution Reliability Planning”.  R. Billinton.  Tutorial on Probabilistic T & D System Reliability Planning.  IEEE – PES General Meeting, Pittsburgh, July, 2008.

    903.         Probabilistic Reliability Evaluation of Power Systems Including Wind Turbine Generators Using a Simplified Multi-State Model:  A Case Study”, L. Wu, J. Park, J. Choi, A.A. El-Keib, M. Shahidehpour, R. Billinton, Proceedings IEEE General Meeting, Calgary, July 2009.

    904.         Adequacy Criteria and Methods for Wind Power Transmission Planning”, R. Karki, P. Hu, R. Billinton, Proceedings IEEE General Meeting, Calgary, July 2009.

    905.         Probabilistic Technique for Sizing FACTS Devices for Steady-State Volage Profile Enhancement”,         S.O. Faried, R. Billinton, S. Aboreshaid.  IET G & T, Vol. 13, Issue 4, 2009, pp. 385-392.

    906.         A Probabilistic Reliability Evaluation of a Power System Including Solar/Photovoltaic Cell Generator,          J. Park, W. Liang, J. Choi, A.A. El-Keib, M. Shahidehpour, R. Billinton.  Proceedidngs IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, 2009.

    907.         Composite System Adequacy Assessment Incorporating Large-Scale Wind Energy Conversion Systems Considering Wind Speed Correlation”, R. Billinton, Y. Gao, R. Karki, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 24. No. 3, August 2009.  pp 1375-1382.

    908.         Effects of Wind Power on Bulk System Adequacy Evaluation Using the Well-Being Framework”,              D. Huang, R. Billinton, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 24. No. 3, August 2009.  pp 1232-1240.

    909.         Probabilistic Evaluation of Transient Stability of a Wind Farm”, S.O. Faried, R. Billinton, S. Aboreshaid,  IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 24, No. 3, September 2009, pp. 733-739.

    910.         Effects of Seasonality and Locality on the Operating Capacity Benefits of Wind Power”, B. Karki,             R. Billinton, Proceedings of the IEEE Canada Electrical Power and Energy Conference, Montreal,      October, 2009.

    911.         Utilization of Multi-State Generating Unit Models in Unit Commitment Risk Analysis of Wind Integrated Power Systems”, B. Karki, R. Billinton.  Electric Power Components and Systems, 37 (2009), pp. 1118-1132.

    912.         Effects of Hourly Wind Trends on the Peak Load Carrying Capability of Wind-Integrated Power Systems”, R. Billinton, B. Karki.  Journal of Risk and Reliability, Vol. 223, No. 04, Dec. 2009, pp. 279-288.

    913.         Wind Power Modelling and the Determination of Capacity Credit in an Electric Power System”,                R. Billinton, D. Huang.  Journal of Risk and Reliability, Vol. 2010, No. 01, 2010, pp. 1-9, Proceedings of AR2TS, April 2009.

    914.         Long-Term Probabilistic Evaluation of Operating Reserve Requirements With Renewable Sources”,       A.M. Leite da Silva,  W.S. Sales, L.A.F. Manson, R.Billinton, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems,        Vol. 25, No. 1, February 2010, pp. 106-116.

    915.         Sensitivity of System Operating Considerations in Generating Capacity Adequacy Evaluation”, R. Billinton, D. Huang.  Electric Power and Energy Systems 32 (2010), pp. 178-186.

    916.         Reliability Evaluation Considering Wind and Hydro Power Coordination”, R. Karki, P. Hu, and R. Billinton, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 25, No. 2, May 2010, pp. 685-693.

    917.         Reliability Assessment of a Wind Integrated Hydro-Thermal Power System”, R. Karki, P. Hu, and             R. Billinton  Conference on Probability Methods Applied to Power Systems (PMAPS), Singapore,            June 14-16, 2010, (CD Rom).

    918.         Coordinating Wind and Hydro Generation to Increase the Effective Load Carrying Capability”,                  W. Wangdee,, W. Li, and R. Billinton.  Conference on Probability Methods Applied to Power Systems (PMAPS), Singapore, June 14-16, 2010, (CD Rom).

    919.         Effects of Demand Side Management on Bulk System Adequacy Evaluation, Conference on Probability Methods Applied to Power Systems”, D. Huang, R. Billinton, and W. Wangdee, (PMAPS), Singapore,     June 14-16, 2010, (CD Rom).

    920.         Wind Power Planning and Operating Capacity Credit Assessment”, R. Billinton, D. Huang, and B. Karki. Conference on Probability Methods Applied to Power Systems (PMAPS). Singapore, June 14-16, 2010,  (CD Rom).

    921.         New Efficient Reserve Rate Index of Power System Including Renewable Energy Generators”, J. Park       , J. Choi, M. Shahidehpour, K.Y. Lee, R. Billinton.  Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (SGT), 2010.

    922.         Probabilistic Evaluation of Transient Stability of a Power System Incorporating Wind Farms”, S.O. Faried, R. Billinton, S. Aboreshaid.  IET Renewable Power Generation, Vol. 4, Iss. 4, 2010, pp. 299-307.

    923.          “Incorporating Wind Power in Generating System Reliability Evaluation”,  R. Billinton and R. Karki, International Journal of Systems Assurance Engineering and Management, Vol. 2, No. 2, April-June 2010, pp. 120-128.

    924.         Pertinent Factors Influencing an Effective Load Carrying Capability and its Application to Intermittent Generation”, W. Wangdee, W. Li, and R. Billinton, International Journal of Systems Assurance Engineering and Management, Vol 2, No. 2, April-June 2010, pp. 146-156.

    925.         Review of Reduction Techniques in the Determination of Composite System Adequacy Equivalents”,        A. Akhavein,  M. Fotuhi Firuzabad, R. Billinton, D. Farokhzad, Journal of Electric Power System Research (EPSR), Vol. 80, 2010, pp. 1385-1393.

    926.         Assessment of CO2 Reduction by Renewable Energy Generators”, J. Choi, J. Park, M. Shahidehpour,         R. Billinton.  Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (SGT), 2010.

    927.         Test Systems for Reliability and Adequacy Assessments of Electric Power Systems”, R.; Billinton and        D. Huang.  Proceedings, IEEE General Meeting, Minneapolis, July 2010.

    928.         Reliability Evaluation of an HVDC Transmission System Tapped by a VSC Station”, S. Zadkhast,             M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, F. Aminifar, R. Billinton, S.O. Faried, A.A. (A). Edris.  IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 25, No. 3, July 2010, pp. 1962-1970.

    929.         Grid Constrained Probabilistic Reliability Evaluation of Power Systems Including Wind Turbine Generator”, J. Choi, J. Park, K Cho, M. Shahidehpour, R. Billinton, IEEE PES General Meeting,  Minneapolis, July 2010.

    930.         Application of a Joint Deterministic-Probabilistic Criterion to Wind Integrated Bulk Power System Planning”, R. Billinton, Y. Gao, and R. Karki. IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 25, No. 3, August 2010, pp. 1384-1392.

    931.         Power System Reinforcement Planning Considering Wind Power and Load Forecast Uncertainty Using The Well-Being Analysis Framework”, D. Huang and R. Billinton.  Universities Power Engineering Conference, Cardiff, Wales, August 31 – September 3, 2010.

    932.         Grid Expansion Planning Considering Probabilistic Production and Congestion Costs Based on Nodal Effective Load Model”, IJ. Park, J. Choi, D. Jeon, A.A. El-Keib, J. Mitra, W. Cho and R. Billinton..  IEEE PES T&D Conference, 2010.

    933.         Determination of the Optimum Capacity and Type of Wind Turbine Generators in a Power System Considering Reliability and Cost”, K. Xie and R. Billinton, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 26, No. 1, March 2011, pp. 227-235.

    934.         Reliability Modeling for Evaluating the Contribution of Photovoltaics in Electric Power Systems”, R. Karki, A. Alferidi, and R. Billinton.  IEEE 37th PV Specialists Conference, Seattle, June 19-24, 2011.

    935.         Energy and Reliability Benefits of Wind Energy Conversion Systems”, K. Xie and R. Billinton, Renewable Energy, Volume 36, Issue 7, July 2011, pp. 1983-1988.

    936.          “Evaluation of Wind Power Commitment Risk in System Operation”, S. Thapa, R. Karki, and R. Billinton.  IEEE Electrical Power and Energy Conference (EPEC) 2011, Winnipeg, 3-5 October 2011, pp. 284-289.

    937.         Impacts of Demand Side Management on Bulk System Reliability Evaluation Considering Load Forecast Uncertainty”, D. Huang and R. Billinton.  IEEE Electric Power and Energy Conference (EPEC) 2011, Winnipeg, 3-5 October 2011.

    938.         Adequacy Assessment of Wind-Integrated Composite Generation and Transmission Systems”, R. Billinton, Y. Gao, D. Huang and R.Karki.  Chapter 4, Innovations in Power Systems Reliability, Edited by George Anders, Alfredo Vaccaro, Springer, London, UK, 2011, pp. 141-168.

    939.         Integration of Clustering Analysis and Reward/Penalty Mechanisms for Regulating Service Reliability in Distribution Systems”, H. Mohammadnezhad-Shourkaei, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad and R. Billinton.  IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, Vol. 3, Issue 11, Nov. 2011, pp. 1192-1200.

    940.         Adequacy Equivalent Development of Composite Generation and Transmission Systems Using Network Screening”, A. Akhavien, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, R. Billinton and D. Farokhzad.  IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, Vol. 5, Issue 11, Nov. 2011, pp. 1141-1148.

    941.         Incorporating Wind Power in Generating Capacity Reliability Evaluation Using Different Models”,            R. Billinton and D. Huang.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 26, No. 4, November 2011, pp. 2509-2517.

    942.         Large Wind Integrated Bulk System Reinforcement Planning Using The Joint Deterministic Probabilistic Method”, Y. Gao, R. Billinton and R. Karki.  Proceedings of the IET Reliability of Transmission and Distribution Networks Conference, 22-24 November 2011, London, UK.

    943.          “Well-Being Analysis of Wind Integrated Power Systems”, R. Billinton and B. Karki, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 26, No. 4, November, 2011, pp. 2101 – 2109.

    944.         Bulk Electric System Adequacy Assessment Incorporating Load Forecast Uncertainty”, Y. Gao, R. Billinton and R. Karki.  5th International Conference on Quality, Reliability and Information Technology, Kathmandu, 7-9 December 2011.

    945.         Quantifying Risk In Power System Operation Considering Wind Power”, S. Thapa, R. Karki and R. Billinton.  5th International Conference on Quality, Reliability and Information Technology, Kathmandu,       7-9 December 2011.

    946.         Probabilistic Risk Analysis in Wind Integrated Electric Power System Operation”, S. Thapa, R. Karki and  R. Billinton, International Symposium on Engineering under Uncertainty: Safety Assessment and Management, Kolkata, 4-6 January 2012, Paper No. CNP009.

    947.         Operating Risk Analysis of Wind-integrated Power Systems”, R. Karki, S. Thapa and R. Billinton.  Electric Power Components and Systems, 40:4, 2012, pp. 399-413.

    948.         Effects of Load Sector Demand Side Management Applications in Generating Capacity Adequacy Assessment”, D. Huang and R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 27, No. 1, February 2012, pp. 335-343.

    949.         A Simplified Risk-Based Method for Short-Term Wind Power Commitment”, R. Karki, S. Thapa and        R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, 3(3), 2012, pp. 498-505.

    950.         Probabilistic Benefit/Cost Analysis in Transmission System Planning”, W. Li, R. Billinton and W. Wangdee.  Conference on Probability Methods Applied to Power Systems (PMAPS), Istanbul, Turkey, June 10-14, 2012. (CD Rom).

    951.         Adequacy Impacts of Wind and Hydro Co-ordinated Operation in Power Systems”, R. Karki, P. Hu and     R. Billinton.  Conference on Probability Methods Applied to Power Systems (PMAPS), Istanbul, Turkey, June 10-14, 2012.  (CD Rom).

    952.         Basic Models and Methodologies for Common Mode and Dependent Transmission Outage Events”,           R. Billinton.  Proceedings, IEEE General Meeting, San Diego, July 2012.

    953.         Adequacy Assessment Considerations in Wind Integrated Power Systems”, R. Billinton, R. Karki, Y. Gao, D. Huang, P. Hu and W. Wangdee IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 27, No. 4, November, 2012, pp. 2297 – 2306.

    954.         Probing the Intermittent Energy Resource Contributions from Generation Adequacy and Security Perspectives”, W. Wangdee and R. Billinton, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 27, No. 4, November, 2012, pp. 2306 – 2314.

    955.         A Comprehensive Scheme for Reliability Centered Maintenance in Power Distribution Systems –Part I: Methodology”, P. Dehghanian, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, F. Aminifar, and R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 28, No. 2, April, 2013, pp. 761-770.

    956.         A Comprehensive Scheme for Reliability-Centered Maintenance in Power Distribution Systems—Part II:  Numerical Analysis”, P. Dehghanian, M. Fortuhi-Firuzabad, E. Aminifar and R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 28, No. 2, April, 2013, pp. 771-778.

    957.         Application of hourly time series models in day-ahead wind power commitment”, S. Thapa, R. Karki and    R. Billinton.  Reliability and Risk Evaluation of Wind Integrated Power Systems, Springer, 2013, pp. 45-58.

    958.         Adequacy and Security Measures in Integrated Intermittent Renewable Generation Systems”, W. Wangdee, R. Billinton and W. Li.  Reliability and Risk Evaluation of Wind Integrated Power Systems, Springer, 2013, pp. 75-90.

    959.         Extension of area risk concepts to incorporate wind power in unit commitment risk evaluation”, S. Thapa, R. Karki, R. Billinton and H. Kile.  26th Annual IEEE Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (CCECE), 2013.

    960.         Reliabiity Evaluation Incorporating the Load Following Capability of Wind Generation”, R. Karki,              D. Dhungana, S. Shimu, R. Billinton.  26th Annual IEEE Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (CCECE), 2013.

    961.         Wind Integrated Power System Well-Being Analysis”, W. Wangdee, R. Billinton, W. Li, IEEE Power & Energy  Society General Meeting, 2013.

    962.         Utilization of the Area Risk Concept for Operational Reliability Evaluation of a Wind-Integrated Power System”, S. Thapa, R. Karki and R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 28, No. 4, November 2013, pp. 4771-4779.

    963.          “Protection System Reliability Assessment Considering Smart Grid Technologies”.  A.S. Alabdulwahab,       R. Billinton.  Reliability Modeling and Analysis of Smart Power Systems, Springer, 2014.

    964.         Assessing Transmission System Flexibility Associated With Wind Power Integration Using Well-Being Analysis”, W. Wangdee, R. Billinton, W. Li, T. Suwanasri.  Conference on Probability Methods Applied to Power Systems (PMAPS), Durham, England, 2014.

    965.         Reliability Evaluation of Multiple Substations with Distribution Networks”, W. Li, R. Billinton, A. Tache.  Conference on Probability Methods Applied to Power Systems (PMAPS), Durham, England, 2014.

    966.         Risk Based Methods for Short Term Wind Power Commitment”, R. Karki, R. Billinton, S. Thapa, IEEE PES General Meeting, National Harbour, Washington, July 2014.

    967.         Operating Risk Considerations in Wind Integrated Power Systems, S. Thapa, R. Karki, R. Billinton. Conference on Probability Methods Applied to Power Systems (PMAPS), Durham, England, 2014.

    968.         Customer Interruption Cost in Smart Grids”, A. Safdarian, M. Lehtonen, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, R. Billinton.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Volume 29, Issue 2, 2014, pp. 994-995.

    969.         A Practical Application of the Delphi Method in Maintenance-Targeted Resource Allocation of Distribution Utilities”, P. Dehghanian, M. Moeini-Aghtaie, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, R. Billinton.  Conference on Probability Methods Applied to Power Systems (PMAPS), Durham, England, 2014.

    970.         Incorporating a Condition Monitoring Based Aging Failure Model of a Circuit Breaker in Substation Reliabiity Assessment”, J. Zhong, W. Li, R. Billinton, J. Yu.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Volume 30, Issue 6, 2015, pp. 3407-3415.

    971.         Modeling Tidal Current Speed Using a Wakeby Distribution”, M Liu, W. Li, R. Billinton, C. Wang, J. Yu.  Electric Power Systems Research, 10/2015.

    972.         Early Evolution of LOLP: Evaluating Generating Capacity Requirements (History)”, R. Billinton, K. Chu.  IEEE Power and Energy Magazing, Volume 12, Issue 4, 2015, pp. 88-98.

    973.         Probabilistic Modelling of Tidal Power Generation”.  M.Liu, W. Li, R. Billinton;, C. Wang, J. Yu.  IEEE PES General Meeting, July, 2015

    974.         Probabilistic Power Flow Analysis Based on the Stochastic Response Surface Method”, Z. Ren, W. Li,        R. Billinton, W. Yan.   IEEE Transactions on Power Systesm, Volume 31, Issue 3, 2016, pp. 2307-2315

    975.         Early Evolution of LOLP:  Evaluating Generating Capacity Requirements (Letters to the Editor)”,           R.P. Felak, R. Billinton, K. Chu.  IEEE Power and Energy; Magazine, Volume 14, Issue 1, 2016, pp. 18-24.

    976.         Reliability Evaluation of a Tidal Power Generation System Considering Tidal Current Speeds”, M. Liu, W. Li, C. Wang, R. Billinton., J. Yu.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Volume 31, Issue 4, 2016, pp. 3179-3188.

    977.         Resource Strength and Locaation Impact of Wind Power on Bulk Electric System Reliability”, S.I. Arman, R. Karki, R. Billinton.  Conference on Probability Methods Applied to Powr Systems (PMAPS).  Beijing, China, 2015.

    978.         Research on Common-Mode and Dependent (CMD) Outage Events in Power Systems:  A Review”, RRPA Subcommittee Working Group PACME, M. Papic, R.Billinton, et al.  IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 32, No. 2, March 2017.